Florensky Pavel( Orthodox thinker, scientist, representative of the silver age of the national culture)
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Biography Florensky Pavel
(1882-1937)-orthodox thinker, scientist, representative of the Silver Age Patriotic. Culture. Received a secular (physico-mat. Moscow Branch. Zap) and spiritual (Mosk. Theological Academy) education. He defended his master's thesis. 'On the spiritual truth', to-heaven was the basis of its Chapter. Labor 'Pillar and Foundation of Truth' (1914). In 1911 received the priesthood. In different periods of his life he taught in Moscow. Spirit. Academy (1908-19), in 1921 became a professor VHUTEMAS'a. In the 20-ies. F. participated in research work in connection with the electrification plans. In 1933, was repressed. The conclusion of the camp is not interrupted scientific communication with the VI. Vernadsky and scientific researchers. activity of the F. He worked Permafrost collecting material to Oroch-rus. Dictionary, wrote the work on the problems of extraction of iodine and agar-agar from seaweed, made a number of other scientific discoveries and inventions.
Synthesise ecclesiastical and secular culture, connect with the Church, and without board-l. reproduce all the compromises put, the doctrine of the Church and the scientific and Philosophy. outlook together with the art - this seemed to V. back in 1904 one of the immediate objectives of its activities. Vital tasks F. was the search for unity in the world soulless civilization, permeated antinomies, the search for wholeness to the future outlook, based on the harmony of faith and reason, philosophy and theology, art and science. Philosophy in the representation F. must deal Concrete. intuition and experience of intelligent entities, ie. Worship. Attaching eliminate, the role of the church in the formation and transformation of culture, he left a vast theological and religious-Philosophical. Heritage on the problems of ecclesiology, pastoral aesthetics sophiology etc..
Cultural V. documented fact bundles of culture, the manifestation of signs of its demise in the material and households. and spiritual spheres. Causes of disease of the Society lies in the outlook of man, to-ing imagines himself to be God, and limited their median world culture, in a rum-concealed degeneration and death. F. believed that people nowadays are pulled out from kosmich. cycle, turning away from the gods. Sofia and close in his arrogance, not realizing (or realizing too late) that they are on the verge of despair, hopelessness, on the brink of.
Basic Fixes. theme of cultural-historical. F. beliefs, as follows from its 'Abstract' is the negation of culture as a single in time and space of the process. Culture - is the fruit of efforts and development of terrestrial rights, including the creation of material conditions of life and the moral., Intellectual property. And in this sense, culture antinomic, it is temporary in nature. Depending on what kind of brow-PM. activity - the material and economical. or rationalist - is the basis for culture, EF. distinguish 'economism' and 'idealism' as DOS. kulturologich. concept, developed the idea of a rhythmically changing crop types: Wed-century. and Renaissance. Denying evolution and development of culture, he held the sacred concept of culture, according to Roy-cult is the 'mother's bosom culture'.
Religion is not part of cultural life, it is fed from eternity and its purpose is to achieve immediate. connection with the deities, the essence. It is a religion of cultural activities reported higher unity and the ultimate purpose. Religion helps to keep the Image rights and so determines the development of a genuine culture. The moral. idea, statehood, painting, architecture, lit-ra, rus. School and Russian. science - all these lines in Russian. culture converge in pervouzle, the deities, the source,. And only thanks to him and his visible embodiment, whether the Trinity-Sergius Lavra monastery or hermitage, or the Church itself, there is a formation of ODA. values, separate values are merged, are synthesized and become the 'bud' of culture, the origins of spirituality and beauty. It is from the cult experience other human activities.
Sophiology opened ODA. the possibility of resolving conflict, ie. the possibility of the dialectic, of a swarm-written EF. Against the background of social cataclysms beginning of the century, crumbling stereotypes of scientific knowledge, their official crisis. Orthodoxy is widely understood by the image of Sophia could not, appeared to be the guarantor of salvation, serve as a binder began, embody the unity and integrity of the world. Interpreted them as' hypostatic system peace missions. thinking 'God, Sofia carried the vsechelovech. unity in the earthly life embodied in the Church. Rationale for the spiritual values of Orthodox religion, its significance for man, his culture and on the islands - this is the leitmotif of Philosophy. F. positions, called them 'CONCRETE. metaphysics'.
F. introduced a many-sided contribution to the development of Russian. Culture. It is closely communicated with lit. community sinks. intellectuals, in particular, with A. White, Bryusov, Merezhkovsky, printed in editions of the Symbolist movement 'New Path' and 'Balance'. He was involved not only a theory. researches in the field of art, its distinguished Poetic. talent (Sat.. poem 'In the eternal azure', 1907). F. maintained contact with famous artists. M.V. Nesterov in 1917 wrote a double portrait 'philosophers', which depicted on. Paul and his friend with. N. Bulgakov in the garden Florensky in Sergiev Posad. Later F. approaches the VA. Favorsky, collaborating with literary and artistic. association 'Makovets'. After the revolution in 1918, he received an invitation to join the Commission for the Protection of works of art and antiquities of the Trinity-Sergius Lavra, and gave a lot of energy saving th. domain, revealing the cultural and historical. value Lavra ( 'Project Museum of the Trinity-Sergius Lavra', 'Trinity-Sergius Lavra and Russia'). As academic secretary and keeper of the sacristy, F. engaged in scientific description of the artist. values Lavra, has published a number of interesting works on the monuments of Russian. Orthodox culture, etc., paid much attention to the work Byzas. Section Moscow. Inst historical artist. research and museology at Ros. Academy of History of Material Culture Narcompros, participated in the organization of the museum-reserve 'Abramtzevo', Eng. (now the State.) history. Museum. F. combined hard instructors., scientific researchers. work with the editorial-dat. activities in the 'Theological Journal' (1912-17), published Mosk. Spirit. Academy, in 'Tech. encyclopedia '(1927-28), for k-Roy had written over 140 articles. He continued scientific inquiry, has left a number of inventions and discoveries in the field of technology. Of interest are his ideas about space, the direct and inverse perspective, he developed problems of linguistics, problems of symbolism, etc..
Great value creativity V. not only for Orthodox theology, but also for the world and Patriotic. science, philosophy and culture, which certainly puts him in a number of major thinkers of the 20 centuries.