(01. 07. 1902 - 28. 07. 1981), American film director.
Born in Alsace in the family of the Swiss merchant haberdasher, he studied at the Graduate School in Lausanne, then at the Paris Conservatory in violin, he met with moviemaker K. Lemmle, a distant cousin of his mother, in 1921 went to the U.S.. Worked in the studio 'Yuniversl', changing the set of occupations. In 1925, his debut film 'Dodger Buster'. A few short years of filmed westerns in the early 30-ies moved to full-length film. Only after a meeting with the producer with. Goldwyn appear first significant work Wyler
, such as 'The three' (These Three, 1936, the play A. Hellman 'Children's Hour'); 'Dodsworth' (Dodsworth, 1936, on C. Lewis); 'impasse' (Dead End, 1937, on C. Kingsley), the distinguished acute social problems, a realistic depiction of characters and the psychology of characters, excellent performance of actors and the innovative use of deep staging - technology, developed jointly with the operator T. Toland and brought to perfection in 'Chanterelle' (The Little Foxes, 1941). Seeking consistency from the actors performance, Wyler
at the same time helps to reveal the gift of such stars as B. Davis in the film 'Jezebel' (Jezebel, 1938); 'Chanterelle', Merle Oberon and Laurence Olivier ( 'Wuthering Heights', 1939).
One of the key figures 'social realism' era F. Roosevelt, Wyler
created in 1942 tape 'Mrs. Miniver' (Mrs. Miniver, . Award Oscar for the film and director) on the participation of ordinary Englishmen in the defense of the country, . kinootdel headed the U.S. Air Force and took two documentaries ( 'Oscar' for the tape 'Fighting' Lady '(The Fighting Lady, . 1944), . and its post-war drama 'The Best Years of Our Lives' (The Best Years Of Our Lives, . 1946, . Oscar for the film and director) was the product of the outcome on the verge of a new era of 'Cold War' and change the stakes in Hollywood,
. In 50-ies of Wyler
, such as 'Carrie' (Carrie, 1952, in T. Dreiser), romantic comedy "Roman Holiday '(Roman Holiday, . 1953); pacifist drama 'friendly persuasion' (Friendly Persuasion, . 1956, . main prize at the Cannes International Film Festival-57); staging super-colossus 'Ben-Hur' (Ben-Hur, . 1959, . 11 'Oscars', . including film and best director) preserve humanity, . psychology and visual culture, . but lose the connection with the age, . which makes the picture producer events in 30-40-s,
. Of the few bands 60-ies, . psychological drama 'Children's Hour' (The Children's Hour) and ( 'KollektsionerThe Collector'), . comedy 'How to Steal a Million' (How To Steal A Million), . only musical 'Funny Girl' (Funny Girl, . 1968) was a great commercial success,
. And in the latter, anti-racism film Wyler
'When L. B. Jones' (The Liberation Of LB. Jones, 1970) clearly distinguish the hand of the great masters. At the Oscar ceremony in 1965 awarded the name E. Tцгllberg, and in 1976 received the prize of the American Film Institute for the combined work.
. Page W. Wyler in "universal encyclopedia" on megaportals "Cyril and Methodius"
. Biography, picture.