Maria Bieshu Lukyanovna( Opera singer)
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Biography Maria Bieshu Lukyanovna
Born August 3, 1935 in the village of Stefan Voda district Volontirovka Republic of Moldova. Father - Luke Bieshu Savelevich (1909g.rozhd.) Mother - Bieshu Auntie (1913g.rozhd.).
Maria Bieshu born and raised in the Moldavian village Volontirovka. Musicianship and great love for singing, she has inherited from the mother, the best singer in the village. Professionals have repeatedly stated that Bieshu natural setting rates. This is understandable, since childhood Mary was surrounded by folk song, namely in the folk singers, as is known, an unusually strong sense of free, natural singing. In Volontirovke Maria graduated from high school and in 1951 entered the Faculty of agroforestry agricultural college in the Moldovan city of Hartford. Here, she actively participated in student initiative - singing, dancing, chorus director. After one of the art parades talented girl in 1955 was adopted without examination in the Kishinev State Conservatory in the class teacher S. Zarifian, which has been studying for four years. While still a student Maria Bieshu became popular in the country soloist Moldovan folk music "Fluerash". She graduated from the conservatory in 1961, the class of Professor PA Botezat and immediately after the public examination has been invited to the Moldavian State Opera and Ballet.
Debuted M. Bieshu on the opera stage was held in the spring of 1962, when she sang the part of Tosca in the opera Puccini. In 1965 - 1967 years of a young Moldovan opera singer on probation at the Milan La Scala, where under the guidance of renowned teacher Enrico Piazza prepared in Italian Party Tosca, Aida, Cio-Cio-San and Leonora in operas J. Puccini and J. Verdi. In the same period, she successfully participates in international competitions: the winner becomes the first contest of vocalists in the III International Competition named after P. Tchaikovsky (third prize, . 1966), . brilliantly won the 1 st International Competition Miura Tamaki in Japan, . which won the title of laureate, . First Prize, . "Gold Cup" and the title of "Best Cio-Cio-San Peace,
. After that, for MM Bieshu began intense life opera singer, world class: new roles, premieres, performances on all continents, recording, filming. She sings at the Bolshoi Theater, the opera houses of the leading theaters of the former Soviet Union, the Metropolitan Opera in New York, in theaters Czechoslovakia, Germany, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Romania, Hungary, Poland, Finland, Austria. Commits concert tour of Japan, Australia, Cuba, Israel. Performed solo concerts in Rio de Janeiro, sings in the Paris Conference "Olympia".
By singer comes this great success, but not everything was clear and cloudless. She, . man honest and straightforward, . had to feel envy and distinguished colleagues, . and wicked malevolence distant from art officials, . prohibiting long-term contract with the Metropolitan Opera ", . the troupe of which Maria was invited for the execution of 10 leading political parties, . ie,
. entire soprano repertoire, to be replaced then completed his career Tibaldi and Callas. So among the roses, strewn path of young opera stars, there were many sharp thorns.
List of roles played M. Bieshu on the opera stage, says that she - the exponent of a single broad theme, the theme of women's tragic fate, the way her character through the circles of love, sacrifice, suffering. It involves almost all of its characters - Floria Tosca, . Cio-Cio-Cio-San, . become a kind of card of the singer, . Aida, . Adriana Lecouvreur and, . Finally, . Norma - absolute peak of her operatic works, . role, . in which all facets of the individual singer received the most complete and harmonious expression,
. M. Bieshu brilliantly overcame vocal and dramatic challenges of the party, creating the image of the majestic gallskoy priestesses and simultaneously suffering earth woman. After this performance on the Moldovan opera appeared such seldom reaching opera as "La forza del destino, Un ballo in maschera, Don Carlos," Nabucco "Verdi's" Adriana Lecouvreur Francesco Cilea, "Turandot" by G. Puccini, the main party in which performed Bieshu M..
Opera singer, as they say, "God's grace" Bieshu supposedly created for the execution of the Italian romantic opera of the nineteenth century, and these works predominate in her repertoire. However, it is not limited to the heroines of Verdi and Puccini, and includes some favorite heroines of her operas Tchaikovsky (Tanya, Lisa, Yolanda, Qom). To fulfill these parties, the singer has always found a particularly sharp and vivid means of expression.
Mary Bieshu can be called operatic muse Moldovan composers: all soprano parts from 60-ies are written per participation ( "heroic ballad" A. Styrchi, "Sergei Lazo, D. Gershfelda," Alexander Lepushnyanu "G. Mustafa).
