BIDNYI (Bidney) David( American cultural anthropology, prof. anthropology department at Indiana University-ta)
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Biography BIDNYI (Bidney) David
(1908-1987) - Amer. cultural anthropology, Professor. anthropology department at Indiana University-ta, a specialist in the history of anthropology. thought, cultural theory, compare, ethics, compare, mythology, philosophy, social science, philosophy, history.
Formation B. happened at Yale University are, where in 1932 he defended his Doctoral. dis. 'The problem of values in the metaphysics of Spinoza', then continued his work and in 1940 published the first in English literature re-criticism-history. study on the analysis of Spinoza's philosophy of emotion ( 'Psychology and Ethics of Spinoza', 1940), which provides the reader with a scientific interpretation of the philosophy of Spinoza, proves the originality of his ideas in the common Philosophy. tradition, the significance of the contribution to psychology, traces the influence of philosophy and ethics of Spinoza on the development sovr. thought in the field of metaphysics, psychology and the theory of values. Investigation of history of science, together with studies anthropology, to-heaven is DOS. scope Professor. B. interest, create an unusual synthesis of. General cut-you this long work, he collects in the 'Theory. Anthropology ', 1953, to-paradise becomes ch. book of his life. The meaning and the overall thrust of the work were defined name, to-Roe was to emphasize that anthropology has his own. Corps theor. knowledge. Such a position is B. explained officially negative attitude to the theory. constructions, shaped in the school Boas.
B. not without reason to believe that Amer. cultural anthropology has accumulated vast experience not only as practical. study, and theory. understanding of culture and thought it his duty to compile and analyze all DOS. metaantropol. postulates, . made to the 40-th years.: as such he considered the problem of human rights and peace, . concept of culture, . problems of cultural dynamics, . ratio of ethnology and psychology, . the concept of myth, . concept of cultural crisis, . ways of cultural integration, etc.,
Advancing the concept metaantropologii, B. emphasized that this is not just another name for anthropological. theory, but the definition for a special kind of theory associated with the problems of cultural reality and human nature, Tourist Office. enter the name metaantropologii for the science of culture.