DUNCAN Isadora (Isadora Duncan)( Dancer)
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Biography DUNCAN Isadora (Isadora Duncan)
(May 26, 1878 - September 14, 1927)
Life of Isadora Duncan promised to be unusual from the beginning. In his autobiography, she says of her birth: "The nature of the child has already been determined in the womb. Before my birth mother was going through tragedy. She could not eat anything except the oysters, which are washed down with icy champagne. If you ask me when I started to dance, I reply - in the womb. Perhaps because of the oysters and champagne. "
As a child, Isadora was unhappy - his father, Joseph Duncan, went bankrupt and fled before her birth, leaving his wife with four children in their arms without a livelihood. Little Isadora, which, hiding her age, at 5 years given to school, felt like a stranger among affluent classmates. This feeling, common to all children Duncan, and rallied around their mother, forming a "clan, Duncan, defies worldwide.
. In 13 years, Isadora dropped out of school, which she considered completely useless, and seriously took up music and dance, continuing self-education
At 18 years young Duncan came to Chicago to win and nearly married her suitor. It was a red-haired, bearded sorokapyatiletny Pole Ivan Miroski. The problem was that he too was poor. And besides, as it turned out later, still married. The failure initiated a novel series of setbacks in his personal life, which pursued a dancer all her life. Duncan was never absolutely, unconditionally happy.
Isadora insisted that the dance should be a natural extension of human movement, to reflect the emotions and character artist, the momentum for the emergence of dance should be a language of the soul. All of these ideas, innovative by nature, of course, in conflict with the ballet school of the time. A sharp estimate of the ballet nevertheless did not interfere with Duncan admire the grace and artistry of two Russian dancers - Kshesinskaia and Pavlova. Moreover, with the last of them later even became good friends, sincere tsenivshimi talent of each other.
Speeches dancers began with the secular parties, where she was hailed as a spicy addition, exotic curiosities: Isadora danced barefoot, that was a novelty and pretty shocked audience.
Tour noticeable increase financial position Duncan, and in 1903. She, along with his family made a pilgrimage to Greece. Dressed in tunics and sandals, eccentric aliens caused quite a stir on the streets of modern Athens. Travelers are not limited to a simple study of culture beloved country, they decided to make a contribution by building a temple on the hill Kapanos. In addition, Isadora selected 10 boys for the choir, who accompanied the singing of her statement.
Following married Miroski appeared a man, remained in her memory, and autobiography as Romeo. Spring, Budapest, and he, Oscar Berezha, a talented actor and a passionate lover, engagement and familiarity with his family - all this seemed like a fairy tale. A fairy tale, as we know, tend to end - Berezha preferred Isadora career. Engagement broken off.
The next intermediate character was Henrik Tode, educator and writer, once again married. Their relationship was purely platonic nature, this novel and was not destined to become something more. Because it appeared Craig.
Gordon Craig, a talented theatrical director, Teddy, as it was called Isadora, took a huge place in her life. And, as always, luck was not unconditional. From the beginning, they called their love "unreal", . Emphasizing its temporality, . - Craig tossed from one lover to another, . torn between the complicated financial affairs of Isadora and own creativity, . time which remained less and less,
. And yet they were madly in love with each other and piled mountains of letters and tender notes, which were separated.
And appeared Diderot, a girl, whose birth dreamed Isadora. Great dancer was 29 years old. This was followed by Craig's marriage to Helen, an old lover, with whom he associated these commitments. Isadora insanely jealous and ashamed of his jealousy. Even in early childhood, for example, her father, she realized that love can not be eternal. Further proof of this was the break with Craig.
At the end of 1907. Duncan gave several concerts in St. Petersburg. At this time, she made friends with Stanislavsky. Seeing how he admired her, Isadora could not refrain from attempts to turn it into something more. She describes this episode in his autobiography: when she once kissed his lips, "he was very surprised look ... He looked at me with horror, exclaimed: "But what shall we do with rebenkomN" "How rebenkomN" - I asked. "Our course". I laughed, and he looked at me sadly and walked away ". Nevertheless, this case does not destroy their friendship.
