Viktor Emil Frankl( Austrian psychiatrist and psychologist)
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Biography Viktor Emil Frankl
(p. 1905) - Austrian psychiatrist and psychologist. By the concept of speech therapy, according to Roy, the driving force behind human behavior is the desire to find and implement existing in the external world the meaning of life. Man does not ask this question, and responds to him with real deeds. The role of meaning carry valuables - semantic universals, which generalize the experience of mankind. F. describes three classes of values, . allowing people to make life meaningful: the value of art (primarily labor), the value of experience (in particular, . love) and MT ratio value (consciously take a position in critical life situations, . k-rye can not change),
. Pursuing meaning, a man carries himself, thus, self-actualization - this is just a byproduct of the meaning. Conscience - a body to-ing helps a person to determine which of the potential meanings embedded in the situation, is his true. F. out three ontological dimension (level of existence) of a man: biological, psychological, and poetic, or spiritual. It is in the latter localized meanings and values, which play a decisive with respect to the lower levels role in determining behavior. The embodiment of the self-serve human abilities: a self-transcendence, focus outside itself, to self-removal, to take a position in relation to external situations and self. Free will in the understanding of F. inextricably linked with responsibility to make choices, without a swarm, it degenerates into tyranny ( 'Man's Search for Meaning', 1979). Logoteratsiya based on the patient's awareness of responsibility for finding and implementing the meaning of their lives in any, even life-critical circumstances.