All in all, the creative repertoire includes about three dozen soprano parts in the masterpieces of world opera classics and the works of contemporary composers, she performed on the stages of leading opera houses in the world. Among them: Floria Tosca ( "Tosca" by Puccini, . 1962), . Tatiana ( "Eugene Onegin" by Tchaikovsky, . 1963), . Aurelia (Aurelia "Gershfelda, . 1963), . Cio-Cio-Cio-San (Madama Butterfly "by Puccini, . 1963), . Lisa (The Queen of Spades "by Tchaikovsky, . 1965), . Aida (Aida "by Verdi, . 1966), . Desdemona ( "Othello" by Verdi, . 1967), . Leonora ( "Il Trovatore" by Verdi, . 1969), . Domnica ( "heroic ballad" Styrchi, . 1970), . Nedda (Pagliacci Leoncavallo, . 1971), . Zemfira (Aleko Rachmaninov, . 1973), . Glier (Glier "Neaga, . 1974), . Nastasia (Enchantress "by Tchaikovsky, . 1974), . Norma (Norma Bellini, . 1975), . Mimi (La Boheme "by Puccini, . 1977), . Turandot (Turandot by Puccini, . 1979), . Iolanta (Iolanta Tchaikovsky, . 1979), . Olga (Sergei Lazo "Gershfelda, . 1980), . Santuzza (rusticana Mascagni, . 1980), . Natalia ( "The Storm" Khrennikov, . 1980), . Leonora (La forza del destino "by Verdi, . 1981), . Serafina ( "Vivat, . maestro Donizetti, . 1981), . Adriana (Adriana Lecouvreur Cilea, . 1984), . Dido (Dido and Aeneas Purcell, . in concert, . 1984), . Rita ( "The Dawns Here Are Quiet" Molchanov, . 1985), . Elizabeth ( "Don Carlos" by Verdi, . 1985), . Ruksanda (Alexander Lepushnyanu "Musta, . 1987), . Amelia (Un ballo in maschera "by Verdi, . 1989), . Abigail (Nabucco Verdi, . 1995).,
. Wide and chamber repertoire M. Bieshu, numbering more than 20 concert programs and includes works of world opera classics, ancient classical, spiritual and contemporary music
The very sound of her voice enchants unique beauty, freshness, fullness of sound. Wonder Arkhipov, part of a jury of the International Competition named after P. Tchaikovsky, identified him as the timbre of an unusually feminine, warm, beautiful, comprising in a charming expression. In absolute evenness of playing all the registers of her voice has a rich gamut of timbral colors.
M. Bieshu - a singer of rare musical talent, with an unerring sense of musical truth. Her performance breathes heart warmth and spontaneity of expression. Figuratively, the emotional essence of the musical tone is revealed in singing Bieshu with the utmost expressiveness and brilliance. Vocal singer is not "empty music". Every sound, every curve of melody is a revelation, full of deep emotion and sincere artistic sense
. Nature endowed Mary Bieshu addition to the extraordinary voice and fine musicianship, and more distinctive, strong acting talent, connecting, so in her personality are the three main qualities, whose unity and creates this opera singer
. Her artistic skills are not just a gift hypocrisy. It nourishes the music and exceptional musicality singer. Musical intonation, the words dictated to her all the elements of stage behavior, determine the pace, rhythm, plastic and facial expressions. Therefore, its characters - living. In them there is no "game" the conventions, all organically and naturally. The explanation of artistic credibility and authenticity of art Bieshu lies in close spiritual affinity of the heroines of her most with her emotional storehouse, world-view.
Maria Bieshu has long been one of the most eminent authorities in the vocal world. This is evidenced by its continued involvement in the jury of many international vocal competitions (Tokyo, Barcelona, Budapest, contests Glinka, Tchaikovsky and many others). Caring for the preservation and development of young people the best traditions of vocal art, professor of the Academy of Music and Musicescu Maria Lukyanovna Bieshu lead vocal class. In 1999, M. Bieshu was invited to Japan where he held a series of master classes for students vocalists.
Continuing the tour activity, M. Bieshu only in the last five years came in opera performances and chamber music concerts in Austria, Germany, France, Italy, Hungary, Japan, Belarus, Ukraine, Russia. In a creative asset, not only sung by the singer her vocals, but the seven films and TV movies with her participation, as well as numerous recordings of arias, songs and ballads in her performance and opera performances, where M. Bieshu sings the major parties.
Along with the highest artistic prestige Maria Bieshu has earned the respect as an organizer. With her personality is related to many important cases and developments in the cultural life of Moldova. Several years ago, she was unanimously elected chairman of the Union of Musicians of the country and as such works tirelessly on the status and prosperity of the national musical art, cares about the needs of musicians Moldova. Particular focus is musical youth and children. Festival of Young Singers of A. Styrchi, folk festivals, celebrations of children's musical creativity - in all this a lot of personal involvement and care of Mary Bieshu. But most importantly its creation in recent years - now known in many countries, the festival of opera and ballet "Maria Biesu". Each year, the best singers, ballet dancers, the conductors of the many theaters in the autumn flock to Kishinev, to speak in the performances of the national opera.
Creativity Mary Bieshu highly noted by the State and the public. She - People's Artist of USSR (1970), Hero of Socialist Labor (1990), laureate of Lenin Prize, State Prize of the USSR and the MSSR. She was awarded the Order of Lenin (1984), Labor Red Banner (1976), "Badge of Honor" (1960), the highest award of the Republic of Moldova - the Order of the Republic (1992). In 1992 she was elected vice-president of the International Union of Musicians. It academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Moldova.
Lives and works in Kishinev.