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Cesare Lombroso

( Italian psychiatrist and criminologist)

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Biography Cesare Lombroso
photo Cesare Lombroso
(18.11.1836, Verona - 19.10.1909, Turin) - Italian psychiatrist and criminologist, founder of the anthropological school of criminology. In youth experienced material deprivation, was imprisoned in a fortress on suspicion of conspiracy, participated in hostilities 1859-1860 GG
Since 1855, Mr.. began to publish their articles on psychiatry, in particular on cretinism. Since 1862. Lombroso - professor of mental diseases in the University of Pavia, then director of the Clinic of mental diseases in the Peyzaro, in 1876, Mr.. - Professor of Psychiatry and criminal legal anthropology in Turin.
. One of the first undertook a systematic study of criminals, based on a strictly fixed by the anthropometric data, using, in particular, 'craniography', designed to measure the size of parts of the face and head.
. Offender, . his opinion, . - A degenerate, . lags behind the development of mankind, . which can not inhibit their criminal behavior, the best strategy for the society in respect of such 'born criminal' - get rid, . depriving of liberty or life,
. The main signs of underdevelopment and criminal tendencies ( 'revert'), he confessed: flattened nose, low forehead, large jaws, etc.. ( 'stigmata').
Possessing a large factual material, Lombroso was able to identify that some crimes are seasonal in nature. Advanced the thesis that corresponds to the genius of abnormal brain activity, which borders epileptoidnym psychosis ( 'Genio e follia', 1864, in Russian. Lane.: 'Genius and Madness', St. Petersburg., 1892.
Influenced the creation of a morphological theory of temperament E. Kretschmer. Subsequently, this mechanistic theory of the biological predisposition to crime has been refuted by most experts


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Cesare Lombroso, photo, biography
Cesare Lombroso, photo, biography Cesare Lombroso  Italian psychiatrist and criminologist, photo, biography
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