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Svetoslav

( The prince of Kievan Rus)

Comments for Svetoslav
Biography Svetoslav
(957-972)
They say, and as a rule, quite rightly, that the child - is a soft wax or clay in the hands of a skilled modeler, especially my father and mother. First impressions, . obtained in early childhood, . largely form the man for many years, . contribute to the final formation of his character, . develop its relationship to future events, . every day more than I, and complicating his life,
. This relation can be of two kinds - or take the child as his own, parental example, or cuts off abruptly from him, so that later, when confronted with similar circumstances or with similar people always do exactly the opposite.

. Prince Svyatoslav, . son of Prince Igor and Princess Olga, . the first of the princes of Kievan Rus genuine and a great thing to show everybody - and their Slavic subjects, . and external, . huge world - that the state of its, . his princely authority are not in vain, . not in vain that his state stretched from sea to sea from north to south, and freely spreads on the east and west, . went on the first path,
. Basically ...

Stories about the campaigns of his father and the shock of his death, the mother's revenge for his death - revenge is inevitable and relentless, has created new, many of the deaths - all enter into his soul of faith, role models. But remember, he and otherwise - his father's injustice towards the people, it became so because of the insults inflicted unjust, scorned age-old custom, the cause of his death. Remember and deceit mother mstivshey for her husband. Both the size and ferocity of revenge that will exceed the sacred right to fight back and take an eye for an eye. That he, not accepting every child's heart, unable to have never. I never wish to, and not be able to do so, as do wrong, can not.

. He will go down in history as the prince-commander, the prince-warrior, to warn the enemies of the imminent arrival of his and future battles are always ahead of time - his famous "I'm coming to you!" since become a battle cry of the Slavs, direct and brave, strong and sincere
. He believed in himself, piously revered his word. I believe someone else's vows, not wanting to take himself that skolzkovatuyu, but a practical idea that the Spoken word - is a lie. The word, he believed part of your soul, your conscience, and, once saying it, you should keep it, not regretting it for anything. For there is nothing more precious in the world than the truth than the righteous communication between people who came together in this boundless world together and designed to live here.

So he understood the covenant of his father teaches him not with words, but their lives. The exploits of his long evenings - after a hard day learning the martial art - leisurely told him fighting Twinning Prince Igor. Of course, omitting the fact that the child know it is not allowed, early, and thereby doing a great fairy tale, in which he lived a great and mighty warrior, brave and always just. One only once, overwhelmed and story-tellers, he retreated from the path of justice, breach of this word - and not his will, desire, but willy-requested its guards - and then will be severely punished for it. Punished those who intended to monitor and watching the acts of people, counting each measure accomplishes its sins and virtues. And the higher a man stands above the others - the more strictly to ask him. Prince above all - with him and demand a special. That's your father, overwhelmed narrators: the word broken and lost, though in his declining years, but not enough is being done to power, and not done it now falls on your shoulders. And the child will remember that even once retreating from the direct path of service to the world - you can die. And even if not die physically - not whether you die every hour, preparing for the payoff for svershennoeN

. No, we have to live with them in harmony, to live according to conscience: and then death - not punishment, but only a moment when you're not lucky in battle, when your martial arts encounters with the art of a great master and you'll understand this is only at the last moment
. Or do not have time to understand, as we leave the place where you went to many generations of your ancestors and where you met my father, thank you for what his filial life you have redeemed his involuntary weakness. And he will confirm to you, . that a person chooses and decides its fate, . himself and judge himself, . essentially, . a verdict, . because it is - in his heart, . gods were just watching, . commensurate to, . your heart, . with the common life of all, . and building them all, . including your, . a single chain, . encircling the world and stretching from earth to heaven,
. And the worst thing for a man, and even more so - for the prince: to lose faith in themselves, in their case, in fairness you achievements.

. For you - link in the chain of your ancestors, your gods, gods of your cousins and grandparents, which they abide worshiped goodwill, seeing in them - his own.

