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Bacon, Francis

( The English philosopher, astrologer and statesman.)

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Biography Bacon, Francis
photo Bacon, Francis
(Bacon), Baron Verulam, Viscount St. Albans
(22.01 [1.02] .1561, 7:38, London - 9.04.1626, Highgate)
English philosopher, astrologer and statesman. In 1617-21 he. (with Jacob I) Lord Privy Seal, Lord Chancellor of England. The founder of English materialism and methodology of experimental science. By AB, the true knowledge of nature is possible only through a combination of empirical evidence and rational thinking. The most important philosophical works B.: "The New Organon, or True guidance for the interpretation of nature" (1620) and a series of works relating to the "natural history" of individual phenomena and processes of nature.
B. believed that, just as the mechanical arts constitute the practice of physics, magic is intended to be the practice of metaphysics. B. struggled with subjectivity and in their thinking contemporary astrologers. In the essay "Common astrology, he admitted that this medieval science is full of superstitions, but believed that it can be checked and cleaned. B. argued that celestial bodies, except for light and heat, and have other influences, studying which would be to predict terrestrial phenomena such as natural disasters, rebellious heretics, revolution and Migrations. In the essay B. "The prophecy" given a lot of interesting information about Nostradamus. For the history of astrology, it is important that the B. was one of the first scientists involved in the allegorical interpretation of myths.
An interesting interpretation of B. notion of "elements". Fire, air, land and water they understood "not as the ultimate beginning of things, but as large masses of natural bodies. For the nature of things is distributed in such a way that the universe has a very large number or weight of some bodies, because their particular organization requires an easy and simple type of matter plexus. These are the four bodily substance ".
B. turns its attention to other occult sciences. He believed that the body and soul - these are two different entities, but interacting and revealing each other, so you can know something about the body, proceeding from a state of mind, and something of the spirit, based on the state of the body. The first of these arts - the interpretation of dreams, the second - physiognomy. These arts pointed BA, rest on very solid natural base. Taking physiognomy, offering expanded to examine not only the body structure and facial features, but its expression, gestures and other bodily movements, B. however, strongly rejected palmistry as "absolutely neserenuyu and empty thing."


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Bacon, Francis, photo, biography
Bacon, Francis, photo, biography Bacon, Francis  The English philosopher, astrologer and statesman., photo, biography
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