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Mohammad Zahir Shah

( Up to 24 August 1973 King of Afghanistan)

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Biography Mohammad Zahir Shah



Born October 15, 1914 Place of Birth City of Kabul (Afghanistan)
He graduated from a religious school in Afghanistan, and after studying in France at the Pasteur Institute and the University of Montpellier. In 1931 he married. Has two daughters and five sons.
In 1930 he returned from France to Afghanistan and continued education in the infantry officers' school.
In 1932 he was appointed Deputy Minister of National Defense, and later - also Minister of Education.
In 1933, ascended to the Afghan throne, after his father was killed.
The period from 1963 to 1973 known as the "decade of democracy": the King managed to carry out democratic reforms.
In Afghanistan, came a free press, both newspapers, communist, and religious content, there was an elected parliament, members of the royal family had no longer allowed to enter the government.
August 24, 1973 abdicated in favor of David, his brother, believing that to be able to cope with a difficult situation in Afghanistan (in 1978, Daoud and his entire family were killed by Afghan communists).
Shortly before the entry "limited contingent" of Soviet troops in Afghanistan, Zahir Shah left the country and settled in Italy.
In the summer of 2001 in Moscow, a delegation Zahir Shah, who proposed a plan to resolve the situation in Afghanistan. The plan is simple - do not sell any weapons to the north or the south, the way to stop drugs.
Sept. 24 declared that he would again lead the country if it can help Afghanistan emerge from the crisis
. September 30 for talks with representatives of the Northern Alliance, which discussed the establishment of a transitional government.
. Oct. 1 said that the Afghan people are not responsible for the terrorist attacks perpetrated against the United States, and believes that his country needed help in the release, which guarantees her peace and stability.





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Mohammad Zahir Shah, photo, biography
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