PIR (Pire), George( Belgian priest, humanist Nobel Peace Prize, 1958)
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Biography PIR (Pire), George
February 10, 1910, Mr.. - 30 January 1969
Belgian priest, humanist Georges Charles Clement Ghislain Pire was born in DINAN. He was the eldest of four children of a schoolteacher Georges Feast and Francoise Laurent. The boy was only four years, when the First World War and the Germans invaded Belgium. After my grandfather George was shot by the Germans, the family fled to France and remained there until the end of the war. Back in Dinant in 1918, they found his house burned to the ground.
P. studied philosophy and classical literature at the Collц¬ge de Bellevue before they decided to devote himself to religion. In 1926, Mr.. under the name of Henri-Dominique, he entered a Catholic monastery of La Sarthe in Belgium and six years later gave obet.p. sent to Dominican University in Rome, where he received his doctorate in theology in 1936, two years after he was ordained to the priesthood. Under the name of his father Pir, he studied social sciences at the University of Louvain, and the following year he returned to La Sarthe, where he taught sociology and moral theology.
Having served as the cure for poor farmers in the parish of La Sarthe, P. founded the Society of Family Assistance. P. also took care of urban children, for whom organized suburban camp. During the occupation of Germany in the spring of 1940. these camps have become points of supply for thousands of children.
During the Second World War, the father of P. stayed in Belgium, served as chaplain at the underground, has collaborated with the Belgian intelligence. Helping resistance fighters, P. gave them information about the occupiers, rescuing pilots of the allied armies, shot down over Belgium. P. allied command said the deployment of the German V-1 missiles in the Strait of Dover. After the war, P. was awarded the Belgian Croix de Guerre with palm branches, the Resistance medal with crossed swords, Military Medals and National Medals of Gratitude.
After the war P. organized a camp for children of French and Belgian refugees. Inspired by his speech the American Colonel Edward Skuodrilla, who headed a camp for displaced persons in Austria. Moved by the plight of refugees, P. decided to help them.
In 1949, Mr.. he visited the Austrian camp, inhabited by 60 thousand. Refugees. P. compared them with people, 'sitting on their suitcases waiting for a train that never comes', and tried to overcome the wall of isolation around them. P. persuaded the Belgians to send unhappy letters and parcels.
The next task was the organization of homes for the elderly refugees who were unable to take care of themselves. The first house was opened in Gouy in 1950 and in 1954. - The fourth.
P. believed that the main problem of refugees - 'complete detachment not only from their own country, but also from the world of people in general'. To restore their environment, social structure of P. dreamed of a 'European village', where the displaced persons are gradually would create urban communities. Within three years, P. founded five of these villages (in each of them lived 150 people) in Belgium, Germany, Austria. Created on private donations, the village gradually became self-sufficient, when the refugees began to work. Two villages were named after Fridtjof Nansen, and Albert Schweitzer.
In 1957. P. formed an organization for the displaced and 'European village'. P. contemplating the establishment of six villages in Norway, he wanted to name it in honor of Anne Frank.
The following year, P. was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for, . that has successfully helped 'people to leave their camps and return to the world of freedom and dignity', . especially disabled, . elderly and infirm, . 'which our cruel world can not offer anything', . as the representative of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, Gun-nar Yang.,
. In his Nobel lecture P
. stressed the importance of human involvement - through humanitarian aid. 'We are to love your neighbors as ourselves, - declared the PA - no road to peace rather than one that starts from. islands and oases of personal kindness, their number is gradually increasing, they are joined and eventually opoyashut the whole world '.
After being awarded the Nobel Prize assistance P. refugees increased. The following year he founded the organization of international brotherhood 'heart open to the world', and in 1960. - University for Peace in Gouy. Since then, thousands of people attended the lectures on practical steps to preserve peace. Merit P. is the creation of the World Agency of friendly ties, which ensures the supply of aid to refugees (especially children) in Africa and Asia.
Visit to Pakistan in 1960. suggested P. the idea of so-called 'islands of peace' - rural organizations, consisting of several villages and created with the help of friends from abroad. The first such program was deployed in East Pakistan in 1962
Father P. died after surgery at the Catholic hospital of Louvain January 30, 1969