HARRIS (Harris) Marvin( American cultural anthropologist, Professor. Columbia)
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Biography HARRIS (Harris) Marvin
(p. 1927) - Amer. cultural anthropologist, Professor. Columbia University Press, in 1963-66 headed the Department of Anthropology Zap. Lectured in all the most mean, colleges and un-max U.S.. Field studies conducted in Mozambique, Brazil, Ecuador, and India. Known for his work in the field of ethnography, ethnology and cultural theory to trace. areas: race relations in Brazil, cultural ecology, economical. anthropology, history of the theory. thought in anthropology, etc.. Basic Fixes. methodology. approach X. in the scientific lit-re (in t.ch. in the domestic) is equated to cultural determinism, and often is associated with Marxism. X. determines its researchers. strategy as cultural materialism. With its T. sp. cultural materialism linked into a whole environmen. and socio-cultural trend in anthropology.
X. based on materialistic. explanation of social reality. His theory is based on the study of the relationship demogr. pressure on the natural environment and its response to the ODA. sociocultural systems. From Financials. essence of man (the need for food, etc.) identifies four universal levels of humane. organization: I) infrastructure of production and reproduction (human), 2) the structure of household and his political economy, 3) superstructure of social relations, 4) mental (intellectual) or emic superstructure. Each of these levels - the determinant for the subsequent. Virtually Theory X. a variant of environmen. determinism. X. argument leads environmen. character to determine the causes of the prohibitions on food, a variety of taboos and cannibalism, according to the rye-existing anthropological. tradition, interpreted as a cut-t rel. practice. X. believed that human cultural evolution takes place within the channel to the border-cerned defined cultural and environmen. conditions, whereas the modes of production determine the nature of this channel.
X. not formally apprentice L. White, but actually develops problems that are central to the cultural and evolutionary trends in cultural anthropology United States.