Date of Birth 25 January 1928, Mr.. Hometown Village Mamati Lanchhutskogo district (Western Georgia) graduated from the Tbilisi Medical tehnikum.V in 1959 graduated from Kutaisi Pedagogical Institute. ATsulukidze. Married, two children.
Since 1946, Mr.. in the Komsomol and party work.
From 1961 to 1964 he was the first secretary of the District Committee of the Communist Party of Georgia in Mtskheta, then first secretary of the First of the District Party Committee Tbilisi.
1964-1972 years - first deputy minister of public order, and then - Minister of Internal Affairs of Georgia.
From 1972 to 1985 - first secretary of the Central Committee of Communist Party of Georgia.
In 1985-1991 he. - Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR.
1985-1990,. - Politburo member.
Member of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR 9 - 11 convocations.
In 1990-1991. - Deputy of the USSR.
In 1991 he resigned in protest against the imposition of military dictatorship and in the same year came from the ranks of the CPSU.
In 1992. - Chairman of the State Council of the Republic of Georgia.
In 1992-1993. - Chairman of the Parliament of the Republic of Georgia, chairman of the State Council of Defense of Georgia.
Since 1992, Mr.. President of the Republic of Georgia.
Since November 1993. Chairman of the Citizens Union of Georgia
. April 9, 2000 re-elected President of the Republic of Georgia, having received more than 82% of voters who took part in the elections.
. The origin, marital status
. Third-party evaluation, characteristics
. Political views, positions