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Gribkov Anatoly

( War Veteran)

Comments for Gribkov Anatoly
Biography Gribkov Anatoly
photo Gribkov Anatoly
(March 23, 1919)
. He was awarded 13 medals of the Soviet Union, . including the three Orders of Lenin, . three - World War, . October Revolution, . two - the Red Banner, . three - the Red Star, . Order "For Service to the Motherland in the Armed Forces of the USSR", . as well as seven orders of the socialist countries and the six scores of Soviet and foreign medals,
. He is an Honorary Citizen of Smolensk (Smolensk region) and Liski (Voronezh region).
Born March 23, 1919 in the village brass Liskinskogo District, Voronezh. Father - Gribkov Ivan. Mother - Seraphim Kuzminichna. His parents raised seven sons and three daughters. The mother was awarded the honorary title and the Order of Mother Heroine ".

In 1936, Anatoly Gribkov graduated from high school, seven young peasants in the neighboring village of Spirit Scissors. Studied, and in summer, as everything worked on the farm. In 1937-1938 he studied at the mechanics of MTS in Tambov College of Agriculture Mechanization. Worked on all farm machinery, was the tractor drivers.

In August 1938 he entered the military armored school name and. V. Stalin in Kharkov. In December 1939, was ahead of schedule, as an A student, released from school and sent a lieutenant in the army at the Finnish front commander of a tank platoon. There also was adopted by a candidate member of the CPSU (b). Commanded five T-26. He fought in the north, in the Kandalaksha area. In one battle tank A. Gribkova was hit. With the platoon commander's vehicle had been evacuated.

. The summer of 1940 as part of the tank brigade Anatoly Gribkov served in Latvia before its entry into the Soviet Union, served as Assistant Chief of Staff of a separate tank battalion for exploration.

. Since the early days of the Great Patriotic War as commander of a tank company in the 127 th Tank Brigade participated in the battles in Belarus and Smolensk region
. In September 1941, received his first combat award - the Order of the Red Star from the hands of the future commander Major-General K. K. Rokossovskogo. Due to the complex situation created by Moscow A. Gribkova had to be in the position of commander of the 45-millimeter antitank guns. He was awarded the medal "For Defense of Moscow".

Showed his experienced commander Anatoly Gribkov by the decision to. K. Rokossovskogo was sent on short courses at the Academy named after M. V. Frunze, where he studied for five months. In May 1942, a captain was assigned to the corps of officers - representatives of the General Staff of the troops that were sent then to the front, the army, corps and divisions. These officers were guided by regulations and directives approved by the Marshal of the Soviet Union B. M. Shaposhnikov, . were independent of the commanders, . commanders and chiefs, . in which there were, . have the right to freely use all means of communication and movement, and were obliged to report without any embellishment of the General Staff of the true situation, . status and condition of the troops,
.

Anatoly Gribkov was sent to the Bryansk Front, 1 Corps, General M. E. Katukova. Then, in October 1942 he served in the 1 st Mechanized Corps, General M. D. Solomatina on the Kalinin Front.

In December 1942, during Operation "Mars" Corps was surrounded, the situation is critical. By its actions, he forged three armored divisions Nazis. December 13, Anatoly Gribkov transmitted coded in the General Staff: "At 12.00 hours the enemy launched an attack from all sides. Ordered to hold on, put everything you can, in order. Catering - the remains of horse and the needles. We will fight to the last. "

To organize the withdrawal of troops were surrounded at the Kalinin Front, arrived Army General G. K. Zhukov. He sought the command shell on the organization out of the environment. The breakthrough was scheduled at 23.00 on December 15 by two columns on foot, and three T-34 tanks, which remained in service, were to divert the attention of the Germans and to fire on himself. Was envisaged shutdown fire on the flanks of troops and leaving a fiery landmark, in the direction which the troops must go. G. K. Zhukov plan approved and did all the troops with fewer losses out of the environment.
During the break the unexpected happened: the tanks did not have three crew members. In order not to disrupt the operation, . Anatoly Gribkov invited to take along with the head of the political command of Colonel Kuparevym first tank, located on the second corps commander with the Chief of Staff, . and third, . without tower, . put the three wounded officers,
. As a result, a group of tanks took over the enemy fire, and although the tank A. Gribkova was hit, all survived. Leaving the environment as a whole went according to plan.

After the battle, Anatolia, fungal, and corps commander forthcoming report of Mr.. K. Zhukov. Instead of overtaking the commander said: "Although the building and suffered heavy losses, but their task was accomplished, bound with three armored divisions of Germans, which were intended for action at Stalingrad". G. K. Zhukov ordered to submit M. D. Solomatina the Order of Suvorov and the rank of Lieutenant General and Gribkova the Order of the Red Banner and the rank of Major. So there was a first meeting with Anatoly Gribkova great soldier.

