Terman (Terman) Lewis Meydison( American psychologist)
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Biography Terman (Terman) Lewis Meydison
(15.1.1877, Johnson Country, Indiana - 21/12/1956, Stanford) - American psychologist, expert on the measurement of intelligence and its development.
Completed training at the University of units. Indiana (BA, 1902, MA, 1903) and Clark University, under the direction of P. Hall (1903-1905, Ph.D., 1905). Since 1906. to 1910. a professor of psychology and pedagogy in the public high school in Los Angeles. Since 1910. worked as an assistant professor at the Faculty of Education at Stanford University in 1912. by 1916. it - an associative professor in 1916. by 1922. - Professor of Education, and from 1922 until his death - a psychology professor and executive dean of faculty of psychology at Stanford University.
. He has published over 200 works.
. In 1916, in connection with the preparation of America to join the first world war and the need for the selection of soldiers, the military authorities appealed to R.M
. Yerkes in order to develop appropriate tests, and he requested that Termen. Working on the basis of Stanford University, . Terman revised the Binet-Simon scale, . actually creating a new test, . called the 'Stanford-Binet scale' ( 'The measurement of Intelligence: An explation of and complete guide for the use of the Stanford revision and extention of the Binet-Simon Intelligence Scale', . Boston, . 1916),
. After receiving numerous data of the scale Stanford-Binet, especially when physical fitness of recruits of the armed services of the U.S., the test was again revised.
Together with K. Miles spent studying features of famous and brilliant people ( 'Genetic Studies of Genius', V. 1.4, . Stanford, . 1926-1948 (ao)), . in particular, spent about 300 biographies of famous historical figures and on the basis of their works, . Letters, . utterances and actions, attributed them to the likely level of intelligence (IQ) and arranged them in order (eg, . Goethe received 210 points, . Descartes - 180, . Napoleon - 145),
. Later it was studied the dynamics of the age of creativity, which were selected nearly a thousand the talented children (IQ above 140), whose development into adulthood (45 years) was observed in the longitudinal study. In the end, it was concluded that in everyday life, such individuals are more active and effective, and that these properties persist throughout life. In general, the Theremin understand the main factor endowments heredity.
. In the course of their research Theremin came to the justification of his theory of primary mental abilities, . to whom he related: verbal understanding, . fluency, . numerical computation, . spatial relations, . associative memory, . perceptual speed, . logical (inductive) thinking ( 'Primary mental abilities', . 'Psychometric Monographs', . 1938, . N 1; 'Factorial studies of intelligence', . 'Psychol,
. Monogr. ', 1941, N 2).
. For the tasks detailed longitudinal study of gifted children they created the concept of ownership test ( 'Concept Mastery Test') ( 'The gifted Child Grows up: Twenty-five Years Follow-up of a Superior Group', Stanford, Calif., 1947 (Joint
. with Oden MH)), which included job analogy, synonyms and antonyms. Engaged in research property expression of masculinity-femininity according to sex, . age, . belonging to certain occupational groups ( 'Sex and Personality', . NY, . 1936 (Joint: with Miles CC)), . as well as the prerequisites experience marital happiness ( 'Psychological Factors in marital Happiness', . 1938).,
. Develop a mathematical method of factor analysis