Gnedovskiy Yuri Petrovich( President of the Union of Architects of Russia, Academician of Russia Academy of Architecture and Building Sciences, State Prize Winner)
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Biography Gnedovskiy Yuri Petrovich
Born July 3, 1930 in the city of Sverdlovsk in the family of Russian intellectuals. Father P.E. Gnedovskiy (1903g.rozhd.), And mother, VK. Vanyukova (1903g.rozhd.) Met and married while working on one specialty - the design engineer in the construction, industrial and residential buildings of the Urals. My grandfather on my mother's side - KA. Vanyukov - large agronomist, in 1938, arrested and deported without the right to work in any state-owned enterprises. Paternal grandfather - an Orthodox priest serving in Omsk, in the Far East, but at the end of life - in Moscow, in the Church of All Saints at Sokol.
Tendency to drawing and composition manifested Yuri Gnedovskiy childhood. The boy enthusiastically engaged in the famous Palace of Pioneers (the former estate of the merchant Rastorgueva on Ascension Hill), who now is one of the most remarkable monuments of classicism in Yekaterinburg. These classes are largely determined the future mission of the boy. After the war, Yuri and his family lived 1,5 years in Chernivtsi in western Ukraine, which also continued the pattern.
. In 1947, the family overeat in Moscow, Yuri graduated from high school and entered the Moscow Architectural Institute (MARCHI), where he studied with teachers and
. Rozhina and A. Velikanova, a diploma under the guidance AN. Dushkin - author of the metro stations "Palace of Soviets" and "Mayakovskaya", as well as high-rise homes IPU at the Red Gate
. The training delivered Yuri Gnedovskiy great joy, . so in the walls of the institute began work in the scientific community with a student expeditions to the Russian North (Karelia), . who have made an enormous boost to comprehend the genius of folk architecture, with its masterpieces of the residential and civil architecture, . - Famous graveyard "Kizhi", . open "Muezere with great (still whole) painting, . wooden sculpture and unusual iconostases, . relevant interior of northern architecture.,
. In 1954, at the end of the institute Yu Gnedovskiy was admitted to the graduate school of the Academy of Architecture - the Institute for Public Buildings
. Academy in those years was the scientific and creative agency and led by masters of Soviet architecture. Young graduate students receive additional training on drawing and painting, . used a unique library, . working not only on the narrow topic of the thesis, . and expanding its general outlook and accumulating creativity, . In 1958-1959 years under the influence of Khrushchev's change began a series of competitions for the design of large and massive theater, . new theaters and cultural centers,
. The institute has developed the youth team, won several victories in competitions and worked on the pilot projects of large complexes. In those years and who led the Academy AV. Vlasov supported these searches and invite young professionals to work on real objects.
. This lucky to Yuri Gnedovskiy came to designing individual project theater with 800 seats in the first residential neighborhood satellite city Zelenograd
. Planning and construction was managed then. Rozhin, and then - and. Pokrovsky. Cinema turned clear on the functions and peculiar to the bulk composition and became the first public building of the new city formed "Area Youth". (Then the project was repeated in Stupino and other places, but without the involvement of the authors: S. Gnedovskiy, SW. Dmitriev P. Melkunyana).
In the same period in the Central Research and Design Institute of entertainment, sports and administration buildings (CNIIEP behalf B.S. Mezentseva) conducts research and design work on new types of theater, . Theaters, . concert halls and their complexes, . pilot projects set up community centers for Gorky (Nizhny Novgorod), . Dzerzhinsk, . Moscow, . including the reconstruction of the Theater on Malaya Bronnaya, . theater complexes in the garden "Aquarium", . Hermitage ", etc.,
. In 1973-1976 years in the collective of the Moscow Research and Design Institute of Cultural Objects, . Sports, . Leisure and Health (MNIIPOKOS) has developed a master plan for the location and development of cultural facilities, . and in 1980-1985 developed a draft and has been reconstructed Taganka, . converted into a complex with rooms for 800, . 500 and 200 seats (with A,
. Anisimov and B. Tarantseva).
In 1980 CNIIEP behalf Mezentseva with CNIIEP homes was launched large-scale work on a pilot residential complex "Mesherskoye Lake" in Nizhny Novgorod. Built in the main, by the year 1990, . but not completed in connection with the termination of budget financing, . this complex has become the embodiment of ideas of creating a multi-functional urban environment, . which reached not only the high quality of life, . but the relationship of architecture with nature, . landscape of the city and river.,
. In the new era of "perestroika" reforms and YU.P
. Gnedovskiy continues to work on the types of multi-use complexes.
In 1990-1991, he was drafted and was started in Moscow on Novoslobodskaya street theater and social center named V.E. Meyerhold, including the theater halls for 450, 150 and 100 seats (summer), exhibition hall, cafe, museum V.E. Meyerhold, shops, offices, a hotel (with In. Krasilnikov, and G. Savchenko).
. In 1989 he made the first project proposals, . and in 1995 launched the largest in the capital of the complex - Russia Cultural Center on Krasnokholmsky embankment in Moscow (architects Y. Gnedovskiy, . Krasil'nikov, . D. Solopov, . S. Gnedovskiy, . M. Gavrilova).,
. Located on the "arrow" between Moscow river and water channel, . almost opposite Novospassky Monastery, . new complex include the International House of Music with concert halls in 1800 and 600 seats and a universal hall for 500 seats, . and cinema, . showroom, . leisure center, . Information Center, . hotel 300 seats, . Restaurants, . cafe, . Stores, . conference rooms, . office buildings covering about 100 thousand,
. Q.. m. Most of the offices built, which allowed to start funding cultural facilities at the expense of dividends. In the composition of the complex used by the Kremlin and the Russian tradition of the monasteries with their rich silhouettes and plastic buildings.
. Working in research and design institutes as head of sector, . Head of Department, . then Deputy Director (CNIIEP behalf Mezentseva), . YP Gnedovskiy issued capital works in the design of public buildings, . including the monograph "Widescreen Cinema" (1959), . "Cinema,
. Fundamentals of Design "(1968)," The architecture of public buildings "(1980)," The architecture of the Soviet Theater "(1986)," Concert Halls: Typology "(1987).
. He has published over 60 articles in architectural magazines on how the area in which he specialized, and general issues of architecture and urban planning.
. In 1982 YU.P
. Gnedovskiy was elected secretary of the Union of Architects of the USSR, where he studied the conditions of creative work and international relations. In 1993 he was elected president of the Union of Architects of Russia and the first president of the International Association of Unions of Architects (CIS). Over the years, which he headed the Union of Architects of Russia, uniting 12 thousand. members from all regions of the country, the Union has not only maintained the unity, but also became a member organization participating in the formulation of laws and regulations in the field of architecture and town planning in conjunction with the State Construction Committee of the Ministry of Culture and. Every year in September, the Union of Architects holds festivals and contests "Architecture", which became the most significant event in the creative activity of architects of Russia.
. Since 1991, the YP Gnedovskiy - Member of the International Academy of Architecture in Moscow.
. In 1993 he became one of the initiators of the re-establishment and elected a member of the Russia Academy of Architecture and Building Sciences
. In 1996 he was elected to the Board of the International Union of Architects, founded in 1948 and now unites more than 1 million architects from 102 countries in all continents of the world.
YU.P. Gnedovskiy awarded the Order of Honor (1998), . He - Honored Architect of Russia, . USSR State Prize laureate ((1991), . laureate of the RF President in Literature and Art (2000), . honorary member of the American Institute of Architects, . Royal Institute of Architects of Ireland, . Unions architects of Poland and Georgia,
Lives and works in Moscow.