. Having lost his father early, . think of him only vague memories, and knowing him only by the spoken thoughts of other, . Svetoslav will always consider him for a model, . example of serving Russia, . by Igor, . nicknamed the Old over the years and the dominant work in the years, . in which he sat on the throne of Kiev, . had in these years to build mnogazhdy, . strengthen, . protect.,

. Who knows what would have brought his mother after the death of her husband's son, and whoever was Svyatoslav, stay with it OlgeN But the battle with the strangers, which determined the fate of his mother - a sovereign ruler of the state - also agreed to both life and the future of the young prince
. He began his rule - still let more and nominal - with an open, direct, courageous things, taking part in the battle. And the reason for the camp was for the young ruler of the holy - revenge for murdered father. Thus the name of the new Russian prince determined his life's path.

. Also, . as he began his life's journey with a straight battle, . and he lived his life the prince-warrior, . checking the direction of flight combat arrows, . well and died, . not wishing to abandon all that, . what life believed and what followed, . but looking for courage and fortitude,
. And the highest honor for a leader - to share the fate of his troops, not leaving it in a grave moment of death test.

. First impressions of childhood, the impressions experienced in childhood, is deeply etched in my memory: vivid impression - bloody victory fray - has turned a small Svyatoslav
. It, . course, . could eventually be obliterated, . fade, . - If his teachers had set themselves a similar goal, . but it only became covered with flesh and blood components and details in countless retelling his Pestunov, . because they raised a boy first and foremost a warrior, . leader.,

. These Pestunov Svyatoslav was his squad
. By the time of his father's death on him had already been carried out with a great triumph for the veil (ritual, . walking from antiquity and consists in postrizhenii head around under the comb, . leaving the future of Zaporizhzhya osedeltsa, . and the first sazhanii horse), . but whether Igor alive, . boy would have long remained under the tutelage of a mother,
. But here the only prince, though small for years, claim your whole Earth and the squad.

Novgorodians demanded Svyatoslav to him, explaining that de is not used to living without the prince. Olga disregarded his rich inheritance. A squad in the new environment finally took over the upbringing of their new leader.

He came out of the hands of their soldiers the way and remained for centuries, as very few people available sample valor, military skill and unwavering honor. He grew up vigilante forces.

In this environment, everyone had only one interest - the war, and it became the meaning of life and care of the young prince. It was valued only one - selfless bravery and courage, and his hot blood boiled more under the influence of this education. He rose on the basis of the retinue of honor, and the only measure of his acts was the word of his warriors, and the highest ideal - the glory of the warrior, faithful to his martial sister and their common word. This is evident even in that, when Olga, by adopting Christianity, and tried to persuade his son to follow suit, he refused, citing the fact that the squad does not adopt a new faith, would laugh at him. And thus showed that the military fraternity dearer to him his own mother. And Olga resigned.
The past years have changed the princess - even for her, the natural ruler, were not in vain. And above all - have left their mark the first days and months of its power. Looking back on them every year more and more, she caught myself thinking that much has been done was not as it should, there are other ways to have a ruler, in addition to blood and iron. These thoughts lead her to the new faith, which can be helpful to her and her descendants in the affairs of government, that will never happen again what happened to Prince Igor. At 957, she will go to Constantinople, where she was christened himself the patriarch. It is hoped that Russia, led by its more than one year, and this will go for it, but Russia will go for her son-warrior. Only fulfill her cherished grandson will - and through the centuries Russ will call the Holy ...

But if the squad created a new leader-warrior, then Svyatoslav, in turn, created a new, hitherto unseen in the Russian land squad. When his father and former army always collected from all the allied and the conquered tribes, that is essentially a mechanical connection of tribal squads, militias. The young prince is collected about a single squad, which collected from youth knights forgot their tribal osobitsu and became united Russian warriors and friends of the prince. They grew up in military amusements and pleasures side by side with Svyatoslav, and when he grew up next to him and the army grew, soon surprised most of the inhabited world.

. Growing up together, they are accustomed to the common home, and Svetoslav no way to distinguish themselves from the troops - as well, with all sharing the hardships of the campaign, hunger and cold
. Like everyone else, he will not carry to battle wagons with food, drink and bed. Having grown up, like the young Spartans, at full capacity, they will reject with contempt all the facilities, being able to be content with little. And if there is a need - and give up on this small. Like the Vikings, Svyatoslav and his army for several days could not drink or eat, that in no way affecting their vsesokrushayuschey militancy.

