Arts Narcissus( German psychologist, the representative of the Wurzburg school.)
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Biography Arts Narcissus
(1871-1946), German psychologist, the representative of the Wurzburg school. In experimental studies A. showed that the subject, has begun to address its task and is usually unconscious has its plant, to A-Rui. called 'determining tendencies'. This assertion has played an important role in overcoming the prevailing at the beginning of XX century. interpretation of thinking as an associative process. Rejecting the position, according to the rum-sensory elements of consciousness are images (perception or presentation), A. proposed to define the concept of these, the term 'conscious of'. Trying to improve the methodology 'experimental introspection', . he demanded of the subject n and the task of dismembering his inner experience (the data of introspection) at successive time-pieces and each of them carefully analyze ( 'volitional activity and thinking', . 1905),
. Studying the process of thinking,. invented one of the experimental procedures of thinking, to-heaven was modified in Soviet psychology L. S. Vygotsky and other psychologists.