(p. 03. 04. 1924, Omaha, pc. Nebraska), American film actor and theater director.
He studied at the Military Academy in Minnesota, in 1943 entered the New York theater class School for Social Research, then in the Actors Studio. In 1944, debuted on Broadway in "I love my mother ', in 1950 - in the movie (the movie Fr. Zinnemann 'Men' (Battle Stripe), which played the paralyzed disabled World War II).
The real success came after Brando
Filming E. Kazanov play T. Williams '' Streetcar 'Desire' (A Streetcar Named Desire, 1951), where, as on the stage, the actor playing Stanley Kowalski. Immediate improvisational style, frank sexuality, original, bawdy humor and occasional flashes of humanity in general dark background helped create a very unusual way.
. In 1952 starred in another film Kazan's "Viva Zapata!" (Viva Zapata!) Scenario J
. Steinbeck. Actor managed to show that peasant leader of the Mexican Revolution of 1910-ies woven of contradictions: a convinced and ignorant, . strong and doubters, . humble and ironic, impudent (the British Film Academy Award and Cannes Film Festival),
. Role in the film 'Savage' Laslo Benedek (The Wild One, 1953) has made Brando
voice generation youth protest. The evolution of the image of 'youth anti-hero', he continued brilliantly in Kazan's film 'The Port' (On The Waterfront, 1954) - award 'Oscar', concluded the first phase of his work. He became the youngest winner of awards 'Oscar', as well as the British Film Academy Award and the New York Film Critics.
In the 1960's in most of his roles, Brando
simply variations on their previous success. In different genres, he opened one and the same theme of rebirth through love - 'escapees from the rocks' (The Fugitive Kind, 1960), 'Sayonara' (Sayonara, 1957) and others. His only significant work of that time was the role of Sheriff Calder in the film 'The Chase' (The Chase, 1965). Second off genuine creativity Brando
suffered in the early 1970's, starring in the movie Fr. Coppola's 'Godfather' (The Godfather, 1972, award 'Oscar'), in which he knocked over all the usual presentation of the images of gangsters on the screen. His fame was further strengthened after the film 'Last Tango in Paris' B. Bertolucci (Ultimo Tango A Parigi / Dernier Tango A Paris, 1972), where the actor is very subtly managed to convey the spiritual evolution of his character. A major breakthrough was achieved and the image of Colonel Kurtz in Coppola's film 'Apocalypse Now' (Apocalypse Now, 1979).
. In the 1980's and 1990's Brando
appears on the screen is very rare in the movies 'Beginner' (The Freshman, 1990), 'Don Juan de Marco' (Don Juan Demarco, 1995 and others)
. Lives in Tahiti. In 1994 published a memoir 'songs, which my mother taught me'. Page M. Brando in "universal encyclopedia" on megaportals "Cyril and Methodius"
. Biography, picture.