Subsequently, as the chronicler writes about the prince: "And it's easy to walk, like a pardus (ie. leopard), the war, many tvoryashe ". He, verily, go easy - do not take even the boilers for cooking meat, only weapons. Nourished by the same army, not excepting the prince, only thinly sliced slices of meat, roasted on hot coals. Not needed, and tents - Svyatoslav and slept on the squad Seat felt, resting his head on the saddle. But this outward simplicity and, . may seem, . unconcern, . trusteth only military happiness, . stood coldly brilliant calculation, . which reconcile all: the direction of the campaign, . its length, . factors, . which may delay its, . number of provisions - a necessary and sufficient, . opportunity to recharge during promotion,
. In short, the campaign was a carefully planned action, which had a strong foundation in a deep, multi-purpose exploration.

. And after everything was calibrated, calculated, weighed, when all was defined measure and price, only then was heard the famous Svyatoslav warning enemies: "I want you to go!"

. Let the enemy know about the campaign - the war can not be concealed
. Preparations completed, and the enemy did not succeed in a short period to do with myself the same. No, let him know in advance that trouble is coming, though pre-war fears - like rock, from which there is no salvation and horror that paralyzes the upcoming energy today when it is still possible to have time to do something for tomorrow's salvation.

. It taught Svyatoslav unworldly and battle the terrorists who have seen death glitter iron on all four of distant horizons
. If you are strong, said the young prince, not afraid to say about this neighbor - let him tremble. And the stronger, the more he would get to rumors about your previous victories, obtained after your words: "I go to you!" Suppose he knows in advance that he has no salvation, and only save his resignation. Pokorny noticed, but not glorifying a person - otherwise it would be a bad example for their own land. Resist - kill, but without pain, and let their valor will be awarded the highest honors a soldier - died instantly in combat. If he is weak - hide it: but you can not hide - to exaggerate this weakness, so tempted by the enemies of your helplessness. Once burnt child's milk - in the future they will blow on the water.

Svetoslav learned all. I took everything - except the last. It is too early began to take up the harsh truth of military and sovereign tricks, and rejected the child's soul lies. Even if it's salvation. But he took all my heart that the main force - in a word, the previous act, the act, a herald of Koto-rum is the word, in indissoluble words and deeds. Said - do as promised. Let everyone see: your words - not light down in the wind, but the headstone above the ashes of your opponents.

. Armed with the knowledge of this simple and great wisdom, he will be like a knife, cut up fresh sweating oil, far to the east, south and west, the set and multiplied his countless victories.

. At the beginning of an endless succession of his trips, he went to the Volga River
. It was the 964 th year. Fifty years ago, in the battles with the Khazars, Bulgarians and Burtases here almost the entire army of his father, returning from the Caspian hike. As an old-fashioned laws of Russia could not leave their abusers without revenge and had to remember about this long before the third tribe. Now were just children and grandchildren of the victims, followed by fire and sword to recall the past - indeed the death! - Grievance. Svyatoslav went, as the successor to the Grand Prince Igor, wash the shame, lying on his predecessor, as a son, he went to avenge his father's enemies. This is the first of his campaign was only when the war intervened in the affairs of the concept of honor and duty. In the future war will perform in its pure form - as the quintessence of fame and profit.

. But there are already visible, these motives - Russian merchants, . interested in the freedom of road, . connecting the south-east and north-west of the Great Plains (all over the Volga River), . here suffered constant harassment and grievances, . stories of which only fueled the prince.,

. The campaign initially took place on the earth northerners, obedient to Kiev, and then - on the land is still independent Vyatichi
. Svetoslav not touched stroptivtsev, not wanting to have around in the rear of the man who in the event of total failure of the campaign may well put it here the last point.

He swam further - to the real enemy. First, under his sword fell Volga Bulgaria, its army was defeated and scattered, the capital of the Bulgars, and other cities captured, their populations dispersed. As did Svyatoslav and Burtases - the city were taken on a spear and burned, residents - are scattered. And then came the turn of the Khazar Kaganate - until recently one of the largest and richest states, . spreading its tentacles in the west to the Slavs Vyatichi, . the east to the vast plains of Siberia, . approaching the south against the Muslim world, . the west - to most of the Byzantine Empire.,

