Evans-Pritchard (Evans-Pritchard), Edward Evans( English explorer Social Anthropology)
Comments for Evans-Pritchard (Evans-Pritchard), Edward Evans
Biography Evans-Pritchard (Evans-Pritchard), Edward Evans
(1902-1973) - English. researcher of social anthropology, especially known for its classical. research AFR. cultures. Studied sovr. history at Oxford (1921-24), earned a Doctor of Philosophy in London. School of Economics (1927). He taught at Oxford (1928-40) and held numerous. fieldwork in South. Sudan. Prof.. sociology at the University those Fouad [in Cairo (1932-34). In 1946-70 Professor. social anthropology at Oxford, Rector University (1963-65). In 1971, elevated to a knighthood. Basic Fixes. D: 'Sorcery, magic and oracles uazande' (1937), 'Nuer' (1940), 'Essays
social anthropology '(1962).
Typically, E.-P. considered to be structural and functional school of anthropology, but analysis of his work shows his creatures, the differences with the pillars of this trend Radcliffe-Brown and Malinowski. After experiencing so, the influence of French. Sociology. Schools and English. functionalist anthropologists, he generally shared the basis of their approach to the study of the Society and made an important contribution to the development of structural and functional traditions of their research relationship and religion. However, he considered social anthropology as primarily gumanistich. and opisat. discipline OCH. task to -
Roy is the interpretation and achievement of an adequate understanding of other cultures, rather than the wording of laws and social theories. Being a supporter of empiricism in anthropology, he gave priority to the ethnographic field work, and he conducted extensive field research, Chapter. arr. in South. Sudan, gathered extensive etnogr. material of popular Azanda, Nuer, Anuak, Luo, Shilluk, Bedouin of Libya, etc.. E.-P. believed that the theory. generalizations can be made only in the behavior has had a large accumulation of which:. material provides a sufficient basis for reasonable compared
s and conclusions. Having hist. education, E.-P., unlike Radcliffe-Brown, who spoke against the use of history. data in the structural analysis of the-in, believed that anthropology should be closely linked with the history. He has made a significant contribution to the development of history. anthropology: he not only revived the interest of anthropologists to orally transmitted stories, but he effectively combined etnogr. observations from the study of events in time, using the studies of oral and archival sources.
Research topics цT-P. reflect the diversity and breadth of scientific interests: magic and religion, kinship and marriage (he made a great contribution to the development of the theory of lineage, studied acephalous lineages in Nuer), polit. ADF system. tribes and their relationship with systems of kinship and religion. beliefs, perception of time and space and its relationship with decomp. aspects of social experience; dance and its function in the primitive on-wah; social functions of ritual obscenity; Institute of paternity; terms appeals; deviant sexual behavior, cannibalism, onomatopoeia, etc.. Especially
great contribution цT-P. in the study of magic. The study of magic he showed at Azanda, . that ideas, . underlying magic, . in their own rational and closely related to everyday social experience, . and that they may be criticized no more, . than any other philosophical or religious beliefs,
. He argued that the seemingly 'irrational' exotic. beliefs are always inside. rac. meaning within the experience of any of the Society, and vice versa, each of of has a fundamental existential beliefs, standing outside rac. logic of science.
In later life цT-P. lot of teaching, patronized numerous. fieldwork in different parts of the world, did much to popularize French. Sociology. classics, encouraging the publication of translations, helped found Oxford, b-ki AFR. culture.