VOLYN Boris V.( Astronaut Russia)
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Biography VOLYN Boris V.
Boris V. VOLYN was born December 18, 1934 in the city of Irkutsk, but his childhood and youth in the city of Prokopyevsk (Kemerovo region).
With years of school was obsessed with the dream of becoming a pilot. In 1952 he graduated from high school. Receiving a secondary education, graduated from the first flying school, and then, in 1956 - Stalingrad (now - Volgograd) Military Aviation School. After graduating from college he served in the aviation wing of the Moscow District-defense (the pilot, senior pilot) flew the Mig-17.
In 1960 enlisted in the detachment of Soviet cosmonauts (1960 Air Force Group N 1). It has been fully trained to fly ships like the East. He was one of the stand-ins when flying space ships Vostok 3 and Vostok-4 in August 1962, the backup pilot spacecraft Vostok-5 in June 1963. Preparing to fly in spaceships Rise.
He was commander of the backup crew of the spaceship Voskhod-1 in October 1964. He was appointed commander of the main crew of the spaceship Voskhod-3 flight which is planned for late 1965.
Following the lifting of flight of Voskhod-3 and close the program Sunrise was transferred for training to fly on the Soviet lunar program. In 1968 he graduated from the Air Force Engineering Academy named after NE Zhukovsky. He was one of the stand-ins during the flight of the spacecraft Soyuz-3 in October 1968.
From 15 to 18 January 1969 made its first flight into space as commander of the spacecraft Soyuz-5. During the flight was carried out the world's first docking of two manned spacecraft Soyuz-4 and Soyuz-5, . and two members of the crew of the spaceship Soyuz-5 (Eliseev and Khrunov) made the transition through the open space in a spaceship Soyuz-4,
. The flight lasted 3 hours 54 minutes 15 seconds.
After the first flight continued preparations for the new flights into space on a Soyuz-type spacecraft and orbital stations, military-type diamond. In 1974 he was a support crew during the flight of the spacecraft Soyuz-14 and the backup crew during the flight of the spacecraft Soyuz-15.
From 6 July to 24 August 1976 made a second trip into space as commander of the spacecraft Soyuz-21. He worked on board the orbital station Salyut-5 (military space station Almaz-type). The flight lasted 49 days 6 hours 23 minutes 32 seconds. For two flights flown in space 52 days 7 hours 17 minutes 47 seconds.
After that, he was head of the cosmonaut corps training center for cosmonauts Gagarin. In 1980 he defended his thesis and received the degree of candidate of technical sciences. After retiring in 1990 from the cosmonaut corps was Vice President of International Association of Russia Cooperation. Currently working in a large commercial structure.
Twice Hero of the Soviet Union. He was awarded two Orders of Lenin, the Order of the Red Star. He was awarded a gold medal Tsiolkovsky, Honorable Mention name Komarov (FAI), gold mark the Jan Krasicki (Poland). Honorary citizen of Kaluga, Prokopyevsk, Vorkuta, Magadan (Russia), Kostanay (Kazakhstan).