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Stuart James Ewell Brown

( Maj. Trooper)

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Biography Stuart James Ewell Brown
(February 6, 1833 - May 12, 1864)
. Brave, . courageous, . gay, . like a gallant knight of bygone centuries, . open and cheerful, . a hat with black plumes and gold star, . He remained in the memory of the Southern cavalry best of all time, . galloping into the attack under the Virgin ringtone, . played on the banjo.,
. Major General James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart, commander of the cavalry, Army of Northern Virginia, was born in Patrick County, Virginia, 6 th February 1833
. His American roots go back to Archibald Stewart, who with his family in 1726 and took refuge in the New World from religious persecution at home. The next generation of Virgin Stewart glorified Major Alexander Stuart, seriously wounded in the battle of Guilford Court House. His son, John Alexander, served as a federal judge in Illinois and Missouri, and was elected Speaker of the House of Representatives of the State. Son of John Alexander - Archibald Stuart - Attorney, . officer during the War of 1812, . Rep. Virginia, . married the heiress of an aristocratic family Letcherov, . and his offspring in the future has become an outstanding cavalry commander of the Confederacy, . legendary figure, . heroic and clothed in many myths and even folklore.,
. Children and youth were held in Stewart's study - first at Emory and Henry College, . then at the Military Academy at West Point, . which he graduated in 1854 from 13-m performance of forty-six cadets received the rank of second lieutenant, . He served first in Texas against the Apaches, . in the regiment of mounted riflemen, . and then in May 1855 was transferred to the newly formed 1 st Cavalry Regiment at Fort Livenuort,
. November 14, 1855, a month to obtain the rank of first lieutenant, at Fort Riley Stewart married Miss Flora Cooke, daughter of Colonel Philip George Cook. After the wedding, he stayed in Kansas and was wounded in battle with the Indians in Solomonz River. Being wounded, Jeb was able to hold his men back into the fort through 200 miles of desert without a compass, maps and Girl Scouts. In October 1859 a young officer was appointed adjutant of Colonel Robert E. Lee, who led an army operation in Harpers Ferry rebelled against a handful of adventurers led by the notorious terrorist John Brown of Kansas. It was Stewart Brown gave an ultimatum for the immediate surrender, which the rebels rejected.
. In April 1861 Stewart was promoted to Captain, . but soon resigned from the U.S. Army and joined the armed forces of the Confederate States of America, . received 10 May the same year lieutenant colonel Virginia Infantry under the command of Thomas J,
. Jackson. Already on July 16 Stewart became a colonel of cavalry, . serving as "eyes" of the army of Jackson and Johnston, . being as effective, . that Johnston later wrote to him from the western theater: "From now, . knowing, . You do not have me on watch, . I can not sleep, . nor is, . nor rest in peace ",
. It was Stewart's cavalry covered the movement of parts of Johnston to Manassas, . in the course of the battle on July 21 it also attacked the federal infantry, . pursued the fleeing Yankees twelve miles and took the height, . with that already provided a view of Washington,

. September 24, 1861 Jeb Stuart was promoted to brigadier general and as such has struggled with northerners have Mansonz Hill and in Dreynsville, . and further, . early 62-year, . was transferred to the Virginia Peninsula, . which covered the Confederate retreat from Yorktown, . tying the battle of Williamsburg, . and when the feds began to threaten Richmond, . Stewart then drew the attention and the South, . North and his unprecedented raid around McClellan Army,
. 25 July 1862 followed by the production of Stewart promoted to major general. The same summer he made the first desperate cavalry raid in the rear of the army of Pope, capturing half of the staff officers of the latter and taking the headquarters of the Pope in Katlets Station and then attacked the Federal Depot in Manassas Junction and destroyed his. Then Stuart was active in the Washington area, covered the commissioning of the Confederate troops in Maryland, his valiant soldiers constantly involved in numerous clashes with the Fed, and distinguished themselves in battle at South Mountain. In Sharpsburg (the battle of Antietam) Stewart held the left flank, and it was his horse artillery corps repulsed an offensive federal Sumner. In October, Stewart went to another raid on the Pennsylvania town Chambersberg, . rear positions Yankees, . On the way back slipped between the army and Washington McClellan, . defeating the many sent to intercept the federal units and lost for all time, only one person injured,
.
Progress Stewart completely demoralized the Union cavalry and almost brought her out of active operations against the Army of Northern Virginia. In the course of the battle of Chansellorsville, . when to midnight on May 2 were seriously injured Jackson and Hill, . Stewart took over command of 1 Corps, . and to the 3 rd May, . due to the personal courage and superb leadership of the troops, . as well as a desperate attack, 20 thousand Confederates at 80 thousand Yankees, . he was able to advance to Chansellors House and take an advantageous position,
. Stewart continued to command the corps, while the broken Hooker finally retreated.
Stewart commanded the cavalry during the South's largest equestrian battles in American history - the Battle of Brandy Station on June 9, 1863, which ended in a draw, although the Confederates, and left a battlefield. This battle demonstrated the strengthening of the federal cavalry and served an alarming sign southerners.
During the Gettysburg campaign, Stuart, guided by conflicting orders, once described the terms of the Union Army, having on its rear, but its absence on the battlefield deprived Lee "eyes and ears". Arriving at Gettysburg only a 2-second day of the battle, Stuart the next day tried to break through into the rear flank of Meade's army, but could not do it, having suffered a setback in battle with the cavalry Gregg and Custer. During the retreat from Pennsylvania, he managed to rehabilitate himself, when he defended against northerners Confederate wagons in Uilyamsporte. 5 th May 1864 Jeb Stuart's cavalry was in the forefront of Hill's corps, coming Grant. In an attempt to prevent the movement of the enemy to Spotsilveynia, Stewart tried to counterattack the main forces of the Yankees, but was distracted by a sudden raid Sheridan. May 11 at the Battle of Yellow Tavern Jeb Stuart was badly wounded and died the next day. His death caused a shock throughout the south, comparable only with the mourning of the stone wall Jackson. Stewart was (and had every reason to be) for a true national hero of the Southerners. Brave, . courageous, . gay, . like a gallant knight of bygone centuries, . open and cheerful, . a hat with black plumes and gold star, . He remained in the memory of the Southern cavalry best of all time, . galloping into the attack under the Virgin ringtone, . played on a banjo,
. And he was also thoughtful and considerate commander, when it was required by the circumstances. Not accidentally wounded in Chansellorsville Jackson, transferring command, said: "Let Stewart operates at its discretion. I trust him completely ". Instinctive understanding of the situation it betrayed a born soldier. Desperado swordsman, lover of cards and women, energetic, with a constant thirst for action adventurer, he loved his troopers, and they answered him the same. When the mortally wounded Stewart was asked how he felt, he said: "I find it easy and I'm ready to die, if God and my country think I have done my duty in front of them". Jeb Stewart's last words were: "I'm going fast. I retired. Yes will be done, Lord ". The body of James Ewell Brown Stuart rest in the cemetery in the former capital of the Confederacy - the city of Richmond, Virginia.


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