. Russian troops appeared on the borders of Khazar possessions with an unusual side - from the north, while usually Ruses moved to the Sea of Azov and the Don
. Kaganat always considered himself concealed from the north from any unexpected allies - now they do not become. This shows the beginning of the free swing of the Slavic sword through a short time committed a half-circle - from the Volga to the Danube, from the north-east - across the south - west. Khazars, proud of the preceding centuries of military glory, they decided, in spite of the sad fate of the Bulgarians and Burtases on open battle. Decisive slashing occurred near the capital of the Khazars - Itil, where the throat of the Volga, which flows into the Caspian Sea soon. Towards Svyatoslav went majestic army, led by Hagan, showing the eyes of his subjects only in very exceptional cases. There was just such a case, and Svyatoslav, and Hagan knew that this battle will be decided the fate of the Khazars: to be or her mouth, as other troops from the Khazars were, behind the same lie defenseless capital.

. Yes, the enemy countered Svyatoslav all he could gather
. In the forefront of the troops were "Black Khazars", light cavalry, not in battle wore chain mail, armed only with bows and arrows, spears. Since the battle, they showered the enemy's iron dust arrows and darts, frustrating the orders of the advancing. Behind them were placed "White Khazars" - heavily armed horsemen in iron lifebelts, . chainmail, . helmets Khazar nobility and their retainers, . devote themselves entirely to the war, . well owning weapons, . which almost never parted, . - Long spears, . Swords, . Saber, . club, . battle axes,
. They were hit at the time of the first success "Black Khazars" and cut Unnerved army.
. Here was the Khazar king and the guards - the Muslim mercenaries, master of the battle, head to toe clad in steel and even "White Khazars" - knowing his own worth - looked somewhat contemptuously
. And in the city of Skopje foot guard, the first time in many decades, realized that authorities today do not need their money but their lives, and understand that in case of defeat there would be no power, no life.

. Russian marched monolithic wall of shields that covered the warrior from the helmet to the steel greaves
. Arrows and darts bounced off the wall, staring forward steel wedge. Putting out an offensive outburst rinuvshihsya forward, "White Khazars" frequent Archery, Svyatoslav hit squad as one man, masterfully - non-stop working long straight swords and battle axes ...

. And great power, which forced eyelids flutter their neighbors and sometimes took place through the land of the Slavic tribes in their campaigns for human beings, almost immediately shrank, shrank, losing their military force
. And even earlier - and perhaps military valor: for the Khazars, along with the guard could not resist the blows of the new Russian brigade and showed Rossich back, thus opening the way to the capital. Residents fled the it, including the failed militias, rejoicing now only one - that they did not have time to go to battle against the Slavs. All - and miraculously survived the remnants of the army, and until recently prided itself on being the capital residents - fled to the desert islands of the Caspian, realizing that in the steppe not hide - more raids inscrutable enemy, and you - either dead or a slave.

. But the winners were not yet up to them - they have decided to give his own fate
. There were Khazars, and other cities, and therefore, taking in the palace Hagan, nobles and merchants large prey, and betraying the city to fire, the squad led by Svyatoslav, go south - the ancient capital kaganate Samandar. At that time in these fortresses sat their king, who had his own army. Svetoslav stripped him and that, and another - an army defeated and scattered, the city conquered, the king of followers forced to flee to the mountains.

Volga resigned. And Svetoslav jumped. Truly like a leopard. Together with the army, he disappeared in the boundless steppe, scattered in all directions fingers patrols whose mission was to suppress any news of his motion - as he always did. I already turned up at the Black Sea - at the foot of the Caucasus Mountains, then reconciled with an iron hand jars and Kasogs. Ahead was the edge of yesterday's power Khazars - the sea, and between him and Svetoslav - Fortress Semikara, which stormed the move. And soon appeared and the city, locking the Azov Sea - Tmutarakan and Korц¬a. Rusichi hit and the city lost Khazar governors, not too beloved by local citizens, who, together with soldiers Svyatoslav purified from the Khazars walls. Thus were laid the future of Russian Tmutarakan principality.

. Then in the Crimea lay rich and helpless now, possession of Byzantium, and their inhabitants froze in anticipation of death, horror imagining that they will do with them knows where they appeared at the very borders of the barbarians
. But Svetoslav not hit - he would not prey, but the victory, the victory over the Khanate, still hanging around his neck stone. He turned north, leaving behind intact lands of the Empire, whose turn has not come. Passing on Don, Russian struck Sarkel - shestibashennuyu powerful fortress, the citadel of which, behind the high walls streamed into the sky, proudly stood two towers spire, above the rest. The fortress was built on a promontory, and on three sides bathed Don, along the same ingenious fourth Byzantine architects dug two deep pit, designed to cool the offensive outbursts of possible enemy. But the builders of the fortress, as well as its advocates do not count towards his Russian squads - and, it turned out, in vain.

