Obolensky, Nikolai( Honorary member of the Russia Academy of Architecture and Building Sciences, Honored Architect of Russia)
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Biography Obolensky, Nikolai
Born July 20, 1927 in Moscow. Is a direct descendant of the famous Russian kind of Prince Obolensky, who descended from the princes of Chernigov and are descended from Rurik. This genus is unique in the history of Russia and Russia. For eight centuries, ranging from Prince Michael of Chernigov, . classified at the Orthodox Church as a saint for a martyr's death in the Horde, . Dolgorukov and Vyazemskys, . graphs Sheremetyevy and Gudovich, . Lermontov and Karamzins, . which Prince Obolensky vitally linked, . they have made a significant contribution to the formation, . strengthening and unity of the Moscow first and then Rossiyskogo States,
Father N. Obolensky - Prince Vasily Obolensky, a vice-governor of Moscow during the governor-general Prince VA Dolgorukov. His father - Prince Obolensky, Vladimir Vasilyevich (1890-1937), graduated from the Moscow University (1912). In 1937 he was illegally repressed and executed. Mother - Gudovich Varvara (1900-1937), painter, granddaughter of General Field Marshal IV Gudovich, an associate of Alexander Suvorov and Mikhail Kutuzov. Also, was illegally deported and untraceable perished in the Gulag. Both fully rehabilitated.
Wife - Obolensky (Sarafanova) Nina Ilinichna (1926g.rozhd.) Graduated from Moscow State University, literary editor, was awarded the medal "Veteran of Labor"
. Son - Andrei Nikolaevich (1957g.rozhd.), . graduated from the Moscow Art School Surikov and the Moscow Architectural Institute, . winner of the major architectural competitions, . co-author rebuilding the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow, and many new temples, . residential and public buildings in Moscow, . Russia and abroad, . including the second largest in Russia, the Savior Transfiguration Cathedral, . built and consecrated in 1997 in the new town of Gubkin, Belgorod region,
. Counselor Russia Academy of Architecture and Building Sciences.
Daughter - Tatiana (1959g.rozhd.) Graduated from the Moscow Architectural Institute in 1983, architect-restorer.
Son - Vladimir Nikolaevich (1966g.rozhd.), Surgeon 1 category, finished 2-nd Moscow Medical Institute named after Pirogov in 1990, is preparing to defend dissertation, published over 10 scientific papers.
Nikolai Vladimirovich seven grandchildren.
N. Obolensky graduated from the Moscow Architectural Institute in 1950, having received the diploma of a covered stadium in Moscow, the first prize of the USSR Union of Architects.
Employment History began in the same year at the Institute of Design Higher Education (Giprovuz). There also was a member of the Union of Architects of the USSR and entered the graduate school of the Academy of Architecture of the USSR, . being both the head of the Laboratory of Climatology and architectural lighting NIISF USSR State Construction, . where he defended his candidate's and doctoral theses, . on the role of light and color in architecture,
. Then in 1982, N. Obolensky, was invited to head the department in its own university - the Moscow Architectural Institute, where in addition to the basic work led the country's largest creative section of the Union of Architects of the USSR in 6 years
In 1988, N. Obolensky received an invitation to occupy the post of first deputy head of the Moscow State non-departmental review of the Government of Moscow. In this capacity, he works for now
. In the country and abroad on projects NV Obolensky's unique built complexes of higher education, . most important of them: Kiev Institute of Civil Aviation (1956) in an area of 2 hectares, . Technology Institute in Rangoon (Burma) in an area of 52 hectares (1958), . Polytechnic Institute in Hanoi (Vietnam) in an area of 80 hectares (1961), . Institute of Building Physics in Moscow (1978) and others,
. He took an active part in competitive projects: Sukharev and Manege Square (I and II Prize), and Riga Borovitskaya space in Moscow, a monument to VI Bazhenov (Diploma of Russia Academy of Arts). In total, he participated in the design and construction of 15 major facilities.
N. Obolensky published over 130 scientific papers. The largest of them: "Architecture and the Sun", . textbook Architectural Physics, . "Natural light and insolation of buildings", . "Architectural lighting of central and historic areas of Moscow", . Architectural Ecology ", . "Language of Light in Architecture", etc.,
. His works are published in foreign journals, . the pages of magazines central USSR and Russia: "Architecture of the USSR", . "Architecture and Construction of Moscow", . "Housing", . "Industrial construction", . "Lighting", . Architecture and Construction of Russia ", . entered the scientific publications of the International Commission on Illumination, . International Council for Construction, . Great Soviet Encyclopedia and the Encyclopedia "Building",
. In the encyclopedia "The Art of countries and peoples of the world" entered his copyrights built in Burma and Vietnam. They created the device "Insolyator I-67", . gained acceptance in the design and research organizations, . it - by unique experimental facilities ( "Artificial Sky", . "Artificial sun", etc.), . participant and medalist VDNKh, . has 5 inventions, . protected by copyright certificates,
. Under his leadership, important legal documents for construction in Moscow and Russia, with a high urban planning, environmental and economic importance
. In the monograph "Architecture and the Sun" (221 pages) the first time in the scientific literature, formulated a modern problem of improving the quality of architecture and urban planning, . determined by solar radiation on the basic parameters: comfort, . expressiveness, . economy and energy,
. Analyzed the historical (since Vitruvius), and modern trends of the role of the sun in architecture (valuation, design and optimization of conditional insolation and shading), as well as gelioklimaticheskogo zoning of the USSR. Reveals reasons of gross errors in determining the effectiveness of insolation and shading of building adapted to the modern architect's creative method
. In a new textbook for architectural schools in Russia - Architectural Physics "(1997) and articles in architectural magazines (" Architecture and Construction of Moscow ", . N 6, . 1999) they were also the first time the necessity of fundamental reorganization of the environmental training of architects and builders in high school,
. They proved, . in a process of architectural and construction education and real design in this area requires general scientific ecological approach, . whose essence is to understand the architectural object and the whole city as a complex system of connections between individual components of its elements and be sure to forward and backward linkages with the external object of the natural environment,
. Shown also overdue need for a new integrated Department of Architectural Ecology ", which today is a sign of our times, ie. XXI Century. This idea is supported by the State Committee of Russia for the Environment and president of the Russia Academy of Architecture and Building Sciences.
Considerable public activity NV Obolensky. He - a member of doctoral academic councils, Council of Architecture in Moscow, Expert Advisory Board Public All-Russia Society for Protection of Monuments of History and Culture
. N. Obolensky - Doctor of Engineering, . Professor, . Distinguished architect of Russia, . honorary member of the Russia Academy of Architecture and Building Sciences, . member of the International Academy of Sciences of Higher School and the International Academy of Art (awarded its prize named Vasily Bazhenov and a medal for outstanding contribution to architectural science "), . Corresponding Member of the International Academy of Architecture International Academy of Informatization; Diploma Union of Architects of the USSR and Russia, . Russia Academy of Architecture and Building Sciences, . Russia Academy of Arts,
Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Alexy II, he was awarded the Order of St. Sergius of Radonezhskogo for their efforts in rebuilding Russian shrines.
Over many years of creative scientific, pedagogical and social activities, he was awarded medals "For Valiant Labor", "Veteran of Labor", Diploma of the Moscow Government, the Minister of Higher Education of the USSR and the Union of Architects of Russia.
In the 1 st volume edition of the Joint International Biographic Center "Who's Who in the modern world" (1998), N. Obolensky's biography was published in which 200 prominent figures of our time.
In his spare time he enjoys classical music, theater, hunting.
Lives and works in Moscow.