Shaimardanov SHAYGARDAN SHAYMARDANOVICH( The CEC Chairman and the Tatar Autonomous Republic of People's Commissars in the 20th years)
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Biography Shaimardanov SHAYGARDAN SHAYMARDANOVICH
Among the leaders of the Party and State have made a great contribution to socialist construction in Tatarstan, a notable place is occupied by C. Shaimardanov, who worked in the 20th years of the Chairman of the CEC and the Tatar Autonomous Republic of People's Commissars.
Born Sh Shaimardanov in September 1890 in the village of Staro Baisarov Menzelinsk County in a poor peasant family. His father in August 1918 shot Whites for their sympathy for the Soviet authorities and his son for belonging to the Bolsheviks. In 1906 Shaimardanov graduated from a rural primary school, he worked in his father's farm, was a "boy" from a dealer, rotten at the fist. In 1911, he called for military service, where he graduated from the training squad and was an artilleryman, gunner.
Discharged in early January 1918, he came to his home village, he was elected a member of the Parish Land Committee and immediately began work to remove the land from the local rich people, the mullahs and fists. In March, he was elected chairman of the village council, directly supervised the distribution of land among peasants, workers. This was the first crop of real owners of land. The treatment plots soldatok, orphans and disabled Shaimardanov organized on a voluntary basis.
In early June 1918 Shaimardanov elected chairman of the executive committee appointed by the Parish Council and parish military commissar. In connection with the approach to the boundaries of the county Menzelinsk White Czechs, he organized a veterans and rural youth and the Red Guard units uchastvut in battles with the enemy.
In November 1918, his recall from the army, he is again becoming a military parish komissaromi elected chairman of the Parish Council. Under his leadership, to mobilize the army, organized the collection and shipment of grain, fodder for the front, Peace life.
In 1919, during the offensive Shaimardanov Kolchak was appointed Chief of the evacuation of all Soviet institutions and organizations Menzelinsk county, and then he went to war with parts of 5-Army of the Eastern Front. Returning after the expulsion of the enemy at the end of October 1919, he again worked as chairman of the executive committee and secretary of the township volkoma RCP (b) in the village Baisarov. Then elected a member of the county executive committee.
In February-March 1920 Shaimardanov involved in the suppression of the kulak and the SR rebellion "Black eagle and the husbandman".
Summer Shaimardanov drawn to the work of the interdepartmental commission on the borders of the Tatar ASSR.
Since May 1921goda to 1924, he directs the party work in the canton Menzelinsk. Soon Sh Shaimardanov vydvint was first to the post of deputy chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, then in December 1924 - Chairman of the TSIK.V September 1927 he became chairman
Tatar Autonomous Republic of People's Commissars. At these high positions pronounced his organizational skills. He did much for the socialist development of our republic, the rise of industry, agriculture, culture and science.
In 1924, Congress passed II Soviet of the USSR, adopted a new Constitution of the multinational Soviet state. The congress was attended Shaimardanov and was elected a member of the CEC SSSR.V years 1928-1930 he worked as an instructor in charge of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b), then a member of the People's Commissariat of the RSFSR. Later, the party sent him to study at the Academy of Foreign Trade. Despite the fact that he entered the academy, with no secondary education, graduated from it in excellent. Then work in "Sovafgantorge, Soviet Ambassador to the People's Republic of Tuva, deputy chairman of the All-Union" Soyuzzagotpushnina ".
Sh Shaimardanov was a delegate to many Congress of Soviets, congresses Tatar ASSR. He participated in the XI-XUI Party congresses and U Congress of Soviets of the USSR.
When it started the training of national personnel and the transfer of proceedings in the native language. Council of the Republic launched work on the cultivation of national personnel, particularly from the workers and peasants. It was formed by a number of educational institutions for accelerated training: Tatar communist university courses at the Central Commission for the implementation of the Tatar language, etc.. With his direct participation was drafted Kontitutsii TASSR and submitted for approval to the supreme bodies of state power. For preliminary consideration of draft constitutions of autonomous republics of the RSFSR and make them for approval of the Central Executive Committee in 1926 formed a special committee g.byla. Since the draft constitution autonomies were presented at different times and work on their editing more complicated, the commission decided to postpone consideration of later projects and have not been approved.
In 1939 he was unjustly repressed. Rehabilitated posthumously. He remained forever in the memory of his countrymen, all those with whom he worked and fought for a brighter future. Composer and poet S. Sadykov M. Nugman lay it on the song "Shaimardanov Commissioner". Decision Aktanysh 11.08.67 Executive Committee of the farm, located in the village Baisarov, named after Sh Shaimardanova. At home he monument