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Molotov Anatoly Pavlovich

( War Veteran)

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Biography Molotov Anatoly Pavlovich
(April 16, 1921 - ...)
In 1988, a. P. Molotkov retired with the rank of Lieutenant-General Aviation. He currently works at the Department of Military academy of strategic rocket forces Peter the Great. Elected a member of the Academy of Military Sciences and the International Informatization Academy and the Academy of Military Sciences, . corresponding member of the International Slavic Academy of Sciences, . Education, . Culture and Art, . awarded the title of Honorary Professor of the Academy of Strategic Rocket Forces, named after Peter the Great ",
. Author of more than 200 scientific papers.
Born April 16, 1921 in Moscow. Father - Pavel Molotkov (1881-1967). Mother - Molotkova Evgenia (1896-1969). Wife - Molotkova Valentina (1923. born.). Daughter - Molotkova Valentina, associate professor of the Moscow Conservatory, pianist of the Romantic movement, a lot of concerts.

In 1938 he graduated from high school. Simultaneously matriculation certificates received pilot license in flying club "Dinamo". The outbreak of war found Anatolia listener Air Force Academy named H. E. Zhukovsky. During the first air raids by enemy aircraft in Moscow, he took part in the defense of the Central airport and surrounding military aircraft factories, fought with incendiary bombs.

. After graduating from the academy and the provisional two-month internship in the 3rd Air Army of the Kalinin Front in February 1943, Anatoly Molotkov received an appointment in the army deputy commander of the air-shooting service 304 th Fighter Aviation Division, . fought in the 7-th Fighter Corps,
.

The regimental commander, Colonel Philippe with two Orders of Lenin on his chest had Anatoly Molotkov not too friendly, considering it is likely that he was appointed by patronage. However, six months later Lieutenant Molotkova increase in office and appoint an assistant commander of the Air Division, which was preparing to fly to the Voronezh Front.

. From March 1943 until the end of the Great Patriotic War, the division has actively participated in the Battle of Kursk, . release of right-bank Ukraine, . Korsun-Shevchenko, . Yasso-Chisinau, . Lvov-Sandomierz, . Vistula-Oder and Berlin operations.,

. In the calculation of the combat management division captain Molotkov participated in combat missions, managed by fighters from the ground team to train young pilots air replenishment of the shooting.
. In 1945, the Corps has received the title of the Guard and became known as the 6 th Guards Fighter Lvov Air Corps, and Division under the command of Hero of the Soviet Union, Colonel P
. P. Kryukov, a former mentor. I. Pokryshkin, which fought a. P. Molotkov, received the name of the 23rd Guards Cherkassy Order of the Red Banner and Bogdan Khmelnitsky. By the end of the war in the corps consisted of three fighter air division, including the legendary 9-Guards under the command three times Hero of the Soviet Union, Colonel A. I. Pokryshkin, Division under the command of Hero of the Soviet Union L. I. Goreglyad - the future of Major General, a friend and mentor of the first Soviet cosmonauts.

A war over. P. Molotkov May 13, 1945, when after the surrender of Air Corps pilots participated in the suppression of pockets of resistance in southern Germany. His combat path marked by orders of the Red Banner, World War I and II degree, two Orders of Red Star and medals, as well as the Czechoslovak awards - the Order of the Red Banner and a medal for bravery. "

After the war, A. P. Molotkov continued to serve in the home division. He has mastered just two majors - a fighter pilot and mechanical engineer, that time was very rare. He was to take the lead in retraining the pilots that flew in the Pe-2 bombers, the fighter. All he personally taught some 20 former bomber art of aerobatics and air combat techniques.

. In 1947, after the dissolution of the 23rd Air Division, Major Molotkova appointed deputy commander of the 5 th Fighter Air to air-rifle Service
. The commander of Air Corps in. N. Vuss instructed him to lead the training of pilots 521 th Aviation Regiment at the first jet aircraft MiG-9 and Yak-15. In February 1948 a. Molotkov was appointed a senior test pilot in the Red State Research and Experimental Institute of the Air Force.

Among subjects in those years often quoted phrase, and. V. Stalin: "For all the war is over, but for pilots it is continuing". Indeed, in the postwar years, Soviet aviation industry has created the first samples of jet aircraft developed by a. I. Mikoyan, A. S. Yakovlev, A. N. Tupolev, C. V. Ilyushin, P. O. Dry, C. A. Lavochkin IN. M. Myasishchev. It was necessary to develop new approaches and methods of testing such aircraft. The fact that many test pilots who flew on propeller planes, have been unable to overcome the psychological barrier and left the aircraft. Fortunately, this does not apply to A. P. Molotkova.

A. P. Molotkov actively participated in the testing single fighter aircraft MiG-17F, . first supersonic MiG-19 and MiG-19P, . aircraft with a delta wing MiG-21 and MiG-21pf, . aircraft interceptor Su-9, . Su-15, . Yak-25, . Yak-25R, . prototype with a mobile gun installing MiG-CH, . Il-40 and many,
. All he has experienced more than 80 types of aircraft. In 1963 he received the title of "Honored Test Pilot of the USSR."

In 1954 he directed the training of 10 air squadrons commanders of air defense night air intercept radar with a new sight. In 1956 he personally made six landings and takeoffs on a dirt airfield sports aviation Tushino. These flights are absolutely unique and probably worthy of entry in the Guinness Book of Records. For a successful flight test work A. P. Molotkov was awarded the Order of Lenin.
After nine years of intense, literally clock of a test pilot Colonel A. P. Molotkov appointed First Deputy Chief of the State Red BRE Air Force and a senior engineer and test pilot. This was a violation of the tradition according to which the deputy head of BRE usually assigned the former chief engineer Air Force or the District. Along with the testing of aircraft in this period GKNII Air Force participates in the selection of the first cosmonauts and their training, and test pilots G. T. Coast and in. T. Lazarev became one of the first space explorers.

In 1965, Major General A. P. Molotkova appointed deputy chief of the Central Research Institute of Aviation and Space Technology of the Ministry of Defense, and in 1969 he became its chief. In this capacity, he worked for almost 20 years, setting a record. Over the years of work in that capacity with the participation of A. P. Molotkova at the institute on the basis of the planned research was protected by more than 400 Ph.D. and more than 20 doctoral theses. In 1969 he defended a thesis for the candidate of military sciences, and six years later, in 1975 - doctoral dissertation. In 1977 he was awarded the title of professor. For outstanding achievements in research and development institute was awarded the Order of the Red Star, and his head - two orders of Red Banner of Labor and USSR State Prize (1979).

In 1988, a. P. Molotkov retired with the rank of Lieutenant-General Aviation. He currently works at the Department of Military academy of strategic rocket forces Peter the Great. Elected a member of the Academy of Military Sciences and the International Informatization Academy and the Academy of Military Sciences, . corresponding member of the International Slavic Academy of Sciences, . Education, . Culture and Art, . awarded the title of Honorary Professor of the Academy of Strategic Rocket Forces, named after Peter the Great ",
. Author of more than 200 scientific papers.
Since 1992, the Council is headed by veterans Tagansky district of Moscow.
Lives and works in Moscow.


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