Hiram Berdan( Designer)
Comments for Hiram Berdan
Biography Hiram Berdan
(1826 - 31 March 1893)
His rifle was in service with Russia for more than 20 years
Hiram Berdan was born in Phelps, New York.
In the forties, get engineering education. He is fond of sport shooting in the fifties had a reputation as the best hands America.
During the "Gold Rush" invents a press for crushing gold-bearing quartz and are paid two hundred thousand dollars, which enabled him to marry and settle down in New York in his own house.
In 1861, the U.S. civil war began. Hiram Berdan invites the Government of Abraham Lincoln without the cost of the state to create a special unit, consisting of the best shooters.
June 14 Lincoln approved the creation of sniper compound under the command Berdan, who was promoted to colonel.
Berdan became famous for: the announcement of a set of sharpshooters were posted throughout the country.
Berdan sharpshooters armed his most advanced at that time weapons. That was the gun kaznozaryadnoe Sharpe.
For shotguns Sharpe used paper liners and conical bullets. "Snipers Berdan, no doubt killed more enemy soldiers than any other part of the Union army - the newspapers of the time.
However, in the army colonel was famous for its cowardice; barely heard the whistle of bullets, he immediately left the battle field.
Colonel appeared before the tribunal with a bad title of officer behavior.
Following the resignation of Berdan constructs weapons. Despite the obvious successes of the inventive, the contract with the U.S. Army, he had not received.
In 1867, Hiram Berdan submitted engineers Russian Imperial Army colonel and a lieutenant Gorlov Gunius. They chose a rifle Berdan.
Russian government ordered production of the Colt 30 thousand rifles Berdan system, and to them 7.5 million rounds of ammunition.
In 1869, Berdan comes to Russia. Visiting St. Petersburg, he suggested that the Government of Russia his new rifle - Berdan type N2 ". Soon the Emperor Alexander II signed a decree on the adoption of a Russian Imperial Army of the gun.
It is 10.67 mm caliber gun and was one of the most famous "rifle," spot on arming the army for twenty years until 1891, when he came to replace the equally renowned trehlineyka "caliber 7.62 mm design SI. Mosin.
Hiram Berdan remained in Europe until 1886. Ended his life in Washington, March 31, 1893.