David Wexler( American psychologist, psychiatrist and psihodiagnost)
Comments for David Wexler
Biography David Wexler
Wexler (Wechsler), David (12.1.1896, Lespedi, Romania - 2/5/1981, New York City) - American psychologist, and psychiatrist psihodiagnost, creator of world-famous intelligence test for adults and children.
. Educated at the College of New York City (Master of Arts, 1916) and Columbia University (Ph.D., 1925)
. Since 1932. by 1967. worked as chief psychologist at Bellevue Psychiatric Hospital in New York City. Since 1942. by 1970. was a clinical professor at the Medical College of New York City, since 1970 - an honorary professor.
. When used in his time, intelligence tests were developed initially for children and adults were transferred after adding jobs more difficult, but the same type, Wexler created a test - the scale of Wechsler-Bellevue - especially for adults
. By 1939, Mr.. published the first version of the scale ( 'Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence Scale'), which soon became the most common in the U.S.. In this test have been merged a variety of techniques, most of which are widely used in the past, but Wexler suggested the procedure of their rigid standards, ie. imposed restrictions on the time and set performance standards - the average test rate for performing mental tasks for all members of this age group.
. In contrast to the Stanford-Binet test, assignments in this test are not grouped by age level, and united in subtest and are arranged in order of increasing complexity
. This Veksler combined in a single set of tests of verbal and practical intelligence with a separate calculation for verbal IQ subtest and the subtest of. It Wexler gave the definition of intelligence as a global ability to act reasonably and rationally thinking and good to deal with life's circumstances.
In 1955, Mr.. Wexler has prepared a new version of the test for adults ( 'Manual for the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale', NY) - WAIS, in 1949. Wexler has developed a version of the test for children ( 'Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children') - WISC, and in 1967. - The scale of intelligence for preschoolers and primary school children ( 'Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence') - WPPSI.
. Suggested the use of their techniques in a psychiatric hospital, for setting a differential diagnosis, based on the fact that intellectual functions can be selectively destroyed with brain damage and mental
. Created as a battery of tests to assess memory ( 'Standaized memory scale for clinical use', 'J. Psychol. ', 1945, 19, 87-95).
Conducted research on age changes in intelligence and memory. Worked on creating their own versions 'lie detector'