Astronaut Russia. Born March 7, 1940 in the village Berezkin Orichevskogo district Kirov region. After graduating in 1960, the Perm Railway College worked on the Sverdlovsk railway. After graduating in 1969, the Moscow Institute of Engineers of Geodesy, Surveying and Mapping began work in the design office. In 1978 he enlisted in the detachment of Soviet cosmonauts (1978 a group of civilian experts? 7). It has been a full course of training for space flight on the Soyuz-type spacecraft and orbital stations Salyut-type. He was a member of the backup crew during the flight of the spaceship Soyuz T-3 (November-December 1980). His first space flight made from 12 March to 26 May 1981 as a flight engineer of the spaceship Soyuz T-4. He worked on board the orbital station Salyut-6. The flight duration was 74 days 17 hours 37 minutes 23 seconds. After space flight continued to prepare for new space missions. He was a member of the backup crews of spacecraft Soyuz T-7 (August 1982), Soyuz T-8 (April 1983) and Soyuz T-12 (July 1984).
His second space flight made from 6 June to 21 November 1985 as a flight engineer of the spaceship Soyuz T-13. He worked on board the orbital station Salyut-7. August 2, 1985 made out in the open space, duration 5 o'clock. Second space flight lasted 167 days 1 o'clock 51 minutes. After the second space flight continued to prepare for the new space flights. He was a member of the backup crew of the spaceship Soyuz TM-3 (July 1987). His third space flight made from 7 to 17 June 1988 as a flight engineer of the spaceship Soyuz TM-5. He worked on board the orbital station Mir. The flight duration was 9 days 20 hours 10 minutes. Over three flights into space flown 251 days 15 hours 38 minutes 23 seconds. In 1989 he left the cosmonaut corps and became the rector of the Moscow Institute of Engineers of Geodesy, Surveying and Mapping (now the Moscow University of Geodesy and Cartography). Professor. President of the Association of Russian Universities. People's deputy of the USSR from 1989 to 1992.
Twice Hero of the Soviet Union. He was awarded three Orders of Lenin. Hero Bulgaria. Hero of the MPR. Awarded the Order of Sukhbaatar and the medal "Golden Star" (Mongolia), the Order of Military Glory (Syria). Honorary citizen of Kaluga, Perm, Kirov (Russia), Dzhezkazgan (Kazakhstan), Ulaanbaatar, Darkhan (Mongolia). Author of the book "The Earth waits and hopes".
1-st flew to the orbital complex "Soyuz T-4" - "Salyut-6" from March 12, 1981. to 26 May 1981. 75sutok as a flight engineer.
2-nd flew to the orbital complex "Soyuz T-13 - Salyut-7" - "Soyuz T-14" 6 June 1985. to 21 nyabrya 1985. a flight engineer. During the flight to the station "Salyut-7" because of "shallow" faults in the internal compartments of the temperature plummeted In addition to the discharge the battery and the lights went out. Only the desperate efforts cosmonauts Vladimir Dzhanibekov and Viktor Savinykh then able to "unfreeze" the station, bring her back to life.
W th flew to the orbital complex "Soyuz TM-5 '-" Soyuz TM-4, from 7 June 1988. 17 June 1988. as an engineer (international Soviet-Bulgarian flight).
Since 1989. - Rector of the Moscow Institute of Engineers of Geodesy, aerophil-tosemki and cartography, is president of the association "The Conference of Universities of Russia", is the chairman of the federation Vssesoyuznoy Navigation.
People's deputy of the USSR from 1989. by 1992.
Member of the CPSU since 1963. by 1991.
In 1995, running for the State Duma 6-th convocation with the support of the Bloc independent.
People's deputy of the USSR from 1989. to 1992 Dossier on Savinykh VP