Grechko, Georgy Mikhailovich( Twice Hero of the Soviet Union, Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences)
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Biography Grechko, Georgy Mikhailovich
Born May 25, 1931. Leningrad. Father - Grechko Mikhail Fedorovich (1902 g.rozhd.). Mother - Grechko Chernyshevski (1907 g.rozhd.). Wife - Grechko Ludmila Kirillovna. Children - Grechko Aleksei G. (rod.18.11.1958 g.), Michael G. Grechko (rod.25.06.1962 g.).
Graduated from the Leningrad Military Mechanical Institute (1949-1955 yy). After the institute he worked in the design bureau (1955-1966 gg.). In 1966 he joined NPO Energia, where he worked until 1986. In the same year was admitted to the group of cosmonauts. Astronaut 1 st class, the instructor.
Three times he flew into space as a flight engineer. The first flew on the orbital complex "Soyuz-17 - Salyut-4" from 11 January to 9 February 1975. Second flight - on the orbital complex "Soyuz-26 - Salyut-6" - "Soyuz-27" on 10 December 1977. to 16 March 1978. The third - on the orbital complex "Soyuz T-14 - Salyut-7" - "Soyuz T-13" since 17 September 1985. 26 September 1985. They set a record of the USSR and the world record for the duration of space flights.
GM Grechko - a specialist in research of Earth's atmosphere by cosmic methods. The result of research and unique experiments conducted by G. Grechko on the orbital station was the development of hypotheses about the thin layered structure of the Earth's atmosphere. In 1984. He defended his thesis for the degree of Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences. From 1986 to 1997. served as the senior researcher at the Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Russia Academy of Sciences. He published 28 scientific papers in domestic and foreign magazines, and books, he repeatedly presented reports on the union and international scientific conferences.
Since 1997, Mr.. - Deputy Chairman of the Supervisory Board of the Bank's investments and savings
. GM Grechko - Hero of the Soviet Union, . Soviet cosmonaut, . Chevalier of the three Orders of Lenin, . Hero Czechoslovakia, . Chevalier of the Order of the Indian-Kirti Chakra, . Laureate of State Prizes of the Ukrainian and Estonian SSR, . was awarded several medals of the USSR and foreign countries,
. In 1975 he was awarded the Gold Medal im.K.E.Tsiolkovskogo Academy of Sciences, was awarded the Order of The Rose of the Winds "with a diamond of the International Committee for Aeronautics and Space Missions. GM Grechko is an honorary citizen of the city: Kaluga, Leninabad, Dzhezkazgan, Angarsk, Arkalyk, Prague (Czechoslovakia), Varna (Bulgaria), etc..
Is an active member of the International Academy of Astronautics (1975), an honorary member of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences (1975), Academician of International Academy of Science and Business (1998). Since 1979, Mr.. was Deputy Chairman of the Soviet Peace Committee.
GM Grechko, a passionate fan of science fiction, as well as the creativity of the classics of world literature: Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Graham Greene, Robert Burns and others. He likes light classical music, jazz, music performed by great variety of orchestras, Vysotsky. Always a pleasure watching movies Mark Zakharov, the legendary "White Sun of the Desert" and other Soviet paintings. Favorite artists: Evgeny Lebedev, Lev Durov, Sergei Jura. Keen airplane, automobile, small, skiing, scuba and other technical sports.
Lives and works in Moscow.