Kleist, Karl( German psychiatrist, neurologist and pathopsychology)
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Biography Kleist, Karl
Kleist (Kleist) Carl (31.1.1879, Mц+hlhausen, Alsace - 26.12.1960, Frankfurt) - German psychiatrist, neurologist and pathopsychology. Educated at the universities of Strasbourg, Heidelberg, Berlin, Munich (doctoral dissertation, 1902); worked with the 1903. by 1908. as an assistant E. Tsiena, K. Wernicke, D. Anton's at the clinic of nervous diseases g. Galle, y Dzh.L. Eydingera in neurological and psychiatric institute in Frankfurt and in the anatomical laboratory of the Munich psychiatric clinic.
Especially great influence on him had to. Wernicke, work which he tried to continue. Widespread fame he had brought a doctoral thesis on 'psychomotor disturbances of movement in mental disorders' ( 'Untersuchungen zur Kenntnis der psychomotorischen Bewegungsstorungen bei Geisteskranken', Lpz., 1908).
Since 1909. by 1914. it - the main clinic of nervous diseases in g. Erlandene (Director G. Specht), here a Ph.D in psychiatry and neurology to fill the post of assistant professor in 1915. - An extraordinary professor in 1914. by 1916. - Chief surgeon of the hospital.
Since 1916. Kleist - ordinary professor of psychiatry and neurology in Rostock in 1916. by 1919. - Consultant neurological hospital in Mecklenburg and the head of the hospital provision for brain injury in Rostock in 1920. to the resignation in 1950, Mr.. - An ordinary professor and director of psychiatric and neurological clinic of the University of Frankfurt.
Much effort was given leadership of designing, constructing and equipping the new clinic of nervous and mental diseases in Frankfurt (1927-1930), founded the Research Institute of the brain pathology and psychopathology.
Teacher K. Leonhard
. Formulated a methodological requirement for the taxonomy of violations, , . expressed as a specific symptom or syndrome, . have a certain hereditary-biological substrate and presentable extremely low psychological phenomena,
. On submission of numerous observations of psychological disorders as a result of gunshot wounds to the head of formulated his theory of 'narrow localization of' higher mental functions, . according to which the scheme of the cerebral cortex to include such functions, . a 'mood', . 'understanding of the phrase', . 'private and public H',
. Also trying to find a link mental illness with disturbances in brain activity, in particular, spatially, in the substrate of the brain to localize schizophrenia.
He was engaged in post-traumatic neuroses, formulated the concept of involutional paranoia (1913), symptomatic lability (1920), episodic twilight of consciousness (1926), homogeneous symptoms of psychosis. Expanded taxonomy of endogenous psychoses, the proposed E. Crepeline, especially considered in detail depressive psychosis and highlight the phenomenological complex contempt and hatred, which, according to the patient, feed him around.
Gave the classic description of the violation of the motives (aspontannost, narrowing the range of interests) and criticality, when the lesions of the frontal lobes ( 'Die alogische Denkstorungen', 'Arch. f. Psychiatrie ', 1930, N 40; Gehirnpathologie, Lpz., 1934