Theodor Schwann( German physiologist and histologist)
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Biography Theodor Schwann
190 years since the birth of Theodor Schwann (1810-1882), German physiologist and histologist
. After graduating from the University of Bonn in 1833 and training in Cologne and Wц+rzburg Theodor Schwan worked in 1834-1838 in the anatomical museum of the University of Berlin with the famous physiologist Johannes Peter Mц+ller
. In 1838 he was appointed professor of anatomy at Louvain (Belgium), then moved to Liege (Belgium), where in 1858 headed the Department of Physiology. Conducted research in various fields of biology. Investigated the effect of oxygen on the development of eggs of birds. 1836 opened the digestive enzyme pepsin, he studied the processes of decay and fermentation. In 1839 published his classic essay, the very title of which reflected the essence of the cell theory - "Microscopic studies of compliance in the structure and growth of animals and plants". The basis of this theory he put a few assumptions: 1) as plants, . and animals, . inherent unity of structure, 2) in the basis of the structure of all organisms is the cell, and 3) the formation of more and more cells - the principle of organic growth and development of plants and animals, and 4) cell is the basic biological unit, 5) the organism as a whole is the sum of its cells formed,
. According F. Engels, the establishment of cell theory was, along with the law of energy transformation and evolutionary theory, one of the three greatest discoveries in science in XIX. Member of the Royal Society of London (1879), the Paris Academy of Sciences (1879), a member of the Academy of Sciences in Brussels (1841).