Margaret Thatcher( Prime Minister of Great Britain.)
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Biography Margaret Thatcher
Iron Lady was the imperious woman in the world within ten years. Margaret Thatcher was a strong but fair, able to show stubbornness, but also enter into the position of the enemy, an ambitious but deadpan, and cold-blooded. Thatcher has reached a pinnacle of power elite, focused on male supremacy, and has achieved this only spent all their life of purpose and control. Its slow, small steps, the ascent to the pinnacle of power started from among the poor class of England, is the beginning of the unthinkable in order to achieve such a lofty goal. She made the impossible: a daughter, unassuming shop owner, was brought up in the house even without the internal plumbing, had the temerity to intrude in a secure fortress of male power and become prime minister of Great Britain.
. Discernment and focus on goals helped Thatcher's rise to leadership in the British Tory (Conservative), . and her determination and ambition allowed to stay in power longer, . than any other British leader of the twentieth century,
. Becoming the first woman prime minister of Britain, . Thatcher, . as expected, . has not too much, . ever meeting on the way and blocking barriers, . - A common set of resistance to any female leader, . penetrated into the traditionally male bastion of power,
. But it soon turned out, Thatcher, creatively using the legislation has more than three of its former predecessor combined. She rotated the steering wheel of a sinking ship of state of the economy faster and more efficiently than they could have imagined any of its supporters or opponents. She was able to do so, relying on the unshakable belief in himself, in his ability to see - what is the truth and the good. Lady Thatcher (she was "knighted" in 1993) left an indelible mark in the history of his country and influenced the thinking of the whole of British society, . but, . maybe, . the greatest legacy she left for aspiring young women leaders, . wishing to follow in her footsteps.,
. Margaret Thatcher came to power with a philosophy based on the condemnation of the government, and rigidly pragmatic attitude to current events
. These unique qualities it is armed to drag myself to the tedious and limited by small concessions to the political system of the car. Most have long been appointed bureaucrats hated her, but also feared. And this they were the reasons. Iron Lady was not going to beat around the bush and do something carelessly. She dared to be unlike any other, because even my father instilled in her every day to drop the belief that everything would be fine if it is "not like". Her father, Alfred Roberts, a businessman who became a preacher and local politicians, inspired his daughter the doctrine of independence. He kept saying every day, that "different" run by human beings, and "parasites" in all of them follow. He urged her to "never follow the crowd and keep it for themselves". Young Margaret FORCE wise precept father and became the leader, whom the world will not soon forget. Thatcher - is an excellent model of "female leader" for all young women, wherever they may be. She broke that the traditional framework, which is long overdue break. This indomitable lady, always guided by the motto: "The purpose and direction", . and now in every classroom of any school can be heard saying: "Yes, . Virginie, . course, . You can try to position the Prime Minister (or President), . because something similar has already made Margaret Thatcher! ",
. PERSONAL HISTORY OF LIFE
. Margaret Roberts was born just above the warehouse of a grocery store in Grentheme, England, directly north of London, 13 October 1925
. Grenthem was also home to another famous Englishman, Sir Isaac Newton. Roberts lived a harsh life of the "no frills": no garden, no running water and no toilet inside. Margaret was the second daughter of a pious father, Alfred, and moonlighting as a seamstress mother, Beatrice. From early infancy Margaret was adored by his father, who was trying to realize their own ambitions, realizing them in his talented daughter. Margaret was in many ways similar to his father, while her sister, Muriel (four years older than Margaret), more like a mother. Consequently, Alfred, businessman, consultant and calling as appropriate Methodist Protestant, Margaret adored her and made every effort to fashion from it the ideal. He let her know what she could impel attention than ever she wanted to do and places no limits due to her gender. Beatrice Roberts was a model housewife and did not have any impact on the upbringing of Margaret.
. Alfred Roberts was only a primary education, and could therefore admire the fact that Margaret listens to his every word
. He was a tireless reader, and continually sought to enhance their knowledge - a character trait that he will give his daughter. They will still go to the library together and choose two books a week to read one by one. Subconsciously, he sought to form a semblance of her son, who never had, and at the same time, a woman who will "lead, not follow". He is day to day inspired her with the dignity of hard work on himself and the Victorian honesty. Roberts has never recognized the words like "I can not" or "It's too hard" Margaret adored him and for many years remembered his instructions: "You yourself create your own mind. Never does anything just for the reason that so do your friends. Never follow the crowd just because you're afraid to look unlike. Lead the crowd behind him, but never follows it "(Murray, 1980).