Sarkel was stormed, burned, and after almost literally wiped off the map. Joining in the occupied lands of small squads (and left in Tmutarakani retainers - and a special mandate: to disturb Byzantium), Sviatoslav returned to Kiev.

All the land through which he passed for three years of battles and campaigns, he obeyed. And only Slavs vyatichi calmly reacted to the fact that from now on all sides by fearsome power Kyivlyanyn surrounded their lands. And not even the fact that the calm and dignity, for they do not want to obey the winner Kaganat. The prince had to go to their campaign, and only after that vyatichi recognized the supremacy of Kiev.

Dan was huge. Kiev loudly greeted the winners, but Sviatoslav and his men had already begun to eagerly turned his eyes in search of another male of this case - not the soldier ceases to live in the past, but only thoughts about the future exploits. And, of course, waiting for fate and destiny comes - because why should she in vain to knock at the locked gates of fright when one can argue enter into the open specially dverN

. Svetoslav thought that he should do, but at this time on a similar theme of thinking and other sovereign - the Byzantine emperor Nicephorus Phocas, drawn into a war with the Balkan Bulgars
. Remembering the covenant prior to the emperors, who taught that the barbarians are best humble hands of other barbarians, he decided that the role of Bulgaroctonus may well come Svyatoslav. Emperor ordered the Russian prince sent his messenger - the son of the ruler Korsun Kalokira - and give him gifts to the prince and the squad of twenty-five tons of gold.

. Kalokir distributed in Kiev gold, but he did not particularly have succeeded if it had not had the soul of the secret thoughts of the Emperor, beckoning Russov in Bulgaria, in order to divert their attention from the Black Sea
. And the emperor, and Svetoslav remember that half of Bulgaria's population consisted of Slavs, so that the country And this could well become part of the state Russow. Truly, this was the purpose for which it was possible to overcome the impossible.

. Svyatoslav and his squad decided that to overcome this on the shoulder, and the prince at the head of ten troops set off on barges in the long way.

. As always, despite the external impulsive decisions, the campaign has been carefully considered and finely implemented
. Only at the very end of the summer 967, when Svetoslav already close to the Danube and was preparing to attempt a landing, the Bulgarians learned about his fate. Their king was continuing demand for tribute from the Byzantine tradition, hastily assembled thirty thousand, and threw them against the Russian.

But his opponent was not one of those who trust only on the numerical superiority, and used to conquer the pressure of the masses. Each warrior Svyatoslav was a master of a single battle, and together they are perfectly able to fight in the ranks. And now they once again proved it. Svyatoslav led by Russian troops lined up in a kind of monolith and iron multirowed wave rushed to the Bulgarians. Those were divided. And so strong that no thought of further resistance: All the survivors fled and locked themselves in a strong fortress Dorostol. King Peter of grief soon died.

Next year he gave in the hands of Sviatoslav Pereyaslavets, Dorostol and eighty other cities and fortresses. Virtually all the towns on the Danube were in the hands of Kiev. The prince sat down on the seat of the Bulgarian tsars, and began to manage his new power. Kalokir was with him. And only now realized Nicephorus Phocas, . what care he has amassed himself - instead of beginning to gradually grow old Bulgarian state he was in the neighbors of the great warrior, . pondering at least great plans, . which Byzantium had an important, . but not carefree role.,

. The Emperor concluded with the Bulgarians world against the common enemy, and persuaded Pechenegs, part of which has resulted now in Bulgaria Svetoslav, attack on Kiev, reassuring them that the troops Svyatoslav far
. Nomads besieged Kiev, but when a small squad Rusich come to the city and introduce the vanguard of the army of Prince, as Khan Pechenegs shuddered and withdrew the siege of the city. Kievans, . Using this, . able to send a messenger to the prince, . who without respect of diplomatic politesse gave his master's voice and the prince of the earth: he de, . Prince, . strange land searches and reserved the blackness of her, . and from its denied, . and Kiev, along with his mother and the child was almost took Pechenegs,
. Is it not a pity nor fatherland, nor grown old mother, nor children svoihN

