Simon (Simon), Claude( French novelist, Nobel Prize for Literature, 1985)
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Biography Simon (Simon), Claude
genus. October 10, 1913
French novelist Claude Eugö¬ne Henri Simon was born in Tananarive, Madagascar. His father, Louis Antoine Simon, an army officer who served in the French colonial troops and was killed in 1914, at the beginning of World War. Louis Antoine was born in a peasant family in the east of France, and the writer's mother, Suzanne (Denamel) Simon, came from a poor aristocratic family of Rossiglione in the south-east France. Claude's childhood spent in Perpignan, a town on the Spanish border, where he engaged in raising relatives on the maternal line, and above all, his uncle, brother, mother. From 7 to 16 years, Claude studied at the College Stanislas in Paris, where he enthusiastically played rugby and painted.
In the prewar years, with. studied painting with Andre Lot in Paris and traveling through Europe and the Soviet Union, and from 1934 to 1935. served in the 31 th Dragoon Regiment of the French Army. During the civil war in Spain. going there as a volunteer, but eventually disappointed in the republican movement.
In 1939, when the second World War, with. returned to the regiment of dragoons, and, like his father, becoming a cavalry officer, and then Brigadier. He participates in May 1940. at the Battle of the Meuse, miraculously still alive, is taken prisoner, first in a concentration camp under Mö+hlberg in Saxony, and then in a POW camp in France, escapes, is involved in the resistance movement in Perpignan. After the war. returned to Paris in 1951. marries Yvonne Dyusing. Since the early 50-ies. writer lives, or in his Paris apartment in the Latin Quarter, or the estate near the village of Salsa, to the north of Perpignan, in the eastern Pyrenees. In 1978. S. married CEA Caravan, Greek girl.
Literary work with. began even before the war, and his first novel, 'Schuler' ( 'Le Tricheur') concluded, when he participated in the Resistance in Perpignan. 'Schuler' was published in 1945, at the very end of the war, and received mixed ratings. In the early works of the writer - his autobiographical novel 'The strained string' ( 'La Corde raide', . 1947), . 'Gulliver' ( 'Gulliver', . 1952), . "Spring" ordained " '(' Le Sacre du printemps', . 1954), . 'Wind' ( 'Le Vent', . 1957) - the influence of such writers, . as Faulkner, . Proust, . Conrad, . Dostoevsky,
. In his first literary experiments also noticed interest in time, memory, order and chaos, the desire for associativity and broken tracks, so characteristic of his later books. Great importance for C. had the council of the French artist Raoul Dufy, with whom he met during the war. In one of his interviews with. Dufy recalled the words: 'You must be able to donate a painting, which I want to write, for the sake of the picture, you should write'. S. was faithful to this covenant for all the creative ways in an effort sosdat novel, which 'should write'. The writer bases his work on the laws of 'collage', where all the events and experiences, both on an artistic canvas, are located on one level, it is also interested in issues related to the philosophy of perception.
In 1960, Mr.. S. signed a 'Declaration 121', the manifesto of French intellectuals supporting the movement for the independence of Algeria. Roman 'Roads of Flanders' ( 'La Route des Flandres'), published in the same year, brought with. Prize of the journal 'Express' for 1961. In the novel, the protagonist of which George, as the author is engaged in the battle of the Meuse, transmitted memories and impressions of wartime. American researcher Karen Gold special stops at the 'microcosm' life experience of George, but notes a truly universal breadth of his associations. 'This is not a person - Gold wrote - as the archetype'. In 'The road of Flanders' noticeable gap between the events and words, they describe. In the novel, 'History' ( 'Histoire', 1967), an award-winning 'Medici, embodied formalist credo S.: write a book' as a picture, because every picture - this is primarily Arrangement '.
. Novel 'The Battle of Pharsalus' ( 'La Bataille de Pharsale') was released in 1969
. After the colloquium Sarizi on 'new novel' (1971) French criticism is less interested in the mythical associations with books. and more - semiotic analysis of the text, emphasizes the importance of word play in the novels of the writer, the text is perceived as a sign system. Critic Jean Ricardo, one of the leading experts 'new novel' implies that the 'Battle of Pharsalus' anagrammatical should be taken as a 'battle phrases' - in the sense that every story - a kind of 'verbal adventure'.
. In 1973, Mr.
. S. was awarded the honorary degree University of East Anglia. In the same year he published 'Triptych' ( 'Triptych') - a novel 'with a pronounced erotic orientation', according to English translator and researcher John Fletcher, who noted the tragic erotica writer's works. In this experimental novel, intertwining three closely interrelated and reflected in each other the story of love and death. Next novel S., 'The lesson of things' ( 'Lecon de choses', 1975), is encrypted more. Using the experimental composition, the writer gives a series of encrypted images, which in turn give rise to complex linguistic range. From the perspective of the critic, Franö¬ois Jost, the novel is 'the experience of textual reproduction'.
In the novel 'Georgics' ( 'Les Ceorgiques', 1981) From. departs from his previous books of the experiment. In addition to clearly show through in the 'Georgica' autobiographical motives behind, however, the basis of all the novels of the writer, the English critic Alistair Duncan also drew attention to 'the ratio of traditional and innovative techniques. "
In 1985, Mr.. S. was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature 'for the combination of his creative poetic and picturesque started', as well as 'understanding of the role of time in the image of man'. Representatives of the Swedish Academy noted that pessimism S., his tragic view of history 'is combined with devotion to his duties, to the heritage and traditions ... In narrative art. - It is something unconscious, something that lives inside of us, regardless of the cruelty and absurdity of existence '.
In his Nobel lecture with. said: 'No one ever writes about, . what happens before the start of the creative process, . all suggest, . what happens during this process, . present, . and is the result not just a conflict between plans and language, . the contrary - symbiosis, . therefore something is born, . incomparably richer ..,
. So, - continued the writer, - does not prove, but it shows, not to recreate, and create, not to express, and open ... The novel, like the music - is not playing the theme, and the expression of harmony '.
Researcher Jean Dyuffi considers art with. revolutionary, absorbing traditional techniques, transforming the literary and linguistic norms that convey the meaning of life in an updated narrative form.