BASHMET Yuri Abramovich( People's Artist of USSR)
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Biography BASHMET Yuri Abramovich
Born January 24, 1953 in Rostov-na-Donu
. There are musicians that are designed by God and the fate of not only worthy to pass a bumpy but glorious career, but also all of its by nature to become a personality in the musical arts, and thereby open up new horizons for future generations
. Today such a musician, of course, is Yuri Bashmet, viola has made one of the leaders of the modern concert performing.
In 1971 he graduated from the Lviv Secondary Special Music School. From 1971 to 1976. studied at the Moscow Conservatory. His first teacher of the class viola was Professor Vadim Borisov, and after his death in 1972 - Professor Fedor Druzhinin. Under his leadership, Yuri Bashmet, intern and teaching assistant at the Moscow Conservatory (1976-1978).
In 1972. Yuri Bashmet, viola become masters Paola Testori (Milan, 1758), which is present. While still a student musician was awarded the second prize of the International Viola Competition in Budapest (1975) and the Grand Prix at the viola competition conducted by ARD in Munich (1976). On the fore, as a phenomenally gifted artist.
Since the late 70's early 80-ies begins a rapid ascent of the soloist in the musical Olympus. Active concert Yuri Bashmet began in 1976 with a tour of Germany with the Moscow Chamber Orchestra, which was founded by R. Barshay. Today, the geography of concert performances of the artist is very broad: it is the best concert halls of Europe, the USA, Canada, Latin America, Australia, New Zealand and Japan. For the first time in world practice performing Yuri Bashmet gave concerts of solo viola (Recital, . Viola Abend) in the halls, . as Carnegie Hall (New York), . Concertgebouw (Amsterdam), . Barbican (London), . Berlin Philharmonic, . La Scala (Milan), . Great Hall of the Conservatory in Moscow and the Great Hall of the Leningrad Philharmonic,
Yuri Bashmet - one of the few musicians of our time, has received worldwide recognition and credibility. He collaborated with many famous conductors, . such as Rafael Kubelik, . Seiji Ozawa, . Gennady Rozhdestvensky, . Sir Colin Davis, . John Elliot Gardiner, . Mstislav Rostropovich, . Valery Gergiev, . Charles Dutoit, . Neville Merriner, . Paul Sacher, . Michael Tilson Thomas, . Kurt Masur, . Bernard Haitink, . Kent Nagano, . Simon Rattl, . Yuri Temirkanov, . Nikolaus Harnoncourt,
Starting in 1985. his conductor's work, Yuri Bashmet and here remained true to himself, acknowledging his brilliant reputation as a bold, never afraid to take risks, contemporary artist.
In 1986, Yuri Bashmet creates a chamber orchestra "Moscow Soloists'. In 1991, while on tour abroad, Yuri Bashmet, as artistic director of the orchestra, has signed a temporary contract for the work of a team with the City of Montpellier (France). Later, the musicians of the orchestra decided to stay in France, it was absolutely not acceptable for Bashmet, since signing the contract he was not going to leave Russia, which has been and remains of his house. Yuri Bashmet decides to give up leadership of the orchestra and the reserves team, giving the musicians the right to choose to return with him to Russia. Soon the group ceases to exist. Today, his musicians are working in various creative collectives abroad.
In 1992, Yuri Bashmet, creates a new orchestra, whose members are very talented young musicians in Russia, graduates and graduate students of the Moscow Conservatory.
Grueling, but happy period starting the marathon: a joint rehearsals, a concert debut at the Great Hall of the Moscow Conservatory marked the undoubted promise of the new Commonwealth. Today, without this group is hard to imagine its full artistic life of not only Russia but also many countries and continents. The ensemble has played many concerts in different countries. His performances recorded the largest radio stations, such as the British BBC, Bayerischer Rundfunk, Radio France, Radio Luxembourg.
The ensemble has recorded several CDs of which occupies a special place premiere recording of the Triple Concerto by Alfred Schnittke, made for the company EMI Records, where the soloists were made by G. Kremer, Yuri Bashmet and Mstislav Rostropovich. A compact disc of the Thirteenth Quartet of Shostakovich and the Quintet of Johannes Brahms (soloist Yuri Bashmet), made for the company Sony Classics, noted critics of the largest music magazine STRAD as 'the best record in 1998'
. As a soloist and conductor Yuri Bashmet has performed with leading symphony orchestras: Berlin Philharmonic, . Berlin Symphony, . New York Philharmonic, . Bayerishe Rundfunk, . San Francisco Symphony, . Chicago Symphony, . Boston Symphony, . London Symphony, . Radio France, . Orchestra de Paris, . Wiener Philharmonic, etc.,
. With these orchestras he successfully performed the symphonic works of Brahms, Haydn, Schubert, Mozart, Tchaikovsky, Beethoven. A performance under his leadership Shostakovich Symphony N13 in the Bolshoi Theater of Russia has become an important and remarkable event in the musical life of the country
. His solo concerts, . as well as performances in the ensemble with such outstanding musicians, . as S. Richter, . Rostropovich, . I. Stern, . A.-S.Mutter, . G. Kremer, . M. Portal, . S. Mintz, . O. Kagan, . Natalia Gutman, . V. Tretyakov, . M.-Zh.Piresh always draw full houses and cause a burning interest,
Yuri Bashmet and Sviatoslav Richter. Commonwealth of artists of different generations, but identical artistic views has gained a higher meaning. Their joint statement at the famous festival "December Nights" in the Pushkin Museum in Moscow and in the world tour, creating an unforgettable atmosphere of co-creation of two great musicians.