Isadora continued to be lonely. Once, when she was sitting in the theater dressing room, came to her man with curly blond hair and beard, handsome and confident. "Paris Eugene Singer," - he introduced himself. "That's my millionaire" - flashed in the brain in Isadora. Wasteful and eccentric dancer, unpaid bills are always taken out of equilibrium. And there were many accounts. Isadora, so in need of a child, liked to live luxuriously. And wealthy admirer fell very useful. Lohengrin, as Duncan called him, was the son of one of the inventors of the sewing machine, inherited an impressive state of the. Isadora attached to him, they traveled a lot together, he gave her expensive gifts and surrounded by tender care. From Lohengrin her son, Patrick, and she felt almost happy. But Singer was very jealous, and Isadora was not going to completely abandon the works acquired by such self-reliance and not flirt with other men besides, she always stressed that it is impossible to buy. Once they quarreled seriously, and, as always, when her love relationships to crumble, it is completely immersed in the work.
In January 1913. Duncan went on a tour to Russia. It was at this time she began a vision: that she heard the funeral march, then you have a premonition of death. The last straw had imagined it drifts between the two children's coffins. She calmed down a bit, only when met with the children and took them to Paris. Singer was happy to see her son and Diderot.
Children following a meeting with the parents together with the governess sent to Versailles. On the way the engine stalled and the driver went to check it, the engine suddenly earned and ... Heavy vehicle rolled into the Seine. Children could not be saved.
Isadora did not cry, she tried to alleviate the grief of those who were with her. Relatives initially surprised by the self-control, began to fear for her sanity. Duncan seriously ill. From this loss she never recovered.
One day, walking along the shore, she saw her children: they were holding hands, slowly entered the water and disappeared. Isadora dropped to the ground and sobbed. Above her bowed young man. "Save me ... Save my sanity. Give me a child "- whispered Duncan. The young Italian was engaged, and their relationship was short. A child born after this regard, he lived only a few days.
In 1921, Mr.. Lunacharsky formally invited the dancer to open a school in Moscow, promising financial support. However, the promises of the Soviet government did not last long, Duncan was given a choice - quit school and go to Europe or to earn money to go on tour. And this time she has another reason to stay in Russia - Sergey Yesenin. She was 43, her plump woman with close-cropped dyed hair. Him - 27, golden-haired poet athletic. A few days after they met, he carried belongings and moved to her own, to Prechistenka, 20.
Surprisingly, for all his great desire to love and be loved Isadora only one still married. And what happens on the calculation - Esenina otherwise released her abroad. This marriage was strange to all around, if only because the couple talked through a translator, not understanding each other's languages. It is difficult to judge the true relationship between this pair. Yesenin was subject to frequent changes of mood, sometimes it has found something, and he began shouting at Isadora, called him her last words, to beat, at times he became thoughtful, gentle and very attentive. Abroad Yesenin could not accept the fact that he is seen as a young man of great Isadora, this was also the cause of permanent scandal. It could not last long. "I had a passion, a passion. It lasted a whole year ... My God, how is blind I was!.. Now I do not feel to Duncan ". The result was thinking Esenina telegram: "I love the other, married and happy". They divorced, the benefit is so easy to do in Russia at that time.
The last her lover was a young Russian pianist Victor Serov. In common love for music, their loving brought together that he was one of the few sympathetic to her people, with whom she could talk about his life in Russia. She was 40, he - 25. Uncertainty about his attitude towards her, and jealousy brought Duncan to attempt suicide. Unsuccessful, but nevertheless extraordinary life of the great dancer already coming to an end. Just a few days, Duncan tied a red scarf, went on a car trip, abandoning the proposed coat, she said that the scarf warm enough. The car started moving, then suddenly stopped, and the surrounding saw that the head of Isadora fell sharply on the edge of the door. Scarf hit the wheel and axle, inhaled, broke her neck.
Isadora was buried in Paris, at the Pere Lachaise cemetery.
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