MANSUROV BURHAN HUSNUTDINOVICH( statesman.)
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Biography MANSUROV BURHAN HUSNUTDINOVICH
Born in 1889 in the village of Old Green Khvalin district of the Saratov province in the family of a village mullah. He studied first in the madrasas of his father and then his eleven sent to Astrakhan. From the house he did not help, so Burhan in their free time, he served the boy in the commercial establishments.
Impressionable and inquisitive by nature, he is interested in life, examining what is happening around. Cruelty, deceit and injustice of merchants, clerks powerless position, wealth and poverty of some others are born in it a lot of troubling issues. Trying to understand all this, he reads a lot, met with the progressive intellectuals of Astrakhan, visiting illegal meetings, read revolutionary literature.
Home revolutionary activities Mansurova refers to 1905. He distributed flyers and leaflets among the workers of the Tatar. In 1906, he was 17 years old and he is already involved in issues of underground revolutionary newspaper Uygatu "(Awakening"). This is harassment by the clergy and the police. Leaving madrassas, Mansurov going to steppe areas of the province and is revolutionary propaganda among the Kazakhs, and then returns to the village. But father warily greets the arrival of his son, dressed in European clothes.
Burhan leaves his father's house and arranged a teacher in a school Zemstvo. Soft and good-natured Burhan has to win people. Farmers turned to him as to his person, asked the Board. Mansurov is available to them explaining the reasons for the plight of workers and peasants, urging them to conscious struggle against the landlords and bays, supplying leaflets.
There is in 1907, begins the brutal repression. Friends advised Mansurov escape. He went to Kazan and goes to the Tatar school "Mardzhani". But the study had a short time: for propaganda work among the students he was expelled from school. For a time he works as a teacher in a madrasa in Novotatarskoy Suburb.
By this time, is familiar with the Bolsheviks Burhan Khousainov Yamasheva, Mingazov Konov, etc.. They are waging a propaganda among the Tatar working factories Utyamysheva, Krestovnikov.
His work has not gone unnoticed by the police. In 1908 Mansurov went to Astrakhan, which enters into an underground organization and arranged to work in the legal newspaper "Idel". A year later he was expelled from the newspaper staff for revolutionary article. From that time until 1915 Mansurov toured Astrakhan, Saratov, Petrograd, Tobolsk Province, Akmolinsk obast, a teacher. In 1915-1917 he worked on the construction of the Murmansk railroad, is political agitation.
After the Great October Revolution Mansurov arrives in Petrograd, participates in the organization of the Central Muslim Commissariat, headed by its Division of Labor in. In June 1918 at a meeting of the Communist-Muslim elected to the Central Committee of the Organization. Soon Mansurov is editor of "Communism BAIRAGI" - "Banner of Communism, then editor of" Hurriyat "-" Freedom "and" Kizil Shimal "-" Krasny Sever ". At the same time organizes the Communist faction in the Muslim Commissariat of Petrograd, who was in the hands of polushovinistov, and works against them
. In 1919 he was ordered by the Party Central Committee transferred to Moscow, . where he began editing the central organ of the Communist organization of the East (Kovno) newspaper Eshche ", . is also the chairman of the Communist East section of the Moscow Committee of the RCP (B.) and deputy chairman of the Central Muslim Commissariat in Narkomnats,
All these years he has worked beside such prominent Tatar revolutionaries, as Mullanur Vakhitov, Camille Yakubov, Sahibgarey Said Galiev and others, went along with them the school of revolutionary struggle.
When White units Yudenich marched on Petrograd, Mansurov on the instructions of the Central Bank of Kovno, arrived here to lead the Muslim organizations and the Tatar-Bashkir part.
In November 1919 he attended as a delegate at the II Congress of Communist Organizations of the Peoples of the East. At this congress Mansurov was elected to the Central Bank of Kovno in the RCP (B), and became head of the publishing department. Here it handy knowledge of Kazakh, Arabic, Turkish. Together with Said-Galiyev Mansurov arranged for translation of Marxist literature on the Tatar, Azeri, Persian, Kazakh, Uzbek, etc.. Languages. During the formation of the Tatar ASSR B. Mansurov in the delegation was at the reception of Vladimir Lenin
. After the proclamation of the Tatar Republic Mansurov, he directly participated in the strengthening of Soviet power in the territory of Tatarstan, as well as in the preparation and holding of the constituent congress of Soviets of Workers, Peasants and Red Army Deputies
The congress elected a Central Executive Committee of Tatarstan. At the first meeting TatTsIKa was elected to its Presidency and formed the Government of the Republic of Tatarstan. The first chairman was TatTsIKa Burhan Husnutdinovich Mansurov. In all its activities as he proceeded from the interests of workers.
B. Mansurov was a member of the Central Executive Committee, attended the Congress of Soviets and the Tenth Party Congress. Burhan Husnutdinovich traveled almost all the cantons of the Republic, explaining the new food policy, providing assistance to local authorities. Everyone who worked with Mansurov, said that he was simple, humble, accessible to everyone.
Skillful orator Mansurov was not, but his sharp pen aptly reeked of enemies of the revolution. At the end of June 1921 B. Mansurov, recalled to the apparatus of the Party Central Committee, and then he was appointed editor of the newspaper Igencheler "-" growers ", which was published in Moscow and distributed nationwide. During these years Mansurov cooperating in "Feng HEM din" - "Science and Religion", . is a member of the editorial board of the journals "Yash eshche" - "young worker" and "Kechkene ipteshler" - "Young comrades', . was active in the education of young journalists, . among whom was Musa Jalil,
From March 1934 to August 1937 Mansurov works otvetredaktorom magazine Sugyshchan allasyzlar "-" Godless "often serves as a lecturer and propagandist in the enterprises and institutions in Moscow.
He worked a lot. In 1937, seriously ill, but being a disabled person could not remain aloof from public life. At the beginning of World War II went to Vedoguschensky lespromhoz to get firewood for Moscow. Mansurov died in August 1942.
The life of this remarkable soldier Party-example of great love for people, devotion to the socialist motherland.