Roberts inspired his daughter, that being "different" does not necessarily mean all the difference, but this margin opportunities Rights. This is a positive character trait, which almost always leads the other in admiration. These councils in childhood gave good fruit grown, Margaret, being necessary tool when she began working in a man's world, where you never set foot woman. She had to stay in the new and "different" environment, territory, unknown for a woman struggling to survive in a world of men. She is well educated, was an insatiable reader and a very active athlete in the competition. Headmistress of the school "just for girls" in Grentheme said: "She was a teenager was a wonderful speaker". The former classmate recalled: "She was a bright, studious and serious, even in the age of five."
It is five years, Margaret began taking piano lessons, but in the age of nine was able to win in poetry contest. At that Thatcher, in his indomitable style said: "It was not luck, it was the merit". From birth inveterate argumentative, Margaret was a permanent member of a panel of their school. She was also the youngest captain of the school's hockey team. According to Margaret Goodrich closest childhood friend, she was an excellent student. Goodrich adds: "She knew how to correctly use words in an age when most of her school friends and girlfriends off with interjections". Margaret has always been a sense that her father "knew" everything, and she went with him to ten years old at the board meeting, which acquired a taste for theatrics or political zinger. Roberts became mayor Grenthema at a time when Margaret was studying in high school that a child taught her to understand the nuances of political leadership.
Margaret was a serious and lonely child. She never went to the cinema or a dance, because it is a luxury not welcomed in the household Roberts, in accordance with the dogmatic religious beliefs of her father. Her work at the family store store introduced her to the basics of business and entrepreneurship. One of the earliest examples of her dedication and perseverance, we can see, when it took four years to study the Latin language, to be eligible for a scholarship to Somerville College, in the best women's college in Oxford. She crammed four years, all of these conjugation and declension, but received a partial scholarship to Somerville. Until the proceeds in Oxford, she still has never been at the dance, she lived in the same strict style of the future sverhpobeditelya in accordance with the requirements of his beloved father.
Ambitions Margaret Thatcher began to appear in Somerville. Friend and roommate, recalls: "Her ambition was limitless. Jumps up at half past six, something to learn, and the house is all dark, horror ". In the second year without a memory of Thatcher fell in love with the son of the Count, but was rudely rejected by his mother, which did not suit the daughter of a grocer. Political debates were the only activity that goes beyond the curriculum, in which she participated in the College. At Oxford University, she joined the Conservative Association, which saw an opportunity to be elected the first president-a woman in 1946.
. Thatcher graduated with a Bachelor of Science in Chemistry in 1947 and went to work as a researcher, conducting chemical studies of celluloid plastics in Menningtone, Essex
. Her next move on the work already been agreed - study sintering fillers "J. R. Lions "in Hammervorte in London. She - the only prime minister in British history, having higher education in the natural sciences. Her career was brief, a chemist, since the heart belonged to politics and law. It changed the workplace in "Lions", to be closer to potential political seat, the path to which, perhaps, began in Dartford, Kent. Huge working-class district was impossible to get around, but the tireless Thatcher is not kept. Thatcher has spent nearly three years in this intermediate position in the industry, using its chemical education, and for the soul "began to prepare for a degree in jurisprudence. Her marriage to Denis Thatcher in 1951 allowed her to go to law school. She received a law degree in 1953 and within five years worked as a lawyer. An interesting fact in formal education Thatcher is that she always attended the school "just for girls, from kindergarten to college Somerville, and she never had to fight for the attention of students, boys. Ironically, she later wrested power from the men in their favor, and never feared, confronting them in Parliament or in other situations, the government. Obviously, her female role models at school encouraged her to compete with men, instead of seeking their approval. It may also be the reason that makes its way completely unique and makes the power of politicians of the world to see that it is "more men than women.
. Later, Thatcher characterize our way of thinking as a result of its diverse education
. First, she describes herself as a research scientist, because in science "you are looking at the facts and make their own conclusions". Then she became a lawyer, but the law looks much different: "By studying the law, you are studying the structure ... Your understanding of some process, and then, if the laws are inadequate for a modern society, you create new laws ". She became an expert on taxes - very unusual occupation for a woman in her time. But Thatcher is not constrained prejudice that prevails in that a male bastion of power. Thatcher explained his interest in the tax laws as follows: "I am very keenly interested in the financial side of politics, and therefore engage in legitimate revenue side". All this was necessary for her upbringing as a future policy, because now she was familiar with business, law, taxes and scientific processes.