. It produced the desired effect, . but the seed fell on good soil - Prince, . correct manner of protecting their native lands and people, . gave rise to it, . equal those, . to whom he gave life, . acted with decisiveness invariable: in incredibly small for such cases time he was in Kiev,
. Pechenigi recently humble name Svyatoslav, and now were humbled him work: the round-up passing through the lands of steppe, Rusichi seized their wealth - horses. At Russ condescended calm again, and again was close to her Svyatoslav often told his mother that he is not a pleasure to live in Kiev, pulls him to the Danube, in Pereyaslavets - in the middle of its land. To which the princess replied only that she was ill - and where to now leave from her synN With Power - not a pebble out of his pocket will not throw. That he had buried it - let him do as he wishes, but does the thought. If you will - that will arise if not Byzantine, but if you go away - to whom leave RusN
Soon the old princess, known in recent years, Things, died quietly. Svetoslav decided to go on the Danube, but, remembering to punish the mother decided to household chores for wit. Previously, tribal-ruled lands of their natural princes, . did not always obey the will of Kiev, . then now he, . winner of the Khazars, . Pechenegs, . Bulgarians, . smiritel Byzantium, . more free in the sovereign affairs - and he puts his eldest son Yaropolk in Kiev, . Oleg - at Drevlyane, . and Vladimir - in Novgorod,
. The rich and powerful of the earth were young princes - the Grand Duke. This will further consolidate the state into a coherent whole.

. Entrusting power to his grown up sons, Prince made it clear that he was leaving Kiev probably forever, and will now reign in Bulgaria, making it the center of a vast new state.

. But the Bulgarians - at least, some of them - think about something quite the opposite: the new king Boris concluded with the Byzantine world - naturally, against Svyatoslav
. But the Russian prince among the Bulgarians was now a lot of allies - the warrior-prince they thought was easier to tolerate than a king, too friendly with the Greeks and from them I have learned, including how to oppress his subjects. When, in August 969, the Russian landed a powerful force on the Danube, their supporters among the Bulgarians suddenly became more. Svetoslav easily passed to the capital of Boris Preslavl anywhere without meeting any resistance, and just as easily take it Sacrificed to the king, has pleaded vassal prince of Kiev. Realizing that the Byzantines would not leave him alone - he was too closely at its doorstep - the prince decided not to wait for a first strike, and as soon as the passes of the Rhodope Mountains freed from the snow and hit himself.

It was 970. Old Emperor of Constantinople had already been deposed and stabbed his successor - John Tzimiskes, not less experienced, but perhaps more talented military leader. His - strategist, warrior and athlete - she loved the army, and he was not going to disappoint her failures. He knew that war was inevitable, but Kopian forces had decided to use the weapon of the weak - the diplomacy. But it's smart weapons. Svetoslav rejected the terms of the Greeks, and John took it calmly, since realized that the Russian prince will be able to convince the imperial righteousness only gleam of steel, but not gold. Tzimiskes carefully preparing the army for the upcoming battles, has created special units "immortal" - specially selected by the bravest warriors, dressed in a stronger armor. Something in between bodyguards and guards of honor - the same were in the Persian kings. And also "immortal".

. Byzantines no luck - despite the fact that they have taken a strong force all the famous mountain passes, Russian, together with the above Svyatoslav as allies of the Hungarian and Pecheneg equestrian units, burst into Thrace
. Ward Skleros, who led the imperial army, defeated the beginning of the campaign. Or Svyatoslav more luck, . or is it more had the qualities, . to make a "commander" in a true "driver" of its troops, . feels its army as a whole, which might guess the mood of this whole, . who can take a split second only true solution, . on which depends the victory, and - the total life.,

. Perhaps affected by the centuries-old dogma of the Empire, who decided to streamline and martial arts, along with the art of governance, culture, science
. Streamlining degenerated into the scheme, requiring the commander in appropriate circumstances to do only and not the other way. Waive rule should be punished - even if he won. The loser will always be able to justify their failure, citing the strict implementation of the prescribed. Only the great generals of the Empire dared to go to a clear violation of the rules - why are most often chosen emperors. This man was the emperor Tzimiskes, but not Skleros, only an experienced military commander.

