Monakow (Monakow) Constantine von( Swiss neurologist, neyroanatom, neuropsychologist, and philosopher)
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Biography Monakow (Monakow) Constantine von
(4.11.1853, Bobrezovo, Russia - 19.10.1930, Zц+rich) - Swiss neurologist, neyroanatom, neuropsychologist, and philosopher. Been influenced by the psychological school Wurzburg. Critic of the classical theory of localization of psychological functions. He carried out fruitful researches the psychological effects arising from the defeat of various parts of the cerebral cortex. He came to the conclusion, . that the fallout of any psychological operations can be judged only on the zone of destruction, . but not on the localization of mental function, . in accordance with that introduced the concept of 'Asem', . characterizes, . that violations of the complex symbolic functions can occur in a variety of localization of brain,
. Based on the idea of the hierarchical organization of the brain, . introduced the concept of 'diashizisa ", . which implies, . that any organic lesion, . how the nervous system, . and internal organs, . creates around itself a zone of functional dynamic changes, . because of this lesion sites, . which is not associated with higher mental functions, . can also lead to their violation, . On the other hand, . in violation of part of the brain, . associated with a higher mental function, . she, . some time, . can be realized already other sites ( 'Die Lokalisation im Grosshirn und der Abbau der Funktionen durch corticale Herde ", . Wiesbaden, . 1914),
. As the author of this research is appreciated ap. Luriey, who believed Monakova 'one of the most profound and cautious neurologists of our time ". In the last 15 years of his life while carrying out further research on the anatomy and evolution of the brain involved in border issues of medicine and philosophy. In his writings' Gefuhl, Gesittung und Gehirn ", 1916, and" Psychiatrie und Biologie ", 1919, addressed the issue of psychophysical parallelism, and came to the conclusion of the independence of higher mental functions of the brain substrate. He turned at the same time the concept of 'hormonal' (Greek. - Aspiration), which refers to the creative impulse, which characterizes the level of protoplasm and is already serving primordial instincts. This concept is very close to the concept of elan vital A. Bergson, for whom it acted fundamental principle of evolution and intelligence, and intuition.