. PROFESSIONAL CAREER
. Margaret Thatcher was a young graduate college graduate, working research chemist, when it decided to try to get into parliament from the Conservative Party, Dartford, Kent, in 1948
. Dartford chairman asked: "Are you, . will display zhenschinuN About, . no! But not a woman! Dartford - Industrial District. "The spirit of ambition and the indomitable Margaret Thatcher gave her the courage to be in the age-old the youngest candidate and the only woman to participate in national governance in the year,
. She had no chance to win: The Labor Party had a majority of twenty thousand votes. That does not stop Margaret Thatcher from leaving the work in the company's plastics and moved to Dartford County to be closer to the place to which she passionately sought. After the campaign and work for twenty hours a day for six months, she still failed. Politicians comment on the incident: "She was a fantastic bunch of energy". Late one evening during the election campaign one of the supporters offered her a ride to the station, and she agreed. This party colleagues was Denis Thatcher, divorced industrialist. An innocent trip to the station marked the beginning of the two novel, which culminated in the end their marriage. Although Thatcher lost the elections in Dartford, she led members of the Conservative Party, noted that she received 36 percent of ballots in elections where, as expected, was not to have scored even 20.
. Thatcher took a timeout in their political aspirations for marriage, family and five years was engaged in the legal profession
. She gave birth to twins, calling them Carol and Mark (in 1953), and within four months passed the exam for the Bar. Thatcher, specializing in patent and tax law until 1961. In 1959, she again began the race for a seat in parliament in a wealthy suburb of London, known as Finchley. Thatcher won a place in the age of thirty-three, having won his way to a career because of his oratorical gift, charmed voters. This ambitious woman had already spent many years in the role of a research chemist, patent attorney and tax law, a mother of two twins and the wife of an industrialist.
. In 1961, Prime Minister Harold McMillan noted the diverse abilities Thatcher appointed her as joint parliamentary secretary to the Ministry of Pensions and National Insurance
. Edward Heath was its leader in 1967 (which does not put him later to become her bitter enemy). He chose her as a leading member of the Conservative Party in the shadow of his government (cabinet of the Party out of power). Thatcher was then named minister of the Shadow of gas, electricity and nuclear energy, and a little later the Minister of Transport, Education and Science. Credentials Thatcher with the diplomas of education in chemistry and law gave her good support for this choice, . but it speaking skills, . attitude to work and honesty, drove Heath to note her as a woman of huge potential,
. When Heath was elected Prime Minister in 1970, Thatcher became the only female member of his cabinet, appointed by the Secretary for Education and Science.
. The first step to winning national recognition was the decision to cancel the program Thatcher free milk for children
. She decided to reform the system of social benefits, save money by redistributing the amount intended for the distribution of school milk programs, the teachers themselves. She always felt that the "welfare state" is the main source of social problems, and her business insights gave her a lot of trouble with the Left politicians. Less educated members of the opposition threw at it in the parliament with cries of: "Thatcher milk-thief!" and "In the ditch fool!". "London Sun Times" fired her in headlines such as "most unpopular woman in Britain". People on the street became known as Thatcher's "bloody woman". Thatcher's decision to transform the system of social benefits was almost fatal to its further growth. Reduce the cost of 4 million pounds looked like the collapse of her career in politics. Always strongly and unwaveringly strong-willed lady vowed: "I'm not going to be defeated". This obstacle inspired her as a supporter of beliefs even stronger desire to fight to the end. It is sharp speeches defending his decision and ignored the negative pressure, which eventually shifted to other, lighter opponents.