. Svetoslav applied the lesson of his retainers, Igor - his teachers: in 941, when Rusichi will go to Constantinople - the promotion Rusich to Constantinople became known far too early - and their arrival time to prepare
. The son remembered his father's defect of military strategy and made him their findings: the enemy must know about your intentions only when it is profitable to you - then let it fear, feeling that nothing else does not have time. And now he has managed to pass secret paths, such, as the Greeks did not know either (helped local guides, realizing that the prince is better not to joke), or treating them impassable. So the army went on the military Svyatoslav expanse of plains of Thrace.

Hiking to the squad decided to have one problem, his proposed Skleros - tried weapon of the Greeks, the ambush of heavy cavalry, who were to wear down the enemy. Svetoslav thrown against them by their nomadic - and the hunters become the Greek cavalry in the game, almost meekly waiting until they were crushed heavy cavalry Rusich. The tactics of small injections did not work, and now the Greek captain was bound to the expected Svyatoslav big battle - or continue to be forced to lose rapidly melting army. It was unusual for the Greeks - not fight my will, but the plans of the enemy. However, it must resign.

The army of Slavs moved forward - to the fortress Arcadiopolis, the walls of which stood Skleros with selected units. Upon learning of the approach of the enemy, the Greeks hastily closed behind strong gates, hoping that the storm will start with Sviatoslav course, remains bogged down and will be defeated under its walls. But it did not happen - Rusichi stopped on the open plain, which forms the road to Arcadiopolis and which was covered on both sides of the dense thickets.

. After a few days of mutual addiction to the impending cross section Skleros made expected from him Russian prince - night two cavalry detachment quietly entered the thickets: ambush for the Slavs was ready
. On the morning of the gates of the main forces of the Greeks came and went into the attack on the enemy. He took the blow (which is what the Greeks expected) and he went on the offensive, throwing forward the heavy Russian and the Bulgarian cavalry kuyu. Behind them propped up the infantry and light cavalry covered the flanks of the steppe. Heavy cavalry Skleros bogged down in combat infantry brigades orders Svyatoslav and again habitually fell under the blows of Pechenegs and Hungarians. It could happen the complete destruction of the Greek army, the main shield of Constantinople, but the Greek commander quickly recovered and managed to save part of their forces, with a timid hope that hid behind the fortress gates. For Svyatoslav opened almost straight road to the capital of the Empire - through Macedonia.

In Macedonia, Svetoslav scored another victory, defeating the army of the province. And here in his path stood the Greeks - but not the soldiers, and diplomats. Not having the strength to resist, they promised a lot. Prince Rusich believe their word - as used do not squandered in vain his. But why is he allowed them to his camp and that he hoped to hear - that no one knew. We only know that he took a large ransom for the conquered and unconquered, he heard a solemn promise to the Byzantine Empire did not interfere in the Bulgarian, and went back to his new capital of the Danube.

. But for the Empire promise was more than empty words uttered, and vanished into thin air - she immediately began to prepare for new war
. 12 April 971, the army, this time led by ourselves Tzimiskes, quickly overcame the Rhodopes, appeared under the walls of Preslav. There was only a small Russian garrison under the authority of magistrates Sfenkela and a small number of Bulgarian troops.

. Sfenkel, realizing that he could not sit behind the fortress walls - from the Greeks in the rear was a large number of kamnemetnyh cars - has decided to try his luck in open battle, believing in the invincibility of the Russian brigade
. Boy, hard and long, decided to "immortal", striking the left flank of an enemy. They broke it - and Sfenkelu had to retreat back to the fortress. He knew that now the fate of his troops is solved - but has decided to fight to the end. Two days the assault with the use of kamnemetov and Greek fire allowed the Greeks to break into the city. When the troops of the emperor, fighting reached the royal palace, and from there went all able to keep weapons in the hands of the soldiers Rusich and part of the Bulgarians. Not begging for mercy, they took the fight to defeat and lay down as one.

April 23 the Greek army came to Dorostol, where he remained with the main forces Svyatoslav. He, like Sfenkel, believed that the main protection of soldiers - not walls, but the courage. His soldiers went into the field before the town and stood in battle formation, blocked the road to the fortress wall of their new shields, spears and swords. This wall twelve times trying to break through the heavy cavalry of the Greeks, and the same time she back off. Svetoslav stood with infantry mounted attacks against the set without losing the order, and in the evening led his soldiers into the city.

