PEM Alexander( English psychologist)
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Biography PEM Alexander
(1818-1903) - English psychologist. As one of the leaders of associative psychology, . sought to give it a physiological orientation, . so that the possibility was closely linked with the mental processes of the brain and sensory organs ( 'Feelings and intellect', . 1855; 'Emotions and the will', . 1859), . focusing reflections, . instincts, . skills,
. A significant part of his research was given to the muscle system in the body in the activities of a swarm-recognized spontaneity. The principle of spontaneous activity was due to the formation of skills through repetition random acts of inter-ryh fixed those that lead to success. Combination of spontaneity with the mechanistic (the selection is a useful way of blind search) served as the basis of the principle of 'trial and error', which became the lead in many areas of psychological. In understanding the association B. considered the primary adjacency, secondary - the similarity. He singled out a special kind of creative associations. The traditional five senses attached organic sense (which included the muscular sensations). Promotes the concept of psychophysical parallelism.