. Striking miners and the enormous power of trade union squeezed as the British economy in the grip of the early seventies
. Heath government capitulated to the constant threat of union strikes and demands of striking miners. The credibility of the Conservative Party and its leaders have not materialized, which led Heath to resign in March 1974, and eventually led to the leadership of the Labor Party. Eleven months later, Heath was removed from the leadership of the Party. The party was in a chaotic state, without having the slightest intelligible plan how to overcome the crisis in government. None of the men lacked the courage to step forward, so that the Margaret Thatcher easily seized the initiative and put his candidacy to become the first woman in history, capable of leading the party. In February 1975 Margaret Thatcher became the first woman to pass by the leadership was ready to any party in England. She vigorously campaigned against the "welfare state" and vowed gradually smooth out the struggle for power between the Labor Party and the Government. "Uzakonte right to preserve what's left!" - Became one of its appeals for unity. In June 1975 she spoke at the National Executive Committee of the union: "Too few rich and too little profit, and in October, argued even more clearly:" The road to recovery is through profits ". Finally, . in a speech on television "Thames" in April 1979, . Thatcher makes a deadly volley at unions, . which was supposed to be a prelude to its future regime: "In this country there are people, . which can and should be called the great destroyers, they dream to destroy the essence of a free society, . we have,
. Many of these destroyers are in the unions.
During the four years after its ascent to power of Thatcher was the leader of the minority party, while Harold Wilson and James Callaghan led the Labor Party. Labor government becomes impotent, while the trade unions became omnipotent. "Winter of discontent" in 1979 became a nightmare "strike madness" when any unions, which only you can imagine, ranging from garbage collectors and the gravediggers to school teachers and hospital nurses, went on strike. By March 1979 the British public to the fact that only could get from running the country the traditional political leaders and trade unions. England has witnessed a steep decline in the economy and the loss of influence in the world in comparison with the beginning of the century. In 1900, England managed 450 million people, which at that time amounted to 25 per cent of the world population.
By 1979, Mr.. country has lost a power base and close to economic collapse, with no single person ready, willing or able to become the leader of the country, being in chaos. Thatcher was never one of those who turn away from the head of a great appeal. Among other things, she was fearless. Political commentator Paul Johnson said at the time: "Even the most poisonous of its opponents would have to admit that she has huge reserves of generosity in the true spirit of cherchillianskom". Lord Pennel said in a typically British style chauvinist: "Only she was the only man brave enough and ready to lead the management". In May 1979, Margaret Thatcher was elected Prime Minister of Great Britain for five years, 43.9 percent of the vote typing. "Either they, or we" - that was not refined its approach to the adoption of new members to the party or its direct management team. She could just ask: "He is one of nasN" And if the answer was negative, the applicant deviated from its membership in the team.
Thatcher has always been irrepressible optimist, is deeply convinced that he knows where to go. Her honesty was inspired and updated voters, who themselves did not possess such direct honesty. One author of political biographies, which was not one of her energetic admirers, wrote about it as follows: "Her whole style is based on dominance. None of her colleagues still never faced a more solid, even imperious leader. It was noticeable that it is a constant style of doing things, and it became even more apparent when, after losing the men in the election campaign in 1975, she was forced to slow and hard to climb to new heights over them. With its ability to deal in facts and figures and the constant fear of losing a strong argument, she seemed so confident that no one had not occurred to suggest that there lurks such uncertainty, which is difficult even to imagine. Confidence was a reliable help ... Were her supporters and opponents were, it was not only indifferent "(Yash, 1989).
So, the woman "hopelessly middle class" at the age of fifty-three years is finally Prime Minister. This indomitable personality has survived many battles on his way to the top of his party. Now Thatcher gained a real opportunity to lead the nation and finally carry out his plans for the benefit of Great Britain. Bureaucrats were its sworn enemies, and now she was going to be their biggest headache. Her leadership erupt in a speech in Parliament, in which she gave them to understand what needs to happen soon. She knew all that was necessary to prepare, and it was prepared to undertake drastic changes harshly with confidence autocratic leader. She borrowed a quote from a speech by Abraham Lincoln, to emphasize his attitude to Parliament in 1979: "You can not strengthen the weak by weakening the strong ... You can not help the poor by destroying the rich .... You can not help people, always doing for them what they could and should do for themselves. "
Thatcher has kept its word. A month after taking office, she clipped a higher tax rate on labor income from 83 percent to 60 percent and reduced the maximum tax rate on unearned income from 90 percent to 75 percent. She raised the value added tax, removing restrictions on foreign exchange control and renounced the legislative regulation of wages and prices. For Thatcher, the biggest and most important source was to be the sale of government-owned enterprises and public buildings for people. The purpose of these changes was to encourage an increase in property and business development. Within a year, most Englishmen were convinced that the popularity of Margaret Thatcher will go down to zero, it proslyvet the worst prime minister in British history. But she knew better what to do. This strong and confident woman is not going to capitulate to vseotritsayuschimi fools or bureaucrats, because she took out the courage to follow their beliefs. Everything always know which side is Thatcher on any issue, and "Thatcherism", everything else, meant a platform that was absolutely clear to her supporters and opponents are equally. Thatcher never pulled a rubber when discussing controversial issues, . what, . apparently, . explains, . why it was eventually elected to three full terms for governance, . and, . course, . it will be one of the greatest prime ministers in British history.,
. Examples of straightness Thatcher visible in every aspect of her leadership
. With regard to her sex, she told "Daily Mirror" (March 1980): "I try not to notice that I - a woman. I look at myself as a prime minister. "With regard to feminism:" Feminists have become much more creaky and damaged the woman question, what only could, shouting us that, God forbid, something we could not do. "(" Times , May 1978). And in 1984, Thatcher said in an interview with "Times": "People who come prepared to take the lives of other people, lose the right to their own lives". With regard to his relationship to the work: "I never slept more than four or five hours a day. Anyway, my life - it's my job. Some people work to live. I live to work "(" Daily Mail ", February 1985). In 1993, she said: "I often sleep only half an hour, preferring to sacrifice sleep time to have a decent haircut."
