TEN (Taine) Hippolyte( French philosopher and esthetician, historian, literary critic and social thinker)
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Biography TEN (Taine) Hippolyte
(21.04.1828, Vuze, the Ardennes, -05.03.1893, Paris) - French. philosopher and esthetician, historian, literary critic and social thinker. In his Philosophical. positivist views of T. was strongly influenced by Hegel. Hegelian notion of 'Zeitgeist', in T. yavl. explains the most important category of socio-cultural phenomena. Not adhering to any of Sociology. school T. encourage the establishment and spread of typological thinking in the social-humanitarian knowledge, . demanding to find 'formula' chaotic set of events and 'the dominant feature', . determining the nature of the individual, . and the people or the creative personality,
. In making these concepts, T. guided by the analogy with the biological view. The same analogy is discerned and the meanings which takes in explaining the scheme T. notion of 'race' as a combination of congenital and hereditary dispositions, to-rye man brings to-rye are usually associated with the peculiarities of temperament and bodily constitution. This brings the T. with Gobineau. Last 20 years of his life T. was occupied by a grand plan, a purpose-cerned was to investigate the origin sovr. France. This occupation led him to the 'organic' conception of society, development, close to the conservative historicism it. philosophy of law, with the only difference being that the TV - a staunch opponent of state. centralization, especially in education. The antithesis of bureaucratic centralization and local governments, expanded T. on historical material, is reflected in the thesis about the dichotomy of organic and mechanical solidarity Durkheim.