Nicholas Beketov( Chemist)
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Biography Nicholas Beketov
(January 1, 1827 g - 1911)
He first used chlorine for bleaching paper and textiles, opened hypochlorites of alkali metals and potassium chlorate (bertolletovu salt ") (1788).
Nikolay Beketov was born on January 1, 1827, Mr.. the family of a naval officer.
In 1844, Mr.. He entered Petersburg University, but the third course went to Kazan University, where he became a disciple of Russia's famous organic chemist NN. Zinin. It would seem, and Beketov had to go in the footsteps of teachers and study organic matter, but things happened differently - the young Beketov interested in physical chemistry, while still zarozhdavshesya chemical science.
After graduating from the University Beketov returned to St. Petersburg, where in the chemical laboratory Zinin in Medical-Surgical Academy completed a master's dissertation work. This work initiated a broad program of Physical and Chemical Research.
In 1855, Mr.. N. N. Beketov moved to Kharkiv and became a professor of Kharkov University. After a trip abroad in 1858-1859 gg., . When Beketov visited many European countries, and attended lectures of outstanding chemists F. Wohler, . R. Bunsen, . A.Sent-Claire-Deville et al, . He came to the conclusion, . that "the rapid development of science and its practical applications requires, . to teaching at the university and study chemistry go hand in hand with independent research ",
Beketov quickly made discoveries in the Kharkov University in Russia, the first physical-chemical separation. At the office, he not only read to students a course of physical chemistry, but also supervised practical exercises to determine the vapor density and molecular weight substances, the study of spectra, etc.. In 1886. Beketov published his textbook on physical chemistry.
Later, on his initiative at the Kharkov University was established Community experimental sciences with the physical and chemical section, where he conducted research and read scientific papers. Scientific activities Beketova lasted 58 years, and all this time was devoted to their physical chemistry.
Beketov died in 1911.