SöTderblom (Soderblom), Nathan( Swedish archbishop Nobel Peace Prize, 1930)
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Biography SöTderblom (Soderblom), Nathan
January 15, 1866, Mr.. - July 12, 1931
Swedish Archbishop Lars Olof Jonathan SöTderblom Trenet was born in the Province (Helsingland), the family priest Jonas SöTderblom and Sophia Blum. Growing up in a pious family, where the knowledge used by the greatest honor, With. began studying with his father the Latin language in the age of five. Even as a child, he decided to become a priest. Secondary education. got in a small town, then in 1883. enrolled at Uppsala University, where he studied and his father. Here C. he studied Greek, Jewish, Arabic and Latin languages and received a bachelor's degree. This training enabled him to do theology and history of religion in the university theological school.
Adherence With. to ecumenism that distinguished him throughout his life, manifested even in his student years. At the Christian student conference in 1890, in which he participated, with. heard the call for the unity of churches in the world. Excited, he wrote in his diary: 'God, grant me humility and wisdom to serve the great cause of the unity of Thy Church'. Strengthening ecumenism implies overcoming sectarian differences for the sake of the unity of churches, became the task of his life.
After receiving a degree in theology in 1892, with. was ordained pastor of the Lutheran Church. In the same year he published his first book on the theology germanskogo reformer Martin Luther. After serving for some time chaplain to the psychiatric hospital in Uppsala, C. was appointed pastor of the Swedish church in Paris. After its financial position strengthened. In 1897. able to marry a student at Uppsala University Anna Forssell, in their family had 10 children.
With. held in Paris seven years. He visited the eminent arrival of Scandinavian artists, diplomats, businessmen, in t.ch. Alfred Nobel, sacrificed a lot of churches. When 10 December 1896, Mr.. Nobel died in his villa in San Remo (Italy), P. memorial service held. Remembering the Nobel, he talked about his 'powerful intellect, remarkable achievements, the ability to put the forces of nature in the service of humanity'.
After finishing graduate school of theology and religious history at the University of Paris, C. received his doctorate in theology. His thesis was devoted to the idea of an afterlife in the Zoroastrian - Persian religion, which spread in the VI. BC. Soon P. offered the chair of theology at Uppsala University, and in 1901. He returned to Sweden. Inspired by the foreign experience and the liberal theology of the French, C. energetically set to work. He remained at the university until 1914, and in 1912 ... 1914. read the history of religion and even the University of Leipzig.
A gifted scholar and teacher,. prepared at home Theological Renaissance. The students and colleagues, he has stimulated interest in comparative religion, as well as to the life and teachings of Martin Luther. Charisma and strong mind done with. popular not only in the university, where his lectures crowds of students, but also in the church community. Swedish universities took an interest in religion, students even founded a magazine "Our slogan is' ( 'Var Losen') and organized the Center of Christian meetings.
As one of the founders of the Universal World Council of Churches for International Understanding With. preparing its 1914 session. Constance (Germany), but the beginning of World War I forced the delegates to return home. Together with other church leaders with. attempted to organize ecumenical conference in 1917. and again failed, tk. warring countries refused to issue passports arrived only five delegates from neutral countries. Promulgated on their manifesto calling for brotherhood and peace, which was the subject of a follow-up with. Appealing to the 'deep inner unity, which unites all Christians, regardless of national and sectarian differences', the document called on all churches contribute to the elimination of international disputes through negotiation and arbitration.
. After the war
. does not have concerns about ecumenism and the world. Thanks to his energy and growing prestige in Stockholm organized by the Universal Christian Conference of 1925, which was attended by 600 delegates from 37 countries. The Roman Catholic Church refused to take part in it, but representatives of the Russian Orthodox and mainline Protestant churches came. Under the chairmanship of C. Delegates discussed a common ecumenical doctrine, the problem of reconciling the different theological views and achieve world peace. The delegates elected a standing committee for the organization of future meetings. The result was the creation in 1948. World Council of Churches.
To celebrate achievements in promoting peace through religious association with. was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 1930. In his Nobel lecture, he formulated the three problems, . that, . his opinion, . must decide the church in the name of peace: to bring to the consciousness of Christians, . that religion is required to adhere to norms, . law and justice, both from people, . and from the States, to preach the importance of 'supranational legal system' as a means of settling disputes between nations, to transform the armed forces in defense of peace,
. In conclusion, C. announced an ecumenical congress, which was planned for 1935. and was held in London. 'We must fight for peace, against schism, against the madness of terror against hatred and injustice, - spoke to. - Peaceful politics to achieve its goals in the same way in which the kingdom of God will win the hearts of men '. A year after receiving the Nobel Prize with. was invited to lecture in Edinburgh. After the first ten lectures given in May - June, he returned to Sweden. S. died of a heart attack in Uppsala, 12 July 1931