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Potebnia Alexander Afanasievich

( Russian linguist, psychologist, Slavic, ethnographer)

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Biography Potebnia Alexander Afanasievich
photo Potebnia Alexander Afanasievich
(1835-1891), Russian linguist, psychologist, Slavic, etnograf.rodilsya September 10, 1835, in a poor noble family Romny district, Poltava province, studied in Radom school and at Kharkov University in History and Philology. The University Potebnya's advice and benefits P. and H. Lavrovsky and was partly under the influence of Professor Metlinskogo, a great admirer of Little Russian language and poetry, and student Negovskiy, one of the earliest and most zealous collectors of Little-Russian songs. In youth Potebnya also collected folk songs, some of them included in "Proceedings of etn.-st. exp. "Chubynskyi. Not stay long teacher of Russian literature in the gymnasium of the Kharkov, . Potebnya to protect the master's thesis "On some characters in the Slavic Folk Poetry" (1860), . began to lecture at Kharkov University, . first as an adjunct, . then as a professor,
. In 1874,. defended his doctoral thesis "From Notes on Russian grammar. Consisted Head of the Kharkiv Historical-Philological Society and a corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences. He died in Kharkov 29 November 1891, Mr.. Very heartfelt his obituaries were published by professors VI. Lamansky, ms. Drinov, A.S. Budilovichem, MM. Alekseenko, M.E. Halanskim, N.F. Sumtsova, B.M. Lyapunov, DI. Bagaleem and many others, they gathered Kharkov historical philological society and published in 1892. separate book. Other biographical data Potebnia cm. in "Materials for the history of Kharkiv University" H. Sumtsova (1894). Accessible presentation of the linguistic Potebni given in an extensive article by Professor D.N. Ovsyaniko-Kulikovsky "Potebnya as a linguist and thinker" (in the Kiev Antiquities ", 1893, and Dep.). A detailed review of ethnographic works Potebni and evaluation of their cm. I issue a "Little Russian Contemporary Ethnography" H. Sumtsova (p. 1 - 80). In addition to the above theses, . Potebnya wrote: "Thought and Language" (a series of articles in the Journal of the Ministry of National Education ", . 1862; the second posthumous edition published in 1892), . "On the connection of certain representations in the language" (in "Philological Notes", . 1864, . No.,
. III), . "The mythical meaning of certain rituals and beliefs" (in 2 and 3 books, "Reading the Moscow Society for the History and Ancient.", . 1865), . "Two studies of the sounds of the Russian language" (in "Philological Notes", . 1864 - 1865), . "The percentage and stick with it are (in the" Antiquities of the Moscow Archaeological Society, . 1867, . t,
. II), "Notes on the Little Russian dialect" (in "Philological Notes", 1870, and separately, 1871), "On the history of the sounds of the Russian language" (1880 - 1886), analysis of the book P. Zhitetskogo "Review of audio stories Little Russian dialect" (1876, in "Report on the Uvarov Prize"), "The Lay of Igor" (text and notes, in "Philological Notes", 1877 - 1878. and Dep.) analysis of "folk songs and Ugric Galician Rus Golovatskii (in 21-m" Report on the Uvarov Prize ", 37 m. Notes of the Academy of Sciences, 1878), "Explanations of Little-Russian, and akin to the folk songs" (1883 - 1887) and others. Under his editorship of writings left G.F. Kvitky (1887 - 1890) and "Fairy tales, proverbs and t. n., recorded I.I. Majuro (the "Compendium of the Kharkiv Historical-Philological Society, 1890). After the death of Potebni been issued yet following his article: "From the lectures on the theory of literature. Fable, proverb, saying "(Kharkov, 1894; excellent sketch of the theory of literature), A review essay. Sobolev "Sketches from the history of the Russian language" (in 4-th book. Izvestia Branch of Russian Language and Literature of the Imperial Academy of Sciences ", 1896) and extensive philosophical article" Language and nation "(in the Journal of Europe", 1895, September). Very large and valuable research Potebni remained in manuscript unfinished. VI. Harz sorting out post-mortem materials Potebni, said: "The whole bears the stamp of a sudden interruption. The general impression from watching securities Potebni can express Little Russian proverb: vechirenka on the table, and death for plechima ... Here a number of issues, interesting for its novelty and strictly scientific decision, issues poreshennyh already, but just waited for the last finishing ". Kharkiv Historical-philological society offered the heirs Potebni gradual publication of the main manuscript studies Potebni and later the Academy of Sciences expressed its willingness to appoint a subsidy for the publication of. These proposals were not adopted, and precious research Potebni still waiting for the publication. Most processed hard Potebni is Volume III of the Notes on grammar ". "Notes" these are in close connection with the early writing Potebni "Thought and Language". The background of all the work - the ratio of thought to word. The modest title of the work does not give a complete picture of the richness of its philosophical and linguistic content. The author describes this ancient system of Russian thought and its transition to the complex techniques of modern language and thought. According Hartsieva, this "history of Russian thought by lighting the Russian word". This major work Potebni after his death was partly rewritten and edited by his disciples, so that in general it is prepared for printing. It is also bulky, but much less decorated with other work Potebni - "Notes on the Theory of Literature". Here is a parallel between the word and poetic work as homogeneous phenomena, . defines poetry and prose, . value for their sponsors and to the public, . considered in detail inspiration, . given accurate analysis techniques mythical and poetic creativity and, . Finally, . lot of space devoted to various forms of poetic allegorical, . being found everywhere unusually rich erudition of the author and quite distinctive perspective,
. In addition, Potebnya left a large lexical material, a lot of articles about the verb, a number of small literary-historical, cultural and social articles and essays that demonstrate the versatility of his intellectual interests (of L. Tolstoy, VF. Odoyevski, Tiutchev, nationalism, etc.), the original experience in the Little-Russian language translation of "The Odyssey". On revocation VI. Lamansky, "thoughtful, original researcher of the Russian language, Potebnya belonged to too small galaxy of the largest, original figures of Russian thought and science. A deep study of the formal aspect of language is a Potebni close to the philosophical understanding, with a love of art and poetry. Slim and careful analysis, worked out on a specially-philological writings, has been successfully applied Potebnya to ethnography and to the study of Little-Russian folk songs, mostly Christmas carols. Effect Potebni as a man and a professor was deeply and positively. In his lectures was a rich store of information, . carefully thought-out and critically examined, . heard a living, personal passion for science, . everywhere discovered the original conception of the world, . which was based on a highly conscientious and sincere attitude to human personality and to the collective identity of the people,
. N. Sumin
According to AP, language - is an activity, the body to-ing constitutes thought (Thought and Language, 1862). All of man's relationship to external objects due to the manner in which these objects appear to him in language. Every nation outlined the terms of their language, and get out of this circle, he can only move to another. Interpreted as an active understanding of the creative process, which forms the spiritual aspect of the individual. Psychology of poetic creativity meets creative sense of the word. P. created the psychology of perception and interpretation of works of art. He is the detailed theory of the creative process, to investigate the role of imagination in it, the character design in a particular embodiment of the material, establishing differences between artistic and scientific creativity. Much attention P. paid a psychological problem of the relation of self-knowledge and knowledge of the world, showing the historic nature of self, expressed through the relation to the past and future human. Self-awareness is not an act of contemplation, but above all the activity in a swarm-person learns the features of his psyche


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Potebnia Alexander Afanasievich, photo, biography
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