Babikov Makar Andreevich( Hero of the Soviet Union)
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Biography Babikov Makar Andreevich
(July 31, 1921)
M. A. Babikov awarded the Gold Star of Hero of the Soviet Union Order of Lenin, two Orders of Red Banner, Order of the Patriotic War II degree, the Red Star "Badge of Honor", with many medals.
. Born July 31, 1921 in the village of Ust-Tzilma Komi Republic, in a peasant family
. Father - Babikov Andrei Ivanovich (1896-1936). Mother - Babikova Irina Ivanovna (1899-1995). Wife, Babikova Lubov (1922 g. born.) - teacher. Son, Babikov Vasili Kravchuk (1947 r. born.) - PhD. Daughters: Bulavina Irina Makarovna (1945. born.) Babikova Svetlana Makarovna (1953 g. born.). Grandchildren: Bulavina Anna (1967. born.) Bulavin Anton (1969. born.) Zubarev Tatiana (1974. born.) Babikov Artem (1980. born.). Great-grandson - Dryanin Valentine (1992. born.).
He studied in the Ust-Tsilemskoy secondary schools and teacher training college. In 1938-1939 worked as a primary school teacher in the village Krestovki, and in 1939-1940 - head of department of the pioneers of the district Komsomol committee.
In September 1940, called in the navy and sent to study at integrated schools Training Detachment at the Solovetsky Islands. In early 1941, arrived in the city of Murmansk Polar region, anti-aircraft division, standing on the cover for the main base of the Northern Fleet. After the war began in early July he was transferred to the parts of the political department of defense. In June 1942, a volunteer went to the front.
Fighting began in the intelligence unit of special purpose. Participated in all combat and reconnaissance expeditions special intelligence unit of the Northern Fleet in the rear of the enemy. In 1943, commanding a platoon in reconnaissance, destroyed a convoy of enemy anti-aircraft regiment, took command of the prisoners and provided important information. Thugs garrisons on the shores of the Barents Sea. At Cape Cross captured an artillery battery and inflicted heavy losses on the enemy in manpower.
In August 1945, as part of a separate intelligence unit of the Pacific Fleet participated in the war against imperialist Japan. August 13 platoon of scouts under the command of M. A. Babikova was tasked to land in the South Korean port of Chongjin, seize the beachhead and hold it until the main forces landing.
After landing with torpedo boats, the paratroopers quickly rushed to the port. Here they were met by heavy fire of the Japanese batteries. Platoon Babikova broke into the southern part of the city, with the battle to capture the railroad bridge over the railway and highway, killing more than 50 soldiers and six cars. The Japanese counterattacked furiously, it came to melee fights. Makar Babikov was wounded, but did not leave the battlefield, while continuing to fight with a bandaged head. Over two days the paratroopers held in the city, beating off the incessant attacks of the enemy. Parts of the port more than once passed from hand to hand. On the night of August 15 reconnaissance platoon was pinned in the port, holding a narrow strip of the bay for as long as the bay is not included two Soviet warships.
Upon returning to base paratroopers heard the announcement of the surrender of Japan. August 20 platoon M. A. Babikova landed in the Korean city of Wonsan, where for three days kept fighting, forcing the 15 thousandth garrison to surrender. For these and other exploits in the battles in the Far East M. A. Babikova September 14, 1945 was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.
In 1946, by order of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) Sergeant-Major M. A. Babikov was transferred to the reserve and sent to the Komi regional party. From 1946 to 1948 worked as secretary of the Komi regional committee of Komsomol. In 1951 he graduated from the Higher Party School. Subsequently, the first secretary of the Komi regional committee of Komsomol (1951-1955), . Head of the KGB under the Council of Ministers of the Komi ASSR (1955-1959), . first secretary of the Pechora City Party Committee (1959-1962), . Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Komi ASSR (1962-1963),
. From 1963 to 1965 he worked in the apparatus of the CPSU Central Committee, and from 1965 until the release in 1986 on a pension was responsible worker of the RSFSR Council of Ministers.
M. A. Babikov awarded the Gold Star of Hero of the Soviet Union Order of Lenin, two Orders of Red Banner, Order of the Patriotic War II degree, the Red Star "Badge of Honor", with many medals
. He is the author of books: "On the eastern shore" (1975), . "In the summer of Forty-First" (1980), . "Special detachment" (1986), . "War in the Arctic" (1991), . telling about the battle towards special detachment of the Northern Fleet, . of raids in the enemy rear, . of the heroic defense of the Soviet Arctic, . the fate of its defenders - men, . Seafarers, . paratroopers.,
. He is fond of hunting and fishing.
. Lives in Moscow.