In January 1943 a. I. Gribkova direct representative of the General Staff officer with 19-m tank corps general and. V. Vasilyeva, acting at the direction of Kursk. That winter formed the legendary Kursk Bulge. Housing mastered Kursk and went to the city Sevsk. Because of heavy losses, according to the report A. Gribkova the General Staff, despite the decision of the Front commander, Colonel General M. A. Reuter, the corps was put in reserve to re-form. At encoded, sent to the General Staff, M. A. Reuters wrote a resolution: "1.Korpus bring in a reserve. 2. Gribkova from the front to second ". The resolution came before the Chief of General Staff. To the general Reuter came the response encoding: "Gribkov sent into the body of the General Staff, perform its tasks and will be withdrawn when the General Staff deems it necessary". That fact - not only proof that the leadership of General Staff of trust in their representatives, who honorably served their tasks.

. In the preparation and conduct of the battle of Kursk in the summer of 1943, Anatoly Gribkov was an officer - the representative of the General Staff, with 2-m Tatsinskaya Guards tank corps, Lieutenant-General in
. M. Badanov. But a month before the battle Badanov accidentally detonated a mine and was sent to hospital. In the post corps commander entered his chief of staff Colonel A. S. Burdeiny.

Housing was in the area of the city is shorter and meant for a counterattack. Twenty days prior to the onset of the German Marshal A. M. Wasilewski, as the representative of the Supreme Command, brought together leaders of the Voronezh Front in the area of the city Korocha. Were invited commanders of armies, the commanders of armored and mechanized corps, including the commander and chief of staff corps, which was attached a. I. Gribkov. He was also lucky enough to attend this meeting.

Officers, representatives of the General Staff headquarters at the front, armies and corps presented themselves A. M. Vasilevsky. Greeted them, he said: "It's good that you too prisutstvuete and be in the know call". At the beginning of the meeting, he said that in early June the Supreme Commander has made a final decision on the transition to deliberate the strategic defensive in the Orel and Belgorod sector. He listened commanders and commanders. I wish once again to verify and if necessary to convince of the correctness of the decision. All speakers unanimously approved the decision to move to the defensive throughout the Kursk salient as the only right in this situation. Meeting Vasilevsky and participate in the meeting A. I. Gribkov remember for a lifetime.

During defensive operations 2 Guards Tank Corps Tatsinskaya inflicted counterattack in the direction Korocha-Gostischevo, where the advancing troops of Task Force Germanic "Kempf". July 12 after six days of fierce fighting the remnants of the shell were removed under Voronezh to re-form and A. I. Gribkova summoned to report to the General Staff, where he received a new assignment.

At this time the order was Novoshakhtinsk, the headquarters of the Southern front, where A. I. Gribkova were to increase: to be an officer, representative of the General Staff at the headquarters of the front of the tank troops, which was prepared Donbas Offensive, which began Aug. 13, 1943.
From the South (4-th Ukrainian) front A. I. Gribkov passed the entire left-bank Ukraine, Crimea, participated in the liberation of Sevastopol. Often have to execute the instructions A. M. Vasilevsky, which is coordinating the actions of 4-th and 3rd Ukrainian Fronts, the 28 th, 51 th and 2 nd Guards Armies, 2 nd and 4 th Guards Mechanized Corps, 19-m tank corps. From the hands of a. M. Vasilevsky A. I. Gribkov received two Orders of the Patriotic War and the Order of the Red Star. At the end of May 1944 Anatoly Gribkova transferred to Moscow, in the Operations Department of the General Staff for the post of officer-operator Baltic direction.

After the war, Colonel A. I. Gribkova, who had no higher education, a special solution. M. Vasilevsky was sent to study at the General Staff Academy. In December 1951 he graduated from it with a gold medal and a diploma with honors. Once granted leave his office opened in the Leningrad Military District in positions: chief of operational training, Head of Operations, Chief of Operations District Staff. In 1958 Gribkova was given the rank of Major-General. In the Leningrad district he had to work under the leadership of generals of the army A. A. Lucinschi, M. V. Zakharov H. I. Krylov.

In January 1960, Major General A. I. Gribkov received direction to the Kiev military district chief of operations - Deputy Chief of Staff of the district. In this capacity, he worked for a year with two teams - in. I. Chuykov and P. K. Kosh. In early 1961 a. I. Gribkov appointed chief of operations of the Main Operations Directorate of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the USSR.

In the summer of 1962 turned the Cuban events, known as the "Caribbean crisis" and became the top of the cold war, when the world was put on the brink of nuclear catastrophe. United States then were preparing an operation to invade Cuba under the code name "Mongoose".