. Thatcher is very well understood the essence of free enterprise, and that allows him to develop. And how is the Iron Lady was not able to get rid of their goals can be seen from the fact that she told the Conservative Party Conference in October 1980: "We will not deviate from our course. It, . who are waiting with bated breath to hear any words from the media about the rotation policy to 180 degrees, . I can only say: "Turn around themselves, . if you so wish, . Lady and not turn! "Never Thatcher is not shifting and not let the panic-mongers with their feverish efforts to interfere with her to revive England as a great nation,
. Thatcher's political philosophy with success based on its often repeated refrain: "Rigid Create your course in life, follow it honestly and you will have to wait for success."
. Many prominent figures in the party Thatcher could say with confidence: "Among politicians, there is no one else to whom I would entrust with less risk"
. Airi NILU, former head of Margaret Thatcher, said: "Personal courage - that's what has always been its essential dignity". Others were not so kind to her. "Economist", commenting on her ascension to the leadership of the party in 1975, said: "Her victory could remove the Conservative Party in opposition for twenty years ahead". The magazine was wrong, as were wrong, many opponents of Thatcher in the intense years. French President Giscard d'Estaing said: "I do not find it agreeable;. It is not like any man, nor a woman ". Having in mind and analyzing only its successful endeavor, swung to the revival of Britain's crumbling, Giscard d'Estaing was, of course, correct in his assessment of the Iron Lady. It was better than most men who preceded her, and she was different from any other women who have ever reached the highest position in England. Course, . was the creative genius of the first order, . nurtured by its ability to impose restrictions on the personal interests, . use them, . as quickly as possible to climb on top and stay there to make possible a longer period of time,
. She - the quintessence of success, a role model for women everywhere who seek to break "through thorns to the stars", to take the upper limit.
Thatcher went to the post, as well as entered into it, with the great scandal. Its intransigence in the discussion of controversial issues caused terrible stress in 1990. It is proposed to introduce a "poll tax" (a rather discriminatory tax on the working classes), which would be levied equally all citizens - a very unpopular thing. Then Thatcher led this rebellion in the ranks of his own party opposed to the full participation of Britain in the European monetary system (planned to introduce a common currency throughout Europe). Thatcher was forced to resign as party leader (and hence as prime minister) in November 1990. Her place was taken by the Minister of Finance, John Meydzher. Thus, Margaret Thatcher ruled the country since May 1979 and became the most dolgoprebyvayuschim power by the British Prime Minister of the twentieth century
Russian gave her a great favor by inventing a nickname - the Iron Lady. In some respects, it was more sharply in the sense of respect, but on the other hand looked positively, because he gave her a powerful image needed to guide voters who doubt in situations where the woman behind the wheel. Most women leaders constantly are faced with a similar image problem. They are forced to endure the influence of the traditional representations of women as a weakness in the face of any strong opposition. By tradition, it is not anticipated that women will engage in combat with an active adversary, if faced with a serious threat or intimidation. It is not necessary, there are no guarantees, but in the case of Thatcher, it was very far from reality. Thatcher liked to fight and was so ambitious that it irritated her opponents, especially men, who could not imagine such a strong determination in women. Thatcher, embarrassed and frightened men of his steadfastness in matters in which she was convinced she was right. Here's what she says about it: "I'm not hard, I'm appallingly soft. For I never give myself baiting. I am impatient, feel like. someone wants to send me anywhere against my will ..... I - the leader of the pack. But what is this. leader if he does not pack for soboyN course, they are behind me. If they were in front of me, they, and would. leaders "(British television, 1980).