The siege. Two days later the gates Dorostol reopened - and the Greek cavalry fallen Russian cavalry squad. Although fewer in numbers, she spent an equal fight with the enemy, and then calmly walked away. The next day, again all foot the Russian army took the field against a powerful enemy and the whole day beating him. By night the winner has not yet been identified, lull - and Svyatoslav even led his troops on the night in the fortress. Returned there only in the morning - and did not pursue him.

. The next day came up siege machines, but just could not take advantage of them - the Slavs during the night dug a deep ditch in front of the city, and the next night, smashed and burned portion of ships Tzimiskes with food and weapons.

. Greeks persisted in the siege, Svyatoslav just as stubbornly sat in Dorostol
. A month passed, went the other. Tzimiskes, neglected affairs of state, once again became only the commander. However, public affairs themselves reminded himself - mutinied recently slain brother of the Emperor. Tzimiskes all felt uncomfortable on the banks of the Danube. July 19, in the drowsy noon, when the soldier pulls a nap after a hearty lunch, the squad Rusich attacked the camp of the Greeks and burned all the siege weapons, and the next day with a large army marched out of town and once again struggled with the imperial cavalry.

. There was a July 22
. Dorostol opened the gate, and from them in orderly rows - though many were wounded and the sick - the soldiers began to leave the prince of Kiev. As if there had been two months of siege - again a wall of red shields clearly stands out from the walls. Last Rusichi, passing between the towers, towering on both sides of the entrance to the city, tightly closed the heavy gate wings. They closed gates clearly said that Russow irreversible. Win - or die. Svyatoslav, leading soldiers in the last battle, reminded them that the Russian force had hitherto invincible. And that now, and they must either win or fall from glory. I am ashamed to live a coward, no shame is dead.

He did not wait for the enemy will strike him, and he rushed forward. The battle lasted a long time, move from the walls Dorostol almost to the Greek camp, - only the arrival of the emperor, povedshego "immortal" in the battle to rectify the situation, which until then could not save even the cavalry, cut one's way into the ranks of the Slavs from the flanks. But this time luck retreated from Svyatoslav - too long, he was her favorite. Rose from the spin of the Byzantines a strong wind brought down on his wall of soldiers driving rain. And Prince resigned - Rusichi suddenly turned and, throwing back boards, go back to the abandoned seemed forever Dorostol.

Soon after, making sure that equal force to each other, opponents start to peace talks. Russian pledged to withdraw from Bulgaria, and the Empire forbade them with weapons and military production, and the Greeks agreed to lend the enemy bread on the way back. There was a personal meeting between the rulers and. Sparkling jewels emperor went to the river, which docked boat, and it simply oarsman sat the prince, who was distinguished by his soldiers only a clean shirt and two earrings with pearls and ruby. By this time include a description of Prince, . composed one of the Byzantines: "Svyatoslav was of medium height, . neither too high, . nor too small, . with the bushy eyebrows, . blue eyes, . with a flat nose and thick, long, . hanging on the upper lip hair,
. His head was completely naked, but only on one side hung a lock of her hair, meaning the kind of nobility, thick neck, broad shoulders and the whole camp rather slim. He looked grim and savage.

. The emperor and the prince talked a bit and parted forever - Tzimiskes already knew that his office has warned Pechenegs: is your enemy, the squad had a small and large production.

. News to reality
. There were many wounded, sick, feeble. So Svetoslav Board rejected Svenel'da go on horseback, rather than on barges, though, as well as his military commander, realized that the nomads will not hesitate to attack his caravan.
The prince and his voivod not mistaken. Pechenigi ambushed. Svyatoslav rubivshiysya in the forefront in the center building, which were collected the most depleted Rusichi, died, and later from his skull Pechenegs done feasting bowl. He died as he lived - not hiding behind others' backs and boldly staring danger in the face. Died such as they were and he went after him, the Russian princes, his descendants - born of native. Too bold to before someone else to lay his head, too proud, something that seemed unattainable to them. Rulers, Warriors, Beat is always ahead of his guards, his army with all those who have become their enemy.


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