(26. 03. 1904 - 06. 08. 1986), Mexican director and actor.
By Indian origin, is also known as El Indio.
He studied at the military college. In the years 1928-33 in the episodes filmed in Hollywood. Since 1934, the actor (films 'Heart Bandit', 1934, 'Maria Elena', 1935) and screenwriter. Great success was the main role in the film 'Hanittsio' K. Navarro. Then Fernandez
tries itself to directing: 'Island of Passion' (Isla De La Passion, 1941) and 'I - real Mexican' (Soy Puro Mexicano, 1942). Original author's style was defined in the film 'Wild Flower' (Flor Silvestre, . 1943), . where around the producer teamed up permanent shooting team: screenwriter Mauricio Magdaleno, . operator Gabriel Figueroa, . actors Dolores del Rio and Pedro Armendц¦riz,
. International fame Fernandez
brought the film "Maria Candelaria '(Maria Candelaria, 1943, a prize at Cannes International Film Festival, 1946), marked the birth of a new school in the Mexican cinema, marked by the influence of ideas' indihenizma'. The most fruitful director working in 40-ies: 'Abandoned' and 'Bugambilya' (Bugambilia, . both - 1944), . 'Pepita Jimenez' (Pepita Jimenez, . 1945), . 'The Pearl' (1945, . Prize International Film Festival in Venice, . 1947), . 'In love' (Enamorada, . 1946), . 'Rio Escondido' (Rio Escondido, . 1947), . 'Makloviya' and 'Village girl' / 'Mexican Girl' (both - 1948), . 'One Day in the life' (1950),
. Many ribbons are awarded prizes of the Mexican Academy.
. Realistic basically Fernandez
paintings contain elements of social criticism, in its center - the fate of heroes (people from the people, mostly Indian farmers and fishermen), the solution to the romantic sublime vein
. Director's artistic style is characteristic combination of beauty and tragic, coming from the ancient Mexican legend, the influence of painting artists muralistov, poetry and a certain aesthetic quality to the Indians. Emotional atmosphere of the best films in many ways creates cameraman art D. Figueroa, a beautiful master of chiaroscuro.
In the 50's began a marked decline in the work of Fernandez
- 'Acapulco' (Acapulco, 1951), 'Reporting' (El Reportaje, 1953), 'Love dating' (Una Cita De Amor, 1956) and others. He returned to the acting craft, acted in films 'Cucaracha' (1958), 'Iron Brothers' (1961), in his picture 'faithful soldiers of Pancho Villa' (A Loyal Soldier Of Pancho Villa, 1966). Filmed in Spain, USA (tape 'Wild Bunch', 'Pat Gerret and Billy the Kid' and 'Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia' N. Peckinpah, 'Under the Volcano' J. Houston, TX). Once again, turned to directing, using the old motives of tapes: 'La Choc' (La Choca, 1973), 'Red Zone' (Zona Roja, 1975), 'North of Mexico' (1977), 'Erotica' (1978).
. Page E. Fernandosa in "universal encyclopedia" on megaportals "Cyril and Methodius"