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Wundt (Wiindt) Wilhelm Max

( it physiologist, psychologist and philosopher)

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Biography Wundt (Wiindt) Wilhelm Max
(1832-1920) - It physiologist, psychologist and philosopher. He studied medicine at Heidelberg, where he was assistant professor, since 1864 Professor. Physiology. His first major work 'Beitrage zur Theorie der Sinneswahrnehmung' (1859-62) is devoted to the influence of eye movements on the idea of space. In 'Vorlesungen uber die Menschen-und Tierseele' (1863-64) Experimental and Physiological. method supplemented etnologich. data. Gradually. transferred from medicine to philosophy. In 1874 he succeeded FA. Lange at the Department of inductive philosophy at Zurich, published the first one of the most significant for the history of the experiment, psychology works 'basic physiology, psychology' (1874). A more detailed exposition of his psychology, he will give later in the 'Outline of Psychology' (1896). In 1875 he took a professorship at the department of philosophy at Leipzig, where the suit experimental psikhol. laboratory - the first university scientific institution of this type. In 1883-1903 publishes 'Philosophische Studien' (20 vols.).
In parallel with the physiology. deals with the theory of knowledge. In this paper, 'Physical axioms and their relation to the principle of causality' (1866) he makes an attempt to bring OCH. Physics of the principle of causality. In Development. problems of epistemology is embodied in the 'Logic' (1880-83). It In. sees science as history. granted the spiritual life of mankind, and not as a quest for perfect knowledge, need to be supplemented, rationale.

The concept of society, science in. following: despite the fact that on of its development is never at rest, you can specify a relatively stable social condition, to-rye may be described by setting the general concepts and principles. This is an area of sociology, decaying, however, the Dep. sciences (ethnology, demography, and gosudarstvovedenie, which includes polit. economy and law). But sociology - an imperfect science, tk. understand the state can only be in its causes, observing the formation of the Society. This is the sphere of history, for a swarm-In. offers six laws - three laws of mental. relations (Law resultants in a rum-expressed in the principle of 'creative. synthesis'; law relationship, law of contrasts), and three of the law (the law of spiritual growth, the heterogeneity of the law: the law of one extreme to the other).

'Logic' in. includes a wealth of material from smashing, areas of knowledge and perceived Encyclopedia. In the same manner, written and 'Ethics' (1886). Etich. In principle for. - ODA. fact, to-ing to recognize and transmit to future generations, not tending to his justification in Concrete. situation. The basis for ethics in. Psychology is the people, showing how there etich. principles from the history. and social ties. Psychology devoted special people. Research 'psychology of peoples' (1900-02) and' Elements of peoples' psychology '(1912). Hd. thought in. lies in the fact that the individual consciousness through the medium of language, religion, living habits and customs associated with the life of the people in general. The individual will find themselves as part of the common will, and the latter determines the motives and goals of the first. Culture and History is the true common life, not cut-t combinations Dep. aspirations. People and nations are transient, and 'the spirit of history' forever and always right, even though its laws or about neosoznavaemy-tion, or individuals. Res-T always acts last beyond soznat. motives and goals, and cause unintended consequences the new aspirations. Tourist Office. individual can do, and the general consciousness - to keep the results of this creativity. V. claimed to have strong minds, capable of providing leadership impact on the direction of the general will.

Final Philosophy. concept is given in. in the works 'system of philosophy' (1889) and 'Introduction to philosophy' (1901).


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Wundt (Wiindt) Wilhelm Max, photo, biography
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