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Mike Nichols

( Director)

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Nichols (Nichols), Mike (p. 06. 11. 1931), American film director, producer, actor. Real name - Michael I. Peshkovski.
Born in Berlin in the family doctor, a Russian Jew, who in 1939 emigrated to the U.S.. Lacking funds for education in the University of Chicago, Nichols, in his youth was forced to earn money, night watchman, postal employees, truck driver. Inspired by acting profession, he studied at the Lee Strasberg studios in New York. Began performing in restaurants and cabarets, and then in the show on Broadway, including his first wife, Helen Mae. In 1963 made his Broadway debut as a director since 1966 - a movie director. Nichols - one of the most acclaimed directors in the world of theater and cinema, . having almost all the prestigious awards: the Oscar (for Best Director 'The Graduate'), . Emmy for his work on TV, . Seven awards 'Tony' for the performances, . Directors Guild Awards and the New York Film Critics Circle,
. Debuting in the film adaptation of the play "Who's Afraid of Virginia VulfN 'Edward Albee (Who's Afraid Of Virginia WoolfN, . 1966, . Award Oscar for actress Elizabeth Taylor and Sandy Dennis), . Nichols immediately became an honorary status 'actor's director', . who is always happy and often worked as an actor repeatedly (four times - Jack Nicholson, . thrice - Meryl Streep, . twice - Harrison Ford), . and thanks to him were opened Dustin Hoffman, . played in the film 'Graduate' (The Graduate, . 1967) and singer Art Garfunkel as an actor in the film 'Catch-22' (Catch-22, . 1970), . 'Carnal knowledge' (Carnal Knowledge, . 1971).,
. However, since the beginning of film career Nichols, was also considered and more Europeanized director, have an interest in classical culture and contemporary cinematic trends
. Directed skillfully combined in the films at the turn of 60-70-s criticism 'establishment', . morality, . various institutions of government with a healthy conservatism, . ability to attract viewers even almost non-winning stories from real life (as later in the case of the movie 'Silkwood', . Silkwood, . 1983, . nomination for the Oscar for Best Director),
. Despite the fact that he has fallen to seven years of cinema, do not fit the new situation in the second half of the 70-ies, Nichols continued to participate actively and with equal success to work in the theater without a commercial and artistic failure. The director is easy to suspect is now in the traditional and even concessions to neo-conservatism (which is most pronounced in 'Working Girl', as it were apotheosis Americanism, 'yappizma' and feminism - Nomination for 'Oskar'-88 for Best Director). But a note of irritation about the contemporary American, . like clockwork life, . which sounded in the movie 'Regarding Henry' (Regarding Henry, . 1991), . even more, . true, . in the form of allegorical mystical melodrama, . expressed in the film 'The Wolf' (Wolf, . 1994),
. It probably struck a chord, if the results exceeded the 'Working Girl' (Working Girl, 1988) and was second at the box indices in the works after Nichols 'The Graduate'. However, the next work director, . 30 years ago contributed to his 'immoral films' repeal of the notorious 'Hays Code', . namely comedy 'cage for birds' (The Birdcage, . 1996), . American remake of a French farce about a pair of middle-aged gay, . more's liking overseas audience, . is happy to get rid of the last taboos.,
. Sergey Kudryavtsev
. 1966 Who's Afraid of Virginia VULFN / WHO'S AFRAID OF VIRGINIA WOOLFN director
. 1967 BACH TO BACH Executive
. 1967 GRADUATE / THE GRADUATE director
. 1970 Catch-22 / CATCH-22 director
. 1971 Plotsky COGNITION / CARNAL KNOWLEDGE producer, director
. Day of the Dolphin 1973 / THE DAY OF THE DOLPHIN director
. 1975 STATE / THE FORTUNE producer, director
. 1980 CONCERT Gilda / GILDA LIVE director
. 1983 Silkwood / SILKWOOD producer, director
. 1986 nauseam / HEARTBURN producer, director
. 1986 THE LONGSHOT Executive Producer
. 1988 Biloxi Blues / BILOXI BLUES director
. 1988 Working Girl / WORKING GIRL director
. 1990 Postcards from the brink of the abyss / POSTCARDS FROM THE EDGE producer, director
. 1991 WITH RESPECT TO HENRY / REGARDING HENRY producer, director
. 1993 BALANCE OF THE DAY / THE REMAINS OF THE DAY co-producer
. 1994 WOLF / WOLF director
. 1996 Cages for birds / THE BIRDCAGE producer, director
. Award Oscar nomination in the 'Director' for 1967


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