Born September 2, 1941 In 1965 he graduated from the Moscow Physical-Technical Institute. Speaks English.
1965-1968 gg. - Postgraduate MIPT.
1969-1990 gg. - Senior Researcher, Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics. Founder of "Memorial".
One of the organizers of the Moscow Association of voters (DPI), and then the movement "Democratic Russia". Trustee aq. Sakharov's election to the deputies of the USSR. Co-movement "Living Ring.
From 1990 to October 1993. was a people's deputy of Russia, Chairman of the subcommittee of the Armed Forces of spedstvam mass infopmatsii, relations with public organizations, mass movements of citizens and public opinion research.
He was a member of the Committee on Armed Forces public. Is a candidate for election in the Federal Assembly of the electoral bloc "Choice of Russia" in Moscow. Dossier on Ponomareva LA