Thatcher never shied away and did not give up in various discussions. The personal trait of character made her indomitable figure who stood out strength of character and determination, so wonderful and necessary qualities of character for any great leader of either sex. This behavior can cause different emotions in her electorate, and a strong hatred of its enemies. R. K. Longworth ( "Chicago Tribune", 1989) describes Margaret Thatcher as follows: "Perhaps, it's the most delightful, hateful, charming, boring, radical and conservative leader in the Western world". The Queen Mother made this a straight woman, one of the most original of compliments: "Margaret Thatcher looks you straight in the eye. Not many are able to do so, especially when talking with a special royal lineage.
. The former head of Margaret Thatcher said: "Her ambition was limitless, and the most ardent admirers of Margaret Thatcher constantly and persistently urged her to" relax and take a more flexible "
. It was intense, strong and fearless. Even her father said: "Margaret - at 99.5 per cent perfect. The remaining 0.5 per cent - is that it might have, whether it is just a little warmer ". Intensity Thatcher generated by the energy which impels it to the goal, exceeding all limits set by normal people. She - a workaholic, who finished off their opponents of unrestrained force fervent energy. Thatcher acknowledged in many ways similar to truthful representation of his attitude to work in an interview with "Sunday Daily Mail": "Some people work to live. I live to work. "
An example of tenacity and fearlessness Thatcher has been demonstrated its aggressive stance during the Argentine invasion of the Falkland Islands in only the second year of her reign. These islands are located at 8000 miles from England with a population of not more than 1,300 British subjects, with their 650,000 sheep and ten million penguins. According to most leaders, it was not a sufficient reason to risk their careers and lives of 250 soldiers. Argentina sent a landing on the island, . counting on the fact, . that the new Prime Minister, . female, . taken by management in crisis countries thousands of miles from the place of battle, . not dare to risk everything for the sake of some remote islands in the South Atlantic,
. Many comrades in the party considered insane if Thatcher would risk so much for such a trifle. It even prompted the press to print: "Thatcher - crazy. She imagines that she - an amazing woman ". How they were wrong! Thatcher did not object to that imposed on her the title "amazing woman" and without a shadow of uncertainty sent ninety-eight ships with eight thousand soldiers in the critical region. This was the principle asserts that "aggression must not be tolerated at any level". Its strength, ambition and honesty have risen in the eyes of voters and turned an impending catastrophe in the stunning victory.
. When reporters asked Thatcher, that she was going to do in case of failure, she snapped: "Even NeudachaN not think about it, failure is impossible"
. A week later, Thatcher decided to write up what has been said and referred reporters: "We knew that had to do, so we went for it and done it". Then she said in an interview with "World This Weekend": "Bully never have any respect for weakness. The only way to stop bullies - this is not to be very weak ". Regarding the problems of legality and public order of the Iron Lady said: "People who come prepared to take the lives of other people, lose the right to their own lives". Success at the Falkland Islands offer her a landslide victory in 1984, which guaranteed her six years of rule by Britain.
. Between family and career
. During the marriage, the man already had experience of family life, ten years older than Margaret Thatcher, allowed her to devote the necessary time to obtain a law degree, and then concentrate on life in politics
. Dennis was the owner of his own well-established production of paints and financed her education at the school of jurisprudence. Thatcher became pregnant and gave birth to twins, Carol and Mark, in August 1953, as it should be respectable British housewife and mother. But this was not destined to last long. Four months after the birth Thatcher decided to take the bar. A little later, when the twins had been almost a year old, she began to engage in jurisprudence. When he was six years old, she decided to participate in the electoral race for Parliament. Thatcher won the election and gained a place in government, when she was thirty-four years, and since then has never left the job, requiring all of its time. Margaret did away with the practice of law in 1961, becoming constantly busy politician, as well as wife and mother, part-time, part-time working week.
. Thatcher wanted to have a family and career, and therefore had both
. However, this has required many of its effort and sacrifice: this double responsibility at times brought the white-hot, and children often spend more time with nurses than with their mother. One very long time close friend of the family said: "Margaret Thatcher - an incredibly successful politician, but a bad mother, and she understands it."
. Thatcher once said "Daily Telegraph" in 1968: "If we can not afford to have a permanent home help, I'll have to leave tomorrow with my career"
. She was lucky to be financially independent, to pay third-party helpers, balancing career and family. She said "Cosmopolitan" in 1983: "I hope that in future we will see more and more women combining marriage and career. Prejudice against such a dual role comes not only from men. Much more often, unfortunately, it comes from representatives of our own same sex. You can in fact continue to work, then take a short holiday, when the expected addition of the family, and then again to return to work ". Thatcher was able to combine both family and work. She paid a high price, but a living example of what a woman can reach the top, while not necessarily sacrificing their maternal instincts for the sake of career.
. Margaret Thatcher reached the top thanks to his unflinching spirit and an ambitious commitment to be the best
. She had incredible energy. School friend Margaret Uikstid said: "I never met anybody else with such a boundless capacity for work, like Margaret". It was a classic sverhpobeditelem, according to Chris Ogden, her biographer, who recalled that the first address to Parliament, Margaret Thatcher "sounded so vigorously, with such passion that the Congress fell into stunned silence". In defense of its own competitiveness and capitalism in general, she said: "Competition is about people much better than monopoly. Her indomitable spirit and courage is best illustrated, . citing its own approval, . biographer Patricia Murray (1980), . when the question: "Are you afraid of something konkretnoN", . Thatcher and his unswerving honesty replied: "I can not think about it at all ..,
. I'm not afraid of flying on a plane, hospitals ... death ... No, I really can not think of anything so general ". She told an audience of American television in December 1993: "Believe me, you can set aside for sleep four o'clock at night and it will not bring you any painful results. Sometimes I slept only a half hour a day ". This woman was indeed the Iron Lady with the appropriate force of will I have the ability to concentrate all the energy and strength of character that made her one of the truly great creative geniuses of our time.
. Iron Lady started its life in a house without running water and finished it in the house 10 Downing Street, with nothing except a certain intention and innate oratorical gifts
. Thatcher liked to quote Sophocles: "It is one time to put women on equal terms with men, as she begins to excel". According to many political figures in the world, it is certainly living proof of the correctness of the aphorism. Thatcher led the government when the country was in a difficult situation on the brink of disaster. "Thatcherism" - its heritage. It describes the principles and philosophical approach to "popular capitalism". She put into practice his philosophy of "Thatcherism" a tough, but feasible strategies. Thatcher sold for 30 billion shares of British Telecommunications, British Airways, Rolls-Royce and other nationalized enterprises to private individuals. Then she gave a lot of energy to weaning the government from being in business and returned many workers of their own homes. Her Government had decided to sell over one million units of public buildings, residents in the mid-eighties, . thus raising the total number of British homeowners from 52 percent to 66 percent (only 63, . 9 percent of Americans had their own tenure in 1988),
. Thatcher brought inflation under tight control, sharply limited the power of trade unions and improved economic growth, having achieved their higher level than it was ten years earlier.
. Thatcher has made friends and allies of Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan
. She became world-famous woman, engaged in public administration, which was able to compete with any other representative of the authorities. Thatcher left his post in 1990, surrounded by universal respect, and she deserved it. She was a woman who possesses the most powerful power in the world thanks to a titanic effort and a decent respect to labor, its unshakeable integrity, as well as the spirit of ambition and the wonderful gift of public speaking. When she was asked about the origins of her success, she paid tribute to his father. When I took office in 1979, she said: "All that I know and have, I owe only my father. He taught me that before in something to believe in the need to thoroughly understand. And then you'll use it safely. And what chance would you then not met, you will not need to go with them to compromise ". Constant care of her father, along with examples to be followed within fifteen years of training in institutions "only for girls," imprinted in the soul of Thatcher's idea of itself, which was later confirmed in reality. She never had to compete with men in school and it never occurred to seek approval from men as a prerequisite for success.
. During the election campaign in 1979 Margaret Thatcher promised to reduce inflation, . limit the power of trade unions, . create a new industry and commerce, . restore prosperity and radically transform the social welfare system in Britain, . dismantling the welfare State ",
. She has fulfilled all these promises, reaching the goal with the elegance and splendor. You can bet that England were very lucky with this strong and strong-willed woman who had high dreams and never let anything or anyone stop her realize