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BRODSKY, Joseph A.

( Poet.)

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Biography BRODSKY, Joseph A.
photo BRODSKY, Joseph A.
Born May 24, 1940 in Leningrad.
Up to 15 years in high school, then worked, had many professions. Write poetry in his own testimony, began at age 16. His pen belonged to such popular poems as "Christmas Romance", "Stanzas," "Sonnet," "Hills".
The official literature it rejected, without giving opportunity to publish. He lived only random orders for verse translations.
In 1963 he was arrested, tried and sentenced to five years of exile in the Arkhangelsk region with an obligation to work on the decree "On the responsibility for parasitism". In exile Joseph Brodsky continues to write: "The noise of rain ..."," Song "," Winter-mail, "" A poet "written in these years. In 1965, thanks to the intercession of Akhmatova, Samuil Marshak, Shostakovich and other artists, as well as the pressure of world public opinion lag has been reduced to actually served (1 year 5 months) and Brodsky was allowed to return to Leningrad.
In 1972 the poet was forced to leave their homeland. Brodsky went to the U.S., where gaining recognition and normal conditions for literary work. He teaches Russian literature at universities and colleges. Continues to write poetry in Russian and in English prose. In the West, . mostly, . U.S., . came eight books of poetry in Russian: "Poems" (1965), "Stop in the Desert (1970)," In England "(1977)," The End of Belle Epoque "(1977)," Part of speech "(1977) , "Roman Elegies" (1982), "New Stanzas to Augusta" (1983); "Urania" (1987); drama "Marble" (in Russian, . 1984),
. His collection of essays, "Less than one" was in 1986, recognized as the best book of literary criticism in the U.S..
In 1987 he became a Nobel laureate in literature.
In 1992 - the poet laureate of the U.S..
Joseph Brodsky died of heart disease on Jan. 28, 1996 in New York. He was buried in Venice on the cemetery of San Michele.


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