Baturskiy Boris Solomonovich( During the First World War, a member of the Organizing Committee of Russia of the Social-Democratic Labor Party)
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Biography Baturskiy Boris Solomonovich
(1 January 1879 - December 5, 1920)
During the First World War, a member of the Organizing Committee of Russia of the Social-Democratic Labor Party, wavered between defencism and internationalism. Participated in the preparation of draft resolutions on the labor question, made the All-Russia Conference of Soviets of Workers 'and Soldiers' Deputies. By the October Revolution reacted negatively, considering it a criminal adventure.
Baturskiy Boris Solomonovich (real name Tsetlin, according to other sources, Zeitlin) (1 January 1879 - December 5, 1920, Vitebsk). From the middle class. Revolutionary activity began in 1890. Vitebsk. From 1897 he studied at the natural faculty of Moscow University (in 1911 he graduated from the Faculty of Law). In 1901, he entered the Editor illegal Social-Democratic newspaper "Southern Work". In 1903 was sent to Eastern Siberia, returning in 1905, joined the Mensheviks. The delegate from Ekaterinoslav Party Committee on the 4-m (Unity) Congress RSDLP (1906). During the reaction of "liquidator", worked in the legal workers' organizations and insurance societies, organized health insurance companies. Collaborated in the magazine "Ray", founded the magazine "insurance job". Minuteman Russia unionism. Repeatedly been arrested. During the First World War, a member of the Organizing Committee of Russia of the Social-Democratic Labor Party, wavered between defencism and internationalism.
. During the February Revolution of 1917 came on February 28 at the Executive Committee of the Petrograd Soviet of Workers 'and Soldiers' Deputies as a representative of the Organizing Committee of Russia of the Social-Democratic Labor Party, by proclamation OK RSDLP
. In contrast to the published manifesto on the eve of the Central Committee of the RSDLP (b), this appeal did not say anything about the future of their country, instead of a "provisional revolutionary government," it uses the term "provisional government". For this, according to the recollections B.I. Nicholas, standing reluctance <scare the movement "timid liberal politicians, who feared the terrible words, but" sympathy and support "which, according to the appeal, it was essential> [" The Mensheviks'. Collection of articles, memoirs and documents, Benson (Vermont), 1988,. 59]. The appeal has focused on strengthening and expansion of the, . creation of the revolutionary clubs and similar organizations: Opletaya unorganized mass of cells by a dense network of institutional, . and then the proletariat will be able not only to overthrow the old regime, . and possibly win a stronger position in the new system "(Proceedings of the Petrograd Soviet", . 1917, . March 1),
. Evening of March 1 for consideration at the meeting of the Executive Committee the question of power called for a "purely bourgeois government", the proposal was adopted by 13 votes to 7. March 3 joined the commissions (and information on current affairs) executive committee
On March 7 an associate editor of "Working papers" - the central organ of the Mensheviks in mid-March "revolutionary Defencist". March 16 is highlighted by the executive committee of the Petrograd Soviet in the department of labor to work at the Ministry of Industry and Trade. Participated in the preparation of draft resolutions on the labor question, made the All-Russia Conference of Soviets of Workers 'and Soldiers' Deputies. (29 March - 3 April). The delegate of the All-Russia Conference of the Menshevik and united organizations RSDLP (May). May 7, made a presentation on the activities of the Organizing Committee (OC), said that the February Revolution, the activities of OK was paralyzed and was resumed only after her victory, entered the new composition of the OK and then OK in the Office. Member of the 3rd All-Russia Conference of Trade Unions (June), selected in the interim trade union center. The delegate of the Unity Party Congress (August), elected a member of the Central Committee of "defencists; with P.A. Garvey and IS. Astrov edited the resolution adopted by the Congress. Supporter of the idea of cultural-national autonomy; meetings OK and RSDLP (o) when discussing the election platform of the Mensheviks in the elections to the Constituent Assembly opposed the principle of a federal state system, . for regional management of the recognition of the rights of national minorities to cultural and national autonomy (CPA IML, . f,
. 275, op. 1, l. 7).
By the October Revolution reacted negatively, considering it a criminal adventure. 1 November, a group of Mensheviks - defencists "said the release of RSDLP in protest against the negotiations with the Bolsheviks, after the termination of negotiations on Nov. 10 he returned to the CC. In late November, was actively involved in the creation of the club Mensheviks - defencists "Operating banner" November 25, entered his reign. At an extraordinary congress RSDLP (November - December) sided with the position of AN. Potresov that recognizes a valid use of any means to overthrow the "autocracy Smolny". Since assuming leadership in RSDLP (a) center-left wing, headed by YU.O. Martov and FI. Dan joined the opposition to the Party Central Committee, criticized him for compromising with the Bolsheviks. One of the initiators of the anti-Bolshevik movement for the creation of "Assemblies of Commissioners factories" (January - June 1918), soon, walking away from party work, he returned to Vitebsk. In late 1920 he was arrested. In prison, became ill with typhus, he was released on health grounds on bail two days before his death.