The Soviet leadership, headed by H. S. Khrushchev decided to prevent aggression by the U.S.. A. I. Gribkov was then one of the developers of the operation, code-named "Anadyr". Its essence was that in Cuba over the ocean was secretly transferred the group of Soviet troops with the newest weapons under the command twice Hero of the Soviet Union army general and. A. Pliyev. Its foundation is the strategic and tactical nuclear missiles (R-12 and F-14 with a range starting from 2 to 4.5 thousand kilometers), as well as part of Air Defense, Air Force, Navy and the Army of 42 thousand people. For their transfer was drawn 85 ships that made 185 flights.

. The sudden appearance of such a powerful group of only 90 miles from the borders of the U.S. has made to American strategists stunned, . and the population of the southern states was in the state close to panic: people in a hurry leaving the north and further inland, . bought goods of first necessity and means of anti-gas and radiation protection,
.

Throughout the crisis - October and November - A. I. Mushrooms with a group of generals and admirals was in Cuba as a representative of the Minister of Defense. Before him stood the task as quickly as possible to bring the troops in combat readiness and assist in the interaction of Soviet and Cuban troops to repel aggression by the United States, preparations for which nevertheless went. It was declared a blockade of Cuba. Situation more tense.

The peak of the crisis fell on October 27, 1962. Just that day and decided the outcome. Thanks to the prudence of the U.S. President D. Kennedy and General Secretary of the CPSU H. S. Khrushchev managed to prevent a nuclear catastrophe.

In March 1963 the Government A. I. Gribkova was instructed to open a route for non-stop flight across the North of TU-114, which to Moscow was planned arrival of Fidel Castro, and already on May 1, Fidel watched parade on Red Square.
. In 1963 for participating in the implementation of Operation Anadyr "A
. I. Gribkova awarded the Order of Lenin and assign him the rank of Lieutenant-General. With the establishment of the Order of "Che Guevara" and that he receives a reward, and in 1999 the State Council of Cuba, awarded by General Order of Solidarity.

In 1964 A. I. Gribkov appointed deputy chief of the Main Operations Directorate of the General Staff. Thanks to the Minister of Defense P. YA. Malinowski in June 1965, he "escaped" from the staff work and was appointed commander of the 7 th Guards Army. Army troops stationed in Armenia, and its headquarters - in Yerevan. According to Anatoly Ivanovich, they were the best years of his life.

In 1969 a. I. Gribkov arrived in Leningrad for the post of first deputy commander of the Leningrad Military District. In December 1972 he was awarded the rank of Colonel. In January 1973 he was appointed commander of Lenville and in the same year awarded the Order of the October Revolution.

In October 1976 the Government of the Warsaw Pact countries appoint a. I. Gribkova Chief of Staff of the armed forces, created in parallel with the signing of the May 14, 1955 in Warsaw Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation, mutual assistance. Simultaneously with the decision of the Soviet government, he was appointed first deputy chief of General Staff of the Armed Forces of the USSR. He was awarded the rank of General of the Army with the award marshal stars. In these positions he served until 1989 and passed the post to his disciple, Army General in. N. Lobov. This twelve-year period of service was for a. I. Gribkova not only military but also diplomatic and political in 1992 A. I. Gribkov resigned from the post of Inspector-General of the inspectors general of the Ministry of Defense.

Total Army General A. I. Gribkov, swore to the Motherland in 1938, served in the Armed Forces of 55 consecutive and 60 years of pension. During these years he had not a single party or administrative penalties. During the service in Armenia, he was elected deputy of the Supreme Council of the Republic, a member of the Central Committee and member of the Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Armenia, was a delegate to XXIII Congress of the Communist Party of the Communist Party of Armenia. In Leningrad, was elected deputy of the Leningrad City Soviet, a member of the Leningrad Regional Party Committee and a member of the Leningrad Regional Bureau. At the XXV Congress of the CPSU was elected candidate member of the CPSU Central Committee, and the XXVI and XXVII Congress of the Party - a member of the Central Committee. He was a delegate XIX Party Conference. He was repeatedly elected deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR (8, 9, 10 and 11-th convocation).
. He was awarded 13 medals of the Soviet Union, . including the three Orders of Lenin, . three - World War, . October Revolution, . two - the Red Banner, . three - the Red Star, . Order "For Service to the Motherland in the Armed Forces of the USSR", . as well as seven orders of the socialist countries and the six scores of Soviet and foreign medals,
. He is an Honorary Citizen of Smolensk (Smolensk region) and Liski (Voronezh region).
A. I. Gribkov written book: "In the Service of the Soviet Union," "The fate of the Warsaw Pact", "Operation" Anadyr "," Confessions of a lieutenant, "" Meetings with the generals ". More than a hundred of his works published in various journals. He is a Doctor of Historical Sciences, Assistant Professor at the Academy of Natural Sciences and an honorary member of the International Slavonic Academy.
Lives and works in Moscow.


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