(17. 05. 1904 - 15. 11. 1976), French actor.
. Having started working life at 14 years, five years have already acted on the stage 'Folies-Bergц¬re', and then in other music halls and revues, and in 1930 made his debut in the film - a musical comedy 'Anyone can get lucky' (Chacun Sa Chance).
. Celebrity Gabin
had brought the role of a simple and courageous hero of the film F
. Duvivier 'Marie Chapdelaine' (The Naked Heart / Maria Chapdelaine, 1934). Subsequent tapes Duvivier actor develops a type of romantic hero, doomed by fate, but preserving the nobility, dignity and indomitable spirit in the movies 'Banner', 1935; 'Pepe Le Moko' (Pepe Le Moko, 1937). And in the film 'The glorious company' (La Belle Equipe, 1936) Gabin
character is more grounded, his 'vulgar' democracy reflects the spirit of change associated with the Popular Front.
The most complete talent actor revealed in the films F. Renoir: 'At the bottom' (Les Bas-Fonds, based on the play M. Gorky, 1936), 'Grand Illusion' (La Grande Illusion, 1937), 'Human-animal' (La Bete Humaine, by E. Zola, 1938). Embodying love of life, common sense and moral force of the lower classes, characters Renoirs films reveal the depth and power, not known before the cinema of the West. However, the 'man-beast' hero Gabin
is persecuted victim of circumstances for which the visible deformity of the social system. Execution of two roles in the tape M. Carne 'Port of Shadows' (Quai Des Brumes, 1938) and 'day begins' (Le Jour Se Leve, 1939) completes the evolution of the character actor and the formation gabenovskogo 'myth'. A quiet pathos of a hopeless conflict the world of evil makes gabenovskogo outsider truly majestic, . despite tragedy, . figure, . and unobtrusive, . the subtle manner of performance allows the actor to pass all the nuances of the psychological and emotional dynamics of the role.,
. During the war, Gabin
was withdrawn in only two minor Hollywood films and returned home
. Appeal to the 'still' Gabin
is successful drama P. Clement 'On the other side of the lattice' / 'the walls Malapagi' (Au-Delr Des Grilles / Le Mure Di Malapurga, 1949), but gradually becomes an actor in the role of age. His new characters - is still strong in spirit, . humane and ready to fight against injustice - most have already won their place in the sun and protect the 'pillars' in the film 'powerful of this world' (Les Grandes Familles, . 1958), . although Gabin
allows himself to be removed and a melodrama 'Case of Dr. Laurent' (Le Cas Du Dr,
. Laurent, . 1957), . and in the movie classic 'Les Miserables' (Les Miserables, . 1958), . particularly successful at crime scenes: 'Melody of the basement', . (Melodie En Sous-Sol, . 1963); 'Sicilian Clan' (Le Clan Des Siciliens, . 1969), 'Two in the city' (Deux Hommes Dans La Ville, . 1973),
. 'Late' Gabin
played in the great multitude of films, but his image will always be associated with simple and generous guys prewar films.
. Page Jean gobena in "universal encyclopedia" on megaportals "Cyril and Methodius"
. Biography, picture.