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Blonsky, Pavel Petrovich

( Russia educator, psychologist and philosopher)

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Biography Blonsky, Pavel Petrovich
photo Blonsky, Pavel Petrovich
(1884-1941)
Born in Kiev, 14 (26) May 1884. He graduated from the historical-philological faculty of Kiev University. Engaged in ancient philosophy, especially Platonism. A student Chelpanov. Master's thesis is devoted to creativity Blonskii Dam. In Kiev, he publishes historical and philosophical research: The problem of reality in Berkeley; ethical problem with Ed.Gartmana etc.. In 1913, Blonsky became assistant professor at Moscow University. In addition to the historical and philosophical studies, Blonsky much attention to the problems of psychology and pedagogy, teaching and pedagogical discipline in the university Shanyavsky. At one time he was close to the SR, then (after the February Revolution) closer to the Bolsheviks. In his articles of this period Blonsky considered the possibility of development of the education system under socialism (Why do all workers must be socialists, school and social system). Despite the radical change in outlook (from Plato and Plotinus to Marxism), Blonsky remained a brilliant historian of philosophy, able to understand and appreciate the important ideas and positions, including those it does not close. Thus, in a lengthy article Kn. SN Trubetskoy and philosophy, . books on SN Trubetskoy Metaphysics in Ancient Greece and the doctrine of the Logos in its history, and published in the yearbook "The idea and the word '(published by G. Spцгth), . Blonsky is critical of many of the conclusions of the author and, . first, . convergence Trubetzkoy ancient metaphysics and mysticism with the follow Christian tradition,
. However, not sharing these historical and philosophical generalizations and the most religious and philosophical positions Trubetskoy, he was able to estimate its true value: 'For the book. SN Trubetskoy philosophy had a tremendous vital importance ... In his view, philosophy does philosophy, metaphysics, ie. whole and free supersensible knowledge of universal truth. Metaphysics - the coveted holy of holies of philosophy, her soul ... Kn. SN Trubetskoy was a metaphysician, not only as a philosopher-writer, but as a living psychological personality ... The history of metaphysics for him was not a dead history, but living metaphysics'.
Since 1919, Blonsky leads the Moscow Academy of Public Education. In 1930-1941 worked at the Institute of Psychology, a lot of effort spent on the development of the theory of pedology (they, in particular, has developed a genetic theory of memory). These scientific studies Blonskii were suspended after the ban pedology in 1930. Blonsky died in Moscow on Feb. 15, 1941.




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