Heymans (Heymans) Gerardus( Netherlands philosopher, psychologist)
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Biography Heymans (Heymans) Gerardus
(17.4.1857, Ferverd, Friesland - 18.2.1930, Groningen) - Netherlands philosopher, psychologist. He graduated from a real school in Leeuwarden, where he studied political science and philosophy at Leiden in. Windelband and van Landa in Freiburg (Doctor of Science Policy, Doctor of Philosophy). Since 1890. he - professor of philosophy and psychology at the University of Groningen, a member of the Society for Experimental Psychology. Tried to improve the Kantian idealist metaphysics on the basis of psychological monism. Worked on problems of perception, . described the law of inhibition, . whereby threshold, . example, . auditory perception, . changes, . if the effect of another stimulus, . example, . electric current ( 'Untersuchungen uber psychologische Hemmungen', . 'Zeitsch,
. f. Psychol. ', 1899, 21; 1901, 26; 1904, 34, 1906, 41, 1909, 53). Engaged in the psychology of personality, characterology, one of the first to use the biographical method for studying personality, as well as apply for the statistics: in 1906-1909 i.i. with E.D. Wiersma has developed a questionnaire of 90 questions for the study of personality characteristics, . through which conducted extensive research (it was analyzed more than 2000 people and 100 biographies), . trying on the basis of correlation to identify the most universal personality characteristics,
. He came to the allocation of these primary properties, as emotionality, activity, irritability - reactivity. These studies focus Le Senn when creating your characterology. Proposed a classification of psychiatric disorders on the dominance of primary or secondary properties. Literature.