And another long-standing creative friendship. Communicate with brilliant musician Mstislav Rostropovich, both on stage and in life, for Y. Bashmet's always a great joy.
Its programs - music of different eras and styles. Modern composers specially written for Yuri Bashmet and his devoted 38 viola concerts and other works: A. Schnittke - "Concerto", "Monologue"; C. Gubaidulina - "Concert"; E. Denisov - "Concert", . J. Tavener - "The Myth Bearer"; M. Pletnev - 'Concert', . A. Golovin - "Sonata-logs"; A. Raskatov - "Sonata"; Giya Kancheli - "Liturgy"; A. Tchaikovsky - Two "Concert"; Barkauskas - "Concert"; A. Eshpai - "Concert", P . Ruders - "Concert", A. Schnittke - "Concerto for Three" (dedicated to M,
. Rostropovich, SW. Bashmet, D. Kremer) and many others. Bashmet reworked "String Trio" A. Schnittke for string orchestra (under the title "Trio Sonata" it went on the ed. Sikorsky, Vienna).
In the vast repertoire of Yuri Bashmet is the work, the interpretation of which is recognized unmatched in the history of the performing arts. Among them - Chaconne by JS Bach, Sonata 'Arpeggione Franz Schubert, Symphony-Concerto for Violin and Viola Mozart, Sonata for Viola Shostakovich, Concerto for viola and orchestra by Alfred Schnittke,.
Yuri Bashmet has participated in many festivals around the world: Tanglvud (USA), Bordeaux, Biarritz, Menton (France), Brussels (Belgium), Kuhmo, Mikkeli (Finland), Kreuth (Germany), Siena, Camerino, Sorrento, Stresa ( Italy). "The March Music Days" (Rousse, Bulgaria). He is the artistic director and one of the organizers of festivals in Rolandseke (Germany), Toure (France) and o.Elba (Italy). He - a regular participant of the Promenade concerts at the Royal Albert Hall (London, England). The highest estimate of talent Yuri Bashmet was the appointment of its artistic director of musical festival "December Nights", which took place 17 years under the leadership of brilliant Sviatoslav Richter in Moscow.
Yuri Bashmet - founder and chairman of the jury's first and only in Russia, the International Viola Competition in Moscow. He is president of the International viola competition im.L.Tertisa in England, a member of the jury viola competition in Munich and with Maurice Vieux in Paris.
Yuri Bashmet - unique, colorful personality in the modern music world. Due to unique, God-given talent, enormous erudition, the noblest artistry and boundless energy, Yuri Bashmet, in everything he touches, it feels the hand of the Master. Reviews of the world press - another confirmation of world fame of "first world violist Yuri Bashmet. "... The perfection of interpretation and musicianship shine can be compared only with David Oistrakh ..." - Wrote one of the German newspapers. His name is today - the highest bracket of performing arts of the twentieth century.
Film and television companies from different countries (Britain, France, Russia) shot several films about his work. His CDs have repeatedly been the holders of these prestigious European awards like the Golden Range "and" Shock ".
Performing Arts Yuri Bashmet is constantly in the spotlight of domestic and world public. His work was recognized in various awards and regalia in their own homeland and abroad. He was awarded the title "Honored Artist of the RSFSR" (1983), . People's Artist of USSR (1991), . USSR State Prize Laureate (1986), . winner of State Prize of Russia (1994, . 1996), . Laureate Award-1993 - "To the best musician-instrumentalist of the year" (the title is akin to cinematic "Oscar"),
. Yuri Bashmet - Honorary Academician of the Academy of the Arts London.
In 1995. he was awarded one of the most prestigious awards in the world "Sonnings Musikfond", awarded in Copenhagen. Earlier this award was given to Stravinsky, L. Bernstein, Benjamin Britten, Yehudi Menuhin, I. Stern, A. Rubinstein, Shostakovich, Mstislav Rostropovich, S. Richter, G. Kremer.
In 1999, the Decree of the Minister of Culture of the French Republic, Yuri Bashmet awarded the title of Officer of Arts and Letters.
Since 1978, Mr.. Yuri Bashmet - teaches at the Moscow Conservatory, as its first Associate Professor (since 1988), and now a professor (since 1996).
Since 1980, Yury Bashmet conducts master classes in Japan, Europe, America and Hong Kong, teaching the summer courses at the Academy Kidzhana (g.Siena, Italy) and in g.Ture (France). His pupils, among them many winners of international competitions, playing in major orchestras of the world
. In 1996 he created and headed the Moscow Conservatory 'Experimental chair viola', . which in addition to works solo viola repertoire in the student's program includes advanced study of the viola parties in the chamber, . opera and symphonic music, . as well as in-depth study of the history of the performing styles of the past and present,
Yury Bashmet conducts extensive educational work, as a presenter and artistic director of the television program "Dream Station" and "Music in the museums of the world"
. Yuri Bashmet - party to many of the largest charity events of world importance: at Carnegie Hall (with John E. and S. Wonder), . in London (in memory of Princess Diana), in concert, . fees from which were sent to the relief funds to victims of natural disasters in Armenia, . Japan, . assistance funds for disabled children,
Created by musicians of the International Charitable Foundation, established the International im.D.Shostakovicha Award for outstanding achievement in the field of world art. This prize is awarded to G. Kremer (1994), T. Hvasthoffu (1995), V. Tretyakov (1996), Valery Gergiev (1997), Anne-Sophie Mutter (1998).
His contribution to peacekeeping activities is difficult to overestimate. It's high civic position Yuri Bashmet, combined with his outstanding creative work put his name in several of the greatest names of the XX century.
